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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
NATO Burdensharing and Kosovo: A Preliminary Report
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1140/
Twenty-five Largest Mergers and Acquisitions by Corporations: 1998
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818120/
Medicaid and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP): Provisions in the Consolidated Appropriations Act for FY2000
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818711/
Private Elementary and Secondary Schools and Students: Numbers and Characteristics
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc818158/
Social Security: Fact Sheet on Changes in the Retirement Age
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc812894/
Federal Regulatory Reform: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc820023/
EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES: GRANTS AND SALES TO ALLIES AND FRIENDLY COUNTRIES
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc820193/
Appropriations for FY2000: Legislative Branch
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Legislative Branch Appropriations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1116/
Campaign Finance Bills in the 106th Congress: Comparison of Shays-Meehan, as passed, with McCain-Feingold, as considered
On September 14, 1999, the House passed the Shays-Meehan bill--H.R. 417, the Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act of 1999, as amended, by a vote of 252-177. Senate sponsors of the companion measure, S. 26 (McCain-Feingold), revised their proposal and, on September 16, introduced S. 1593, containing just four sections of H.R. 417 and S. 26. The Senate debated S. 1593 from October 13-20, culminating in unsuccessful cloture votes October 19 on two amendments: Daschle amendment 2298, substituting text nearly identical to the House-passed H.R. 417; and Reid amendment 2229 (a perfecting amendment to no. 2298), substituting text of S. 1593 as offered, plus McCain amendment 2294 (adopted October 14), which added certain disclosure requirements. This report compares provisions of the House-passed bill with the one considered by the Senate in October 1999. No further updates are planned. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1160/
Campaign Finance Debate in the 106th Congress: Comparison of Measures Under House Consideration
On September 14, the House passed H.R. 417 on a vote of 252-177, as amended by three perfecting amendments: Bereuter/Wicker #6; Faleomavaega #1; and Sweeney #21. This report features two tables. Table 1 summarizes and compares the ten perfecting amendments, current law, and the Shays-Meehan proposal. Table 2 summarizes and compares current law, the Shays-Meehan bill, and the three substitute amendments. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1155/
Campaign Financing
This is one report in the series of reports that discuss the campaign finance practices and related issues. Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. The report talks about the today’s paramount issues such as perceived loopholes in current law and the longstanding issues: overall costs, funding sources, and competition. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1152/
Energy Tax Policy: An Economic Analysis
The report provides background on the theory and application of tax policy as it relates to the energy sector, particularly with respect to the theory of market failure in the energy sector and the suggested policy remedies. This background provides a context for understanding how current or proposed energy tax policy may affect other policy objectives or be affected by such objectives. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1311/
State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1173/
Agricultural Export and Food Aid Programs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc822299/
Federal Crop Insurance: Issues in the 106th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc805570/
The Glass Ceiling: A Fact Sheet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc811940/
Iran: U.S. Policy and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1228/
Iran: U.S. Policy and Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc819005/
The Natural Resources and Environment Function in the FY2000 Federal Budget: A Description of Programs and Funding
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1274/
Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810356/
Agriculture: A List of Websites
This list provides a sampling of the rapidly proliferating number of agricultural resources available on the Internet. It is not intended to be exhaustive. It is divided into 27 categories. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1060/
The Consumer Price Index: Recent Improvements and Prospective Changes
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc811243/
Supplemental Security Income (SSI): Fraud Reduction Provisions in the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc808744/
Budget FY2000: A Chronology with Internet Access
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc816027/
User Fees: Applicable Budget Enforcement Procedures
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc814729/
Electricity Restructuring and Tax-Exempt Bonds: Economic Analysis of Legislative Proposals
Tax-exempt bonds reduce public power's interest cost on debt and enable it to lower the price of electricity. This subsidy makes taxpayers better off only if the private market fails to provide the correct amount of electricity. In general, the private market can provide the correct amount of electricity; in those cases when it can not, the tax-exempt bond subsidy is unlikely to correct the problem. Tax-exempt bond legislation has been consistent with this perspective that an interest subsidy for electricity production does not correct a market failure; its focus has been to prohibit the spread of subsidized public power beyond its traditional service areas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1222/
Appropriations for FY2000: Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary and Related Agencies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1200/
Child Labor and the International Labor Organization (ILO)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806675/
S. 625, The Bankruptcy Reform Act, in the Senate: Selected Amendments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815392/
