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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program: Preparing for the "Big One"
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1165/
Disaster Mitigation Assistance Bills in the 106th Congress: Comparison of Provisions
The Administration initiative to shift federal emergency management policy away from a "response and recovery" emphasis has generated little congressional controversy, although some have raised concerns about the cost effectiveness of implementing a mitigation strategy. Greater attention, it is generally argued, should be given to mitigation (loss reduction) efforts before disasters occur in order to reduce future losses. Legislation (H.R. 707, S. 1691) pending before the 106th Congress would amend the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the Stafford Act) which authorizes federal assistance when the President declares that a catastrophe has overwhelmed state and local resources. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1166/
Forest Fire Protection
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1273/
International Disasters: How the United States Responds
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6985/
Terrorism and the Military's Role in Domestic Crisis Management: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1538/
Federal Hiring Flexibilities for Emergency Situations: Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8179/
Small Business Disaster Assistance: Responding to the Terrorist Attacks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1450/
Terrorism: Section by Section Analysis of the USA PATRIOT Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1651/
Bioterrorism: Summary of a CRS/National Health Policy Forum Seminar on Federal, State, and Local Public Health Preparedness
The September 11th attack and subsequent intentional release of anthrax spores via the U.S. postal system have focused policymakers’ attention on the preparedness and response capability of the nation’s public health system. The anthrax attacks put a tremendous strain on the U. S. public health infrastructure, an infrastructure that many experts argue has been weakened by years of neglect and under-funding. To better understand the preparedness gaps that exist, as well as the disparate functions and agencies that define public health in this country, the Congressional Research Service (CRS), in conjunction with George Washington University’s National Health Policy Forum (NHPF), convened a seminar on October 26, 2001, entitled, The U.S. Health Care System: Are State and Local Officials Prepared for Bioterrorism? How Should the Federal Government Assist? digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1592/
Terrorism Preparedness: A Catalog of Federal Assistance Programs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1650/
State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2379/
Bioterrorism: Summary of a CRS/National Health Policy Forum Seminar on Federal, State, and Local Public Health Preparedness
The September 11th attack and subsequent intentional release of anthrax spores via the U.S. postal system have focused policymakers’ attention on the preparedness and response capability of the nation’s public health system. The anthrax attacks put a tremendous strain on the U. S. public health infrastructure, an infrastructure that many experts argue has been weakened by years of neglect and under-funding. To better understand the preparedness gaps that exist, as well as the disparate functions and agencies that define public health in this country, the Congressional Research Service (CRS), in conjunction with George Washington University’s National Health Policy Forum (NHPF), convened a seminar on October 26, 2001, entitled, The U.S. Health Care System: Are State and Local Officials Prepared for Bioterrorism? How Should the Federal Government Assist? digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7010/
FEMA's Mission: Policy Directives for the Federal Emergency Management Agency
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2745/
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) provides assistance to previously employed or self- employed individuals rendered unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular federal/state unemployment insurance (UI). DUA is federally funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), but is administered by the state UI agencies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3234/
State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7019/
Federal Emergency Management Agency Funding for Homeland Security and Other Activities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7022/
Electronic Congress: Proposals and Issues
The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating a capability for a virtual or electronic Congress (e-Congress) that could function in the event of an emergency. Currently, it is unclear exactly how an e-Congress would be constituted and operated; however, a proposal (H.R. 3481) has been introduced to require the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to investigate the feasibility and costs of implementing a computer system for remote voting and communication for Congress to ensure business continuity for congressional operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2307/
Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3417/
Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3419/
State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2380/
Proposed Transfer of FEMA to the Department of Homeland Security
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2788/
The Department of Homeland Security: State and Local Preparedness Issues
Both H.R. 5005 and S. 2452 propose a new Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which would have a number of responsibilities relating to state and local preparedness for potential terrorist attacks. This report discusses selected state and local preparedness issues that specifically pertain to the proposed Emergency Preparedness and Response Division of the new department.1 The report does not, however, discuss certain issues, such as the impact of integrating selected offices from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) into a new DHS,2 and the degree of authority the DHS would need to effectively evaluate state and local assistance programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2783/
Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of Northern Command
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7016/
Farm Disaster Assistance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2618/
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7025/
Department of Homeland Security: State and Local Preparedness Issues
The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) makes the new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) responsible for providing assistance to state and local governments to ensure adequate preparedness for all disasters, including terrorist attacks. Several federal entities with functions relating to state and local preparedness, ranging from entire independent agencies to units of agencies and departments, will be transferred to the new department. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2782/
Transfer of FEMA to the Department of Homeland Security: Issues for Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2793/
Farm Disaster Assistance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2619/
Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3418/
State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Selected Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2381/
Terrorism Preparedness: Catalog of Selected Federal Assistance Programs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4422/
Farm Disaster Assistance
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4429/
Terrorism and the Military's Role in Domestic Crisis Management: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4131/
Electronic Congress: Proposals and Issues
The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating a capability for a virtual or electronic Congress (e-Congress) that could function in the event of an emergency. Currently, it is unclear exactly how an e-Congress would be constituted and operated; however, a proposal (H.R. 3481) has been introduced to require the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to investigate the feasibility and costs of implementing a computer system for remote voting and communication for Congress to ensure business continuity for congressional operations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4039/
Department of Homeland Security: State and Local Preparedness Issues
The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) makes the new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) responsible for providing assistance to state and local governments to ensure adequate preparedness for all disasters, including terrorist attacks. Several federal entities with functions relating to state and local preparedness, ranging from entire independent agencies to units of agencies and departments, will be transferred to the new department. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4600/
Assistance to Firefighters Program
The Assistance to Firefighters Program,1 also known as the FIRE Act grant program, was established by Title XVII of the FY2001 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 106-398). Currently administered by the United States Fire Administration (USFA) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the program provides federal grants directly to local fire departments to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related needs. The FY2004 proposal would place the fire grant program within the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Office for Domestic Preparedness, located within the Border and Transportation Security Directorate. Under this proposal, the Assistance to Firefighters Program would be removed from the USFA, which will remain in the DHS Directorate of Emergency Preparedness and Response. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4430/
Department of Homeland Security: State and Local Preparedness Issues
The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296) makes the new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) responsible for providing assistance to state and local governments to ensure adequate preparedness for all disasters, including terrorist attacks. Several federal entities with functions relating to state and local preparedness, ranging from entire independent agencies to units of agencies and departments, will be transferred to the new department. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4601/
Homeland Security: Establishment and Implementation of Northern Command
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4329/
Emergency Communications: Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
This report has two main sections. In the first section “Identifying Public Safety Needs,” some of the organizations involved with public safety telecommunications are introduced, and key activities dealing with wireless and spectrum issues are summarized. The second main section, “Spectrum for Public Safety,” is organized by the major spectrum bands where public safety wireless communications are in use or planned. These are at: 100-512 MHz; 700 MHz; 800 MHz; 900 MHz and 4.9 GHz. Ultra-wide band (UWB), that broadcasts across a broad range of frequencies, is also discussed. The final section of this report recaps recent activities and legislation in the 107th and 108th Congresses regarding public safety and spectrum use. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5389/
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Bioterrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4286/
Emergency Communications: Meeting Public Safety Spectrum Needs
This report has two main sections. In the first section “Identifying Public Safety Needs,” some of the organizations involved with public safety telecommunications are introduced, and key activities dealing with wireless and spectrum issues are summarized. The second main section, “Spectrum for Public Safety,” is organized by the major spectrum bands where public safety wireless communications are in use or planned. These are at: 100-512 MHz; 700 MHz; 800 MHz; 900 MHz and 4.9 GHz. Ultra-wide band (UWB), that broadcasts across a broad range of frequencies, is also discussed. The final section of this report recaps recent activities and legislation in the 107th and 108th Congresses regarding public safety and spectrum use. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5390/
Disaster Relief and Response: FY2003 Supplemental Appropriations
On July 7, 2003, President Bush submitted a second supplemental appropriations request to Congress for FY2003. The request seeks $1.889 billion for three disaster relief activities: $289 million for wildfire suppression and rehabilitation carried out by the Departments of Agriculture and the Interior, $1.550 billion for disaster relief administered by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and $50 million for the investigation and recovery associated with the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. For the most part, Members of Congress evince support for the disaster relief funding request; however, some debate has occurred on other funding sought, notably funding for AmeriCorps grants. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4423/
Disaster Relief and Response: FY2003 Supplemental Appropriations
On July 7, 2003, President Bush submitted a second supplemental appropriations request to Congress for FY2003. The request seeks $1.889 billion for three disaster relief activities: $289 million for wildfire suppression and rehabilitation carried out by the Departments of Agriculture and the Interior, $1.550 billion for disaster relief administered by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and $50 million for the investigation and recovery associated with the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. For the most part, Members of Congress evince support for the disaster relief funding request; however, some debate has occurred on other funding sought, notably funding for AmeriCorps grants. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4424/
Homeland Security Advisory System: Possible Issues for Congressional Oversight
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4296/
Emergency Electronic Communications in Congress: Proposals and Issues
The events of September 11, 2001, and the subsequent anthrax incidents have prompted some observers to suggest creating an emergency electronic communications system for Congress to ensure continuity of its operations. On July 25, 2003, Representative James R. Langevin introduced H.R. 2948. The bill would direct the Comptroller General of the United States to enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the Librarian of Congress for conducting a study on the feasibility and costs of implementing such a system for Congress to use during an emergency. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4040/
Homeland Security: Federal Assistance Funding and Business Opportunities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4427/
Disaster Relief and Response: FY2003 Supplemental Appropriations
On July 25, 2003, the House approved a supplemental appropriations measure (H.R. 2859) that provides $983.6 million for the Disaster Relief Fund administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). During debate Members rejected an amendment to require a rescission from discretionary accounts to compensate for the supplemental. On July 31 the Senate approved the House-passed version of H.R. 2859. The President signed the Emergency Supplemental Appropriation for Disaster Relief Act of 2003 (P.L. 108-69) on August 8, 2003. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4425/
Homeland Security Extramural R&D Funding Opportunities in Federal Agencies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4644/
Homeland Security: Federal Assistance Funding and Business Opportunities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4428/
Agricultural Disaster Assistance
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers several permanently authorized programs to help farmers recover financially from a natural disaster, including federal crop insurance, the non-insured assistance program and emergency disaster loans. In recent years, Congress frequently has made supplemental financial assistance available to farmers and ranchers on an ad-hoc basis, most notably in the form of direct crop disaster payments and emergency livestock assistance. Congress provided an estimated $3.1 billion of such assistance in the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2003 (P.L. 108-7) for 2001 and 2002 crop and livestock losses. Some farm groups would like to see similar assistance provided for 2003 losses, particularly in regions of the Midwest and West that have experienced prolonged drought conditions. To date, no ad-hoc assistance has been made available for 2003 losses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7072/
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