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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2005
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants

Clean Water Act and Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) of Pollutants

Date: January 4, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act requires states to identify waters that are impaired by pollution, even after application of pollution controls. For those waters, states must establish a total maximum daily load (TMDL) of pollutants to ensure that water quality standards can be attained. Implementation of this provision has been dormant until recently, when states and EPA were prodded by numerous lawsuits. The TMDL issue has become controversial, in part because of requirements and costs now facing states to implement a 25-year-old provision of the law. Congressional activity to reauthorize the Act, a possibility in the 2nd Session of the 105th Congress, could include TMDL issues, but the direction for any such action is unclear at this time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia & Cody, Betsy A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Western Water Resource Issues

Western Water Resource Issues

Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: Cody, Betsy A & Sheikh, Pervaze A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
CALFED Bay-Delta Program: Overview of Institutional and Water Use Issues

CALFED Bay-Delta Program: Overview of Institutional and Water Use Issues

Date: February 2, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A & Cody, Betsy A
Description: The California Bay-Delta Program (CALFED) was initiated in 1995 to resolve water resources conflicts in the Sacramento/San Joaquin Rivers Delta and San Francisco Bay (Bay-Delta) in California. The program planning effort focused on developing a plan to address three main problem areas in the Bay-Delta: ecosystem health, water quality, and water supply reliability. CALFED was authorized to receive federal funding from FY1998 to FY2000, and is now being considered for reauthorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nationwide Permits for Wetlands Projects: Issues and Regulatory Developments

Nationwide Permits for Wetlands Projects: Issues and Regulatory Developments

Date: February 2, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Florida Ecosystem Restoration and the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

South Florida Ecosystem Restoration and the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Date: February 2, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A & Carter, Nicole T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Date: February 4, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arsenic in Drinking Water: Regulatory Develpoments and Issues

Arsenic in Drinking Water: Regulatory Develpoments and Issues

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses issues regarding the arsenic’s health effects and how to reduce the uncertainty in assessing health risks associated with exposure to low levels of arsenic. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the current standard of 50 parts per billion (ppb) in 1975. . This report reviews EPA efforts to develop a new arsenic rule and summarizes key provisions and subsequent events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stormwater Permits: Status of EPA's Regulatory Program

Stormwater Permits: Status of EPA's Regulatory Program

Date: February 8, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Everglades Restoration: The Federal Role in Funding

Everglades Restoration: The Federal Role in Funding

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A & Carter, Nicole T
Description: In 2000, Congress approved a 30-year, $7.8 billion restoration plan, termed the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP), for the Everglades ecosystem in southern Florida, and authorized an initial set of projects at a cost of $1.4 billion. This report provides information on federal appropriations for Everglades restoration, and discusses some issues related to the authorization and appropriations for restoration projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Date: March 14, 2005
Creator: Resources, Science, and Industry Division
Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment. These projects and programs are found primarily within the Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Commerce, Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Department of the Interior (DOI), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration: The Recommended Corps Plan

Coastal Louisiana Ecosystem Restoration: The Recommended Corps Plan

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: The Corps estimates that this entire package of recommended activities would cost a total of $1,996 million. Included in this package are recommendations for immediate authorization ($1,123 million), further authorized investigation ($145 million), and projects that could be authorized in the future ($728 million). This CRS short report is limited to a summary of this Corps report and the next steps in implementation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Date: April 20, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Date: April 25, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia & Cody, Betsy A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Infrastructure Needs and Investment: Review and Analysis of Key Issues

War Infrastructure Needs and Investment: Review and Analysis of Key Issues

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia & Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Infrastructure Needs and Investment: Review and Analysis of Key Issues

War Infrastructure Needs and Investment: Review and Analysis of Key Issues

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Copeland, Claