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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2006
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Proposed Federal Income Tax Exclusion for Civilians Serving in Combat Zones

Proposed Federal Income Tax Exclusion for Civilians Serving in Combat Zones

Date: January 10, 2006
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Internal Revenue Service's Use of Private Debt Collection Agencies: Current Status and Issues for Congress

The Internal Revenue Service's Use of Private Debt Collection Agencies: Current Status and Issues for Congress

Date: January 11, 2006
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: Under the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (AJCA, P.L. 108-357), the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has acquired for the second time in its history the legal authority to hire private debt collection agencies (PCAs) to assist in the collection of certain individual tax debt. The grant of authority grew out of a proposal made by the Bush Administration in its budget request for the IRS in both FY2004 and FY2005. This report focuses on IRS’s current plan for hiring PCAs to collect delinquent individual taxes and the policy issues it raises. It begins with an examination of the scope of IRS’s authority to use PCAs under the AJCA and concludes with a discussion of the main issues for Congress as it oversees IRS’s efforts to implement and manage the private tax debt collection initiative. The report will be updated to reflect significant legislative action and new developments related to the initiative
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Higher Education Tax Credits: An Economic Analysis

Higher Education Tax Credits: An Economic Analysis

Date: January 17, 2006
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: This report provides analysis of the education tax credit program in the context of issues facing Congress in regard to higher education. This report begins with a review of the economic rationale for subsidizing education, then describes federal subsidies for education in general and the education tax credits in particular. An analysis of the education credits follows and the report concludes with a discussion of education tax credit policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues

Date: January 19, 2006
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G & Maguire, Steven
Description: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA, P.L. 107-16) repeals the estate tax in 2010. During the phase-out period, the new law increases the exempt amount to $3.5 million by 2009 ($1.5 million in 2005), lowers the top rate to 45% by 2007 (the top rate in 2005 is 47%), and repeals the federal credit for state death taxes in 2005. The federal gift tax remains though the rate is reduced to the top personal income tax rate (35% in 2005). After repeal of the estate tax, carryover basis replaces step-up in basis for assets transferred at death. The legislation includes an exemption from carryover basis for capital gains of $1.3 million (and an additional $3 million for a surviving spouse). However, the estate tax provision in EGTRRA automatically sunsets December 31, 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brief Facts and Statistics

Brief Facts and Statistics

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report provides facts and statistics about Social Security that are frequently requested by Members of Congress and their staffs. It includes information about Social Security taxes and benefits, the program's impact on its recipients' incomes, federal tax receipts, federal spending and the economy, administrative information, and selected facts about Medicare.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 109th Congress

Internet Taxation: Issues and Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: February 2, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven & Noto, Nonna A
Description: This report discusses issues of state and local taxation of Internet transactions because commerce conducted by parties in different states over the Internet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Benefits for Health Insurance: Current Legislation

Tax Benefits for Health Insurance: Current Legislation

Date: February 6, 2006
Creator: Lyke, Bob
Description: This report discusses a variety of potential proposals to change the tax benefits for health insurance and medical expenses, including measures that would expand the availability and attractiveness of health savings accounts (HSAs), or employer tax credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Treatment of the Use of Employer-Provided Aircraft for Entertainment: Current Law and Issues for Congress

Tax Treatment of the Use of Employer-Provided Aircraft for Entertainment: Current Law and Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2006
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

The Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement: A Brief Description

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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