Appropriations for FY2004: Energy and Water Development
This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc795872/
AIR QUALITY AND ELECTRICITY: ENFORCING NEW SOURCE REVIEW
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815465/
Congress and the Fusion Energy Sciences Program: A Historical Analysis
The U.S. government has been funding research into controlled thermonuclear fusion since 1951. Since 1957, when the program was declassified, a public record is available in the form of appropriations and authorization reports presenting congressional decisions about fusion research. This report analyzes that record in order to assess how the program may fare in the future. The program recently underwent a major restructuring at the direction of Congress, and is currently establishing plans about how to proceed toward the goal of developing a practical fusion powerplant. These plans are likely to be the subject of close congressional scrutiny during review of the FY2001 budget request from the Department of Energy digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1174/
Food and Drug Administration: Selected Funding and Policy Issues for FY2000
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1192/
Debt Reduction: Initiatives for the Most Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
This report offers a broad overview of the debate concerning debt reduction for poor developing countries. It profiles the scope and structure of debt and reviews previous debt relief strategies and the current HIPC Initiative. It analyzes and compares competing alternatives endorsed by the Administration, congressional activists, NGOs, and other G-7 governments. Several key issues, such as costs, impact, and conditionality, of pending proposals are also assessed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1259/
Ecuador’s Brady Bond Default: Background and Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815393/
Federal Grazing Regulations: Public Lands Council v. Babbitt
This report discusses new regulations on livestock grazing on lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management became effective August 21, 1995. Many aspects of the new regulations were challenged in Public Lands Council v. Babbitt. A federal district court upheld many of the regulations, but struck down four of them and enjoined their implementation. At the appellate level, only the new regulation allowing conservation use to the exclusion of livestock grazing for the full term of a permit was held invalid. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear the case and argument has been set for March 1, 2000. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1065/
Going to Conference in the Senate
This report discusses the steps that the Senate must take, and one more step that it may take, as it arranges to send a bill to conference committee. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1112/
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1337/
Medicare Beneficiary Access to Care: The Effects of New Prospective Payment Systems on Outpatient Hospital Care, Home Health Care, and Skilled Nursing Facility Care
This report discusses the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA 97), which required that prospective payment systems replace retrospective cost-based reimbursement systems for Medicare beneficiaries receiving care in hospital outpatient departments, from home health care agencies, and in skilled nursing facilities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1047/
NAFTA: Estimated U.S. Job “Gains” and “Losses” by State Over 5½ Years
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc820130/
Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1113/
Senate Committees: Categories and Rules for Committee Assignments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc813401/
EPA's Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Program: Highlights of Proposed Changes and Impacts on Agriculture
In August 1999 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed regulations to clarify and strengthen the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) program under section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act. Section 303(d) requires states to identify surface waters for which wastewater discharge limits are not stringent enough to achieve water quality standards and to allocate further required pollutant reductions among sources in order to attain those standards. This report discusses the major changes in EPA's proposals, compared with existing regulatory program requirements, and potential impacts on agriculture and forestry sources, which have been controversial. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1125/
Global Climate Change: The Role for Energy Efficiency
This report reviews the role of energy efficiency in federal policies to curb CO2 emissions. In particular, it discusses targets for CO2 reductions, projected energy efficiency impacts, strategies for measuring impacts, and legislative proposals that would affect support for energy efficiency programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1069/
Appropriations for FY2000: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1196/
Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money
Soft money is a major issue in the campaign finance reform debate because these generally unregulated funds are perceived as resulting from a loophole in the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). Generally, soft money is funds that are raised and spent according to applicable state laws, which FECA prohibits from being spent directly on federal elections, but that may have an indirect influence on federal elections. This Issue Brief discusses three major types of soft money: political party soft money, corporate and labor union soft money, and soft money used for issue advocacy communications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1153/
State Department and Related Agencies FY2000 Appropriations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc805761/
NATO Applicant States: A Status Report
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1139/
Madrid Protocol Implementation Act: Overview of H.R. 769
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc807766/
Trade Legislation in the 106th Congress: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1335/
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