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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Nigeria: Elections and Issues for Congress

Nigeria: Elections and Issues for Congress

Date: May 17, 2011
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report discusses the political climate, development challenges and reform in Nigeria. The report also deliberates the social issues and security concerns of Nigeria. In addition, other issues are considered as Congress provides oversight for over $600 million in U.S. foreign assistance programs to Nigeria.
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U.S. Foreign Assistance to Sub-Saharan Africa: The FY2012 Request

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Sub-Saharan Africa: The FY2012 Request

Date: May 20, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Cook, Nicolas; Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji; Kendall, Alexandra E.; Tarnoff, Curt & Ho, Melissa D.
Description: Sub-Saharan Africa, the world's poorest region, receives over a quarter of all U.S. bilateral foreign assistance. Aid to Africa more than quadrupled over the past decade, primarily due to sizable increases in global health spending during the Bush Administration and more measured increases in development, economic, and security assistance. The Obama Administration's FY2012 bilateral Africa aid budget request, at $7.8 billion, represents an increase of roughly 10% compared to FY2010, albeit at a more restrained growth rate than in previous years (see "The FY2012 Request by the Numbers"). FY2011 enacted levels are not yet available by region. The proposed increases are concentrated in the areas of health, governance, and agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Yemen: Background and U.S. Relations

Yemen: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 8, 2011
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: With limited natural resources, a crippling illiteracy rate, and high population growth, Yemen faces an array of daunting development challenges that some observers believe make it at risk for becoming a failed state in the next few decades. As the country's population rapidly rises, resources dwindle, and terrorist groups take root in the outlying provinces, the Obama Administration and the 111th Congress are left to grapple with the consequences of Yemeni instability. As President Obama and the 111th Congress reassess U.S. policy toward the Arab world, the opportunity for improved U.S.-Yemeni ties is strong, though recurring tensions over counterterrorism cooperation and lack of U.S. interest in Yemen within the broader foreign policy community persist.
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Honduran-U.S. Relations

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Date: July 14, 2011
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report examines current political and economic conditions in Honduras as well as issues in Honduran-U.S. relations.
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U.S. Assistance Programs in China

U.S. Assistance Programs in China

Date: August 9, 2011
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: This report examines U.S. foreign assistance activities in the People's Republic of China (PRC), including U.S. Department of State and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) programming, foreign operations appropriations, policy history, and legislative background. International programs supported by U.S. departments and agencies other than the Department of State and USAID are not covered in this report.
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Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: August 22, 2011
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Iran, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Iran relationship and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
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Egypt in Transition

Egypt in Transition

Date: August 23, 2011
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the transition underway after the resignation of Egyption president, Hosni Mubarak, as well as information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. U.S. policy toward Egypt has long been framed as an investment in regional stability, however, U.S. policy makers are now grappling with complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations.
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U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: August 29, 2011
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report describes issues related to U.S. aid provided to Palestine to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs. In includes introductory and historical background as well as in-depth analysis of the types of U.S. bilateral aid to Palestine, U.S. contributions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the near East (UNRWA), and the issues involved in determining future aid.
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The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations

The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: August 30, 2011
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides an overview of current issues in U.S.-Palestinian relations. It also contains an overview of Palestinian society and politics and descriptions of key Palestinian individuals and groups—chiefly the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Palestinian Authority (PA), Fatah, Hamas, and the Palestinian refugee population.
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Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Date: September 15, 2011
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the issue of U.S. economic assistance to sub-Saharan Africa, highlighting the importance of continued assistance in light of U.S. national security and also various U.S.-led efforts to promote reform amongst African citizens themselves. U.S. assistance finds its way to Africa through a variety of channels, including the USAID-administered DA program, food aid programs, and indirect aid provided through international financial institutions and the United Nations.
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