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 Country: United States
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

The Economic Implications of the Long-Term Federal Budget Outlook

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report analyzes the long-run path of the federal budget. The United States is projected to undergo a demographic shift as the aging of the baby boomers causes an unprecedented increase in the fraction of the population that is retired. Coupled with rising life expectancy, this means, under current policy, a steady increase in the portion of the population that is both out of the workforce and receiving social insurance benefits from the government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: A Possible Role for Congress

Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: A Possible Role for Congress

Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morelli, Vincent
Description: This report focuses on the creation of the Transatlantic Economic Council; the role of legislatures in the regulatory process; and the Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue and its new role as an advisor to transatlantic regulatory efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Cost of Living Adjustments: Some Economic and Practical Considerations

Automatic Cost of Living Adjustments: Some Economic and Practical Considerations

Date: January 11, 2010
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: This report looks at how automatic cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) influence the budget and identifies major programs that have indexing provisions. It also explains what price indexes attempt to measure and discusses some of their weaknesses. Finally, it points out some practical things to keep in mind when establishing an indexing provision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Creation Programs of the Great Depression: the WPA and the CCC

Job Creation Programs of the Great Depression: the WPA and the CCC

Date: January 14, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report first describes the social policy environment in which the 1930s job creation programs were developed and examines the reasons for their shortcomings then and as models for current-day countercyclical employment measures. It then provides a brief overview of the two job creation programs of the Depression-era that Members of Congress have asked about most frequently: the Works Progress or Projects Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath.
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Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses the merit of various business tax incentives and their effectiveness in providing fiscal stimulus during the recession. The two most common measures to provide business tax incentives for new investment are investment tax credits and accelerated deductions for depreciation.
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Economic Downturns and Crime

Economic Downturns and Crime

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report examines the relationships between selected variables of economic strength and crime. It begins with an overview of crime rates during times of economic recession in the United States. It then reviews the existing literature in the field analyzing various data sets that examine whether the unemployment rate and foreclosures can be related to increases in the national crime rate.
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The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
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Government Interventions in Response to Financial Turmoil

Government Interventions in Response to Financial Turmoil

Date: February 1, 2010
Creator: Webel, Baird & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report reviews new programs introduced and other actions taken by the Treasury, Federal Reserve, and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in response to the recent financial crisis. It does not cover longstanding programs such as the Fed's discount window and FDIC receivership of failed banks.
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The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report provides a historical account and analysis of the crisis through January 2010. While business contraction appears to have abated, unemployment is shown to be on the rise and many businesses and countries are still facing difficulties.
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Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: February 5, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
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Foreign Direct Investment: Current Issues

Foreign Direct Investment: Current Issues

Date: February 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report presents an overview of current issues related to foreign direct investment in the economy and the development of U.S. policy toward inward and outward direct investment. This report also assesses the role of foreign direct investment in the economy and the costs and benefits of direct investment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: February 16, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, an historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Accelerated Vehicle Retirement for Fuel Economy: "Cash for Clunkers"

Accelerated Vehicle Retirement for Fuel Economy: "Cash for Clunkers"

Date: March 3, 2010
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D. & Canis, Bill
Description: This report outlines the key provisions of the Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save (CARS) program established by P.L. 111-32, which provide rebates to prospective purchasers toward the purchase of new, fuel-efficient vehicles, provided the trade-in vehicles are scrapped. It discusses the impact of the program on the economy and also summarizes similar programs in other industrial countries.
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Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Running Deficits: Positives and Pitfalls

Date: March 10, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses how deficit finance can help governments manage their economies and how large and persistent deficits can lead to severe economic problems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

Date: March 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and its role in changes to U.S. laws related to bribery, tax havens.
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U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options

U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options

Date: March 11, 2010
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: his report explores the significance and state of U.S.-Japan economic ties; how the ties have changed over time; and what the possible options for managing the relationship might be.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Financial Crisis: Impact on and Response by The European Union

The Financial Crisis: Impact on and Response by The European Union

Date: March 17, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the European Union's response to the global financial crisis. As the crisis has ebbed, coordination among European capitals and between Europe and the United States has become more elusive and growing differences threaten the adoption of a coordinated long-term solution to regulatory reform and coordination of financial policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Future of U.S. Trade Policy: An Analysis of Issues and Options for the 111th Congress

The Future of U.S. Trade Policy: An Analysis of Issues and Options for the 111th Congress

Date: March 24, 2010
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report provides analysis of U.S. trade policy including factors that make up the current economic and political climate, grade issues, the depate over U.S. trade policy. It concludes with an examination of some of the options available to Congress and the pros and cons of each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Inflation: Causes, Costs, and Current Status

Inflation: Causes, Costs, and Current Status

Date: March 29, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses inflation including its causes and effect on the economy. In particular, it brings together broad knowledge from economists to discuss the real costs of inflation on the economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: March 31, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses two of the four major responsibilities of the Federal Reserve (Fed) as the nation's central bank: execution of monetary policy and ensuring financial stability through the lender of last resort function. This report provides an overview of these mandates and activities, recent developments, and the role of Congressional oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Development Administration: Reauthorization and Funding Issues in the 111th Congress

Economic Development Administration: Reauthorization and Funding Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: April 2, 2010
Creator: Gonzales, Oscar R. & Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report discusses the economic development program re-authorization issues and appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Authoritative Resources on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)

Authoritative Resources on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)

Date: April 5, 2010
Creator: Klarman, Kim W. & Jennings, Julie
Description: List containing authoritative resources to assist in responding to a broad range of questions and concerns about the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), P.L. 111-5. It includes links to the full text of the act, Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates, White House fact sheets, and federal, state, and municipal government websites are included, along with other useful information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

Date: April 6, 2010
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Weiss, Martin A. & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report analyzes Africa's vulnerability to the global crisis and potential implications for economic growth, poverty alleviation, fiscal balances, and political stability. The report describes channels through which the crisis is affecting Africa, and provides information on international efforts to address the impact, including U.S. policies and those of multilateral institutions in which the United States plays a major role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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