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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Head Start: Background and Funding

Head Start: Background and Funding

Date: September 11, 2000
Creator: Butler, Alice & Gish, Melinda
Description: This report examines the history of federal funding for Head Start, which has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Reauthorization of the Promoting Safe and Stable Families Program in the 107th Congress

Child Welfare: Reauthorization of the Promoting Safe and Stable Families Program in the 107th Congress

Date: January 24, 2002
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie & Spar, Karen
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of the Promoting Safe and Stable Families Amendments of 2001. The new law maintains the FY2001 mandatory funding level, authorizes additional discretionary funding, and grants new program authority to provide mentoring services for children of prisoners. In addition, the enacted legislation allows states to use Promoting Safe and Stable Families funds for infant "safe haven" programs, provides for reallocation of unused program funds, clarifies language defining family support programs, and gives more explicit instructions to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) regarding use of funds set aside for research, evaluation and technical assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Distribution of Child Support Collections

Distribution of Child Support Collections

Date: March 4, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses child support distribution policy. The general rules in effect as of October 1, 2000 are that child support collected during the time a family receives cash welfare belongs to the state; current child support and arrearages (past-due payments) that are owed to a family that is no longer receiving welfare belongs to the family; and child support owed to a family that never received welfare belongs to the family.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

Date: April 7, 2003
Creator: Butler, Alice & Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discusses several federal programs support child care for low-income families, the principal being a federal block grant program: The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG). The CCDBG is administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and provides allotments to states, according to a formula, which are used to subsidize the child care expenses of low-income families with children under age 13.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: May 13, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children. S. 151, the Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today (PROTECT) Act, which was signed into law (P.L. 108-21) by the President on April 30, 2003, contains provisions related to missing and exploited children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: August 1, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: August 6, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children. S. 151, the Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today (PROTECT) Act, which was signed into law (P.L. 108-21) by the President on April 30, 2003, contains provisions related to missing and exploited children. Exploitation of Children Today (PROTECT) Act, which was signed into law (P.L. 108-21) by the President on April 30, 2003, contains provisions related to missing and exploited children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 11, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: Child welfare services are intended to protect children who have been abused or neglected or are at risk of maltreatment. These services take various forms, ranging from counseling and other supports for parents — which are intended to improve child well-being and prevent child abuse and neglect — to removal of the children from their homes. At the most extreme, these services include termination of parental rights and placement of the children for adoption. This report describes child welfare legislative issues in the 108th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 14, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: September 26, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Date: February 24, 2004
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: This report discusses supplemental educational services in the general sense, which include educational activities provided outside of normal school hours that are designed to augment or enhance the educational services provided during regular periods of instruction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs, including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Issues

Head Start: Background and Issues

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discusses the federal "Head Start" program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965. The Head Start program has received increases of varying levels over the past two decades.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Scott, Christine; Stone-Axelrad, Julie & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report describes the proposal and provides an estimate of the cost or savings based on publicly available information. The report provides a brief background for the proposal and provides a listing of current Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports related to the proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals

Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals

Date: June 9, 2005
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Scott, Christine; Stone-Axelrad, Julie & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report describes the proposal and provides an estimate of the cost or savings based on publicly available information. The report provides a brief background for the proposal and provides a listing of current Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports related to the proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: Federal support for child care comes in many forms, ranging from grant programs to tax provisions. Some programs serve as specifically dedicated funding sources for child care services (e.g., the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG)), while for others (e.g., Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)), child care is just one of many purposes for which funds may be used. This report discusses budget proposals in areas related to child care and early childhood development in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Issues

Head Start: Background and Issues

Date: November 10, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discusses federal program called head start program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965. The Head Start program has received increases of varying levels over the past two decades.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Program Reauthorizations and Recent and FY2006 Proposed Funding Levels

Child Welfare: Program Reauthorizations and Recent and FY2006 Proposed Funding Levels

Date: November 29, 2005
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report discusses current funding levels for child welfare programs, intended to protect children from abuse and neglect and to ensure their well-being. In FY2005 the federal government appropriated $7.8 billion for these purposes. Most of this funding is made available to states through open-ended entitlement programs or as formula grants and is authorized under Title IV-E and Title IV-B of the Social Security Act or under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Date: January 19, 2006
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs, including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. It also discusses federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Side-by-Side Comparison of Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005

Side-by-Side Comparison of Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005

Date: January 30, 2006
Creator: Tritz, Karen; Tilson, Sybil; Stone, Julie; Peterson, Chris L.; O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Morgan, Paulette C. et al.
Description: From the summary: "This report provides a comparison of Medicare, Medicaid and State Child Health Insurance Program provisions contained in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (S. 1932) as amended and passed by the Senate. The report compares the bill's provisions with current law."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: FY2007 Budget Issues

Medicaid and SCHIP: FY2007 Budget Issues

Date: February 13, 2006
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report provides information on Medicaid and State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: December 27, 2006
Creator: Fairman Cooper, Edith
Description: The impact on children of domestic violence was an issue of interest in the 109th Congress. The first session of the 109th Congress ended with the passage of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-162), which contained new initiatives to address concerns about children and youth exposed to and victimized by domestic violence. This report discusses existing federal programs and initiatives that have been established to assist such children and youth, and new provisions enacted in P.L. 109-162.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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