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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
What Effects Would the Expiration of the 2001 and 2003 Tax Cuts Have on the Economy?

What Effects Would the Expiration of the 2001 and 2003 Tax Cuts Have on the Economy?

Date: October 5, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: In 2001 and 2003, Congress enacted major tax cuts (popularly referred to as the "Bush tax cuts"), the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. Congress is currently debating whether to extend some or all of these tax cuts that are scheduled to expire at the end of 2010. This report discusses the two main economic arguments against allowing the tax cuts to expire as scheduled, using historical evidence and by examining the current economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Issues and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill: Legal Analysis of Payments and Tax Relief Policy Options

Tax Issues and the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill: Legal Analysis of Payments and Tax Relief Policy Options

Date: October 14, 2010
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.; Lunder, Erika K. & Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report will briefly discuss existing disaster-related tax provisions and their application to the recent Depewater Horizon oil rig explosion and subsequent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The report then provides an analysis of the tax treatment of the BP payments to the individuals and businesses impacted by the oil spill as well as various policy options for providing tax relief to oil spill victims, highlighting the circumstantial differences between previous natural disasters and the current oil spill. The report concludes with a brief summary of current legislative efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: October 27, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: The George W. Bush Administration enacted a series of tax cuts through the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. This report examines these tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Raising the Tax Rates on High-Income Taxpayers: Pros and Cons

Raising the Tax Rates on High-Income Taxpayers: Pros and Cons

Date: November 5, 2010
Creator: Noto, Nonna A.
Description: This report focuses on the debate over whether the top two marginal tax rates should be permitted to rise back to their 2001 levels, once the temporary tax provisions known as the "Bush tax cuts" expire on December 31, 2010. The report discusses arguments for and against raising the tax rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: The George W. Bush Administration enacted a series of tax cuts through the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. This report examines these tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

The Bush Tax Cuts and the Economy

Date: December 8, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: The George W. Bush Administration enacted a series of tax cuts through the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 and the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003. This report examines these tax cuts within the context of the current and long-term economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reform of U.S. International Taxation: Alternatives

Reform of U.S. International Taxation: Alternatives

Date: December 17, 2010
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report describes and assesses the principal prescriptions that have been offered for broad reform of the current U.S. system for taxing international businesses. The report begins with an overview of current law and of possible revisions. It then sets the framework for considering economic efficiency as well as tax shelter activities. Finally, it reviews alternative approaches to revision in light of those issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Expenditures

Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Expenditures

Date: January 10, 2011
Creator: Frittelli, John
Description: In 1986, the Harbor Maintenance Tax (HMT) was enacted to fund U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' (USACE or the Corps) activities related to the routine operation and maintenance (O&M) of harbors, namely the dredging of harbor channels to their authorized depths and widths. Economic and equity issues related to HMT expenditures and collections are the main focus of this report. Before analyzing these issues, the report reviews the legislative history of the tax and legal challenges to it, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of alternative funding mechanisms, and describes the commercial context of current dredging activity. The last section identifies legislation related to harbor maintenance funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Decisions in the House and Senate on Social Security: 1935-2010

Major Decisions in the House and Senate on Social Security: 1935-2010

Date: January 12, 2011
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report responds to the many inquiries that CRS gets for Social Security vote information, which range from requests for general information about legislative action over the years to requests for information about specific floor amendments. It is intended to be a reference document on the major statutory decisions made by Congress on the Social Security program. A detailed table of contents and a summary table of the legislation discussed are provided to aid the reader.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report primarily covers fundamental tax reform. CRS reports are available online concerning the other three categories of tax reform: tax reform based on the elimination of the individual alternative minimum tax (AMT), proposals for reforming the corporate income tax, and proposals for reforming the U.S. taxation of international business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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