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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report analyzes the long-run path of the federal budget. The United States is projected to undergo a demographic shift as the aging of the baby boomers causes an unprecedented increase in the fraction of the population that is retired. Coupled with rising life expectancy, this means, under current policy, a steady increase in the portion of the population that is both out of the workforce and receiving social insurance benefits from the government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Date: January 7, 2010
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report tracks the status of ongoing legislative action and debate related to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization. It is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport financing; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and airline industry issues. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insurance and Financial Regulatory Reform in the 111th Congress

Insurance and Financial Regulatory Reform in the 111th Congress

Date: January 13, 2010
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the debate around federal involvement in insurance regulation. In the aftermath of the recent financial crisis, broad financial regulatory reform legislation has been advanced by the Obama Administration and by various Members of Congress.
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Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses the Haiti earthquake disaster and various responses, ranging from the Haitian government's initial response to foreign humanitarian and financial aid.
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Globalization, Worker Insecurity, and Policy Approaches

Globalization, Worker Insecurity, and Policy Approaches

Date: January 20, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report discusses the trends driving global economic integration, sources of worker insecurity and policy approaches. There appears to be a range of views on the merits of each of these policy approaches and the extent to which they can be designed and implemented in a way that would reduce worker insecurity without undermining the benefits of globalization.
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Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
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Currency Manipulation: The IMF and WTO

Currency Manipulation: The IMF and WTO

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report describes how the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Trade Organization (WTO) deal with the issue of currency manipulation. It also discusses apparent discrepancies in their charters and ways those differences might be addressed.
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Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the passenger facility charge (PFC), within the broader context of airport capital development finance. After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, and the types of projects the program funds.
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The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

The German Economy and U.S.-German Economic Relations

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses Germany's recent trends in economic performance and trade relations with the U.S. This report elaborates on these themes in three parts: historical economic performance; reform challenges facing German political leaders; and selected U.S.-German economic policy differences.
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Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY1998-FY2009

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY1998-FY2009

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report shows in tabular form how much the Administration requested and how much Congress appropriated during the past 11 years for U.S. payments to the multilateral development banks (MDBs). It also provides a brief description of the MDBs and the ways they fund their operations.
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Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress

Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report provides a background on organized crime in the United States as well as the tools that Congress has afforded for the federal government to combat it.
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Campaign Finance Policy After Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: Issues and Options for Congress

Campaign Finance Policy After Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of selected campaign finance policy options that may be relevant to the ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. It also briefly comments on how Citizens United might affect political advertising. A complete understanding of how Citizens United will affect the campaign and policy environments is likely to be unavailable until at least the conclusion of the 2010 election cycle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Interventions in Response to Financial Turmoil

Government Interventions in Response to Financial Turmoil

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Webel, Baird & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report reviews new programs introduced and other actions taken by the Treasury, Federal Reserve, and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in response to the recent financial crisis. It does not cover longstanding programs such as the Fed's discount window and FDIC receivership of failed banks.
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Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: The largest earthquake ever recorded in Haiti devastated parts of the country, including the capital, on January 12, 2010. This report discusses the disaster and various responses, ranging from the Haitian government's initial response to foreign humanitarian and financial aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY1998-FY2009

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY1998-FY2009

Date: February 3, 2010
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report shows in tabular form how much the Administration requested and how much Congress appropriated during the past 11 years for U.S. payments to the multilateral development banks (MDBs). It also provides a brief description of the MDBs and the ways they fund their operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report covers the background and recent history on the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). This committee has recently emerged from obscurity due to concerns involving foreign investments in U.S. companies and national security.
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The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report covers the recent background of the Exon-Florio provision with special regards to issues faced in the 112th Congress. The Exon-Florio provision grants the President the authority to block proposed or pending foreign acquisitions of "persons engaged in interstate commerce in the United States" that threaten to impair the national security.
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Financial Market Supervision: European Perspectives

Financial Market Supervision: European Perspectives

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report addresses the European perspectives on a number of proposals that are being advanced for financial oversight and regulation in Europe. The European experience may be instructive because financial markets in Europe are well developed, European firms often are competitors of U.S. firms, and European governments have faced severe problems of integration and consistency across the various financial structures that exist in Europe.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Investment, CFIUS, and Homeland Security: An Overview

Foreign Investment, CFIUS, and Homeland Security: An Overview

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report gives a brief overview of P.L. 110-49, the Foreign Investment and National Security Act of 2007. Although both the President and Congress are directly involved in formulating the scope and direction of U.S. foreign investment policy, this law broadens Congress's oversight role; it also explicitly includes the areas of homeland security and critical infrastructure as separately-identifiable components of national security that the President must consider when evaluating the national security implications of a foreign investment transaction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report provides a historical account and analysis of the crisis through January 2010. While business contraction appears to have abated, unemployment is shown to be on the rise and many businesses and countries are still facing difficulties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United States as a Net Debtor Nation: Overview of the International Investment Position

The United States as a Net Debtor Nation: Overview of the International Investment Position

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report looks at international investing patterns and impacts, and ends with considerations on this topic for Congress.
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Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: February 5, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
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Foreign Direct Investment: Current Issues

Foreign Direct Investment: Current Issues

Date: February 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report presents an overview of current issues related to foreign direct investment in the economy and the development of U.S. policy toward inward and outward direct investment. This report also assesses the role of foreign direct investment in the economy and the costs and benefits of direct investment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: February 17, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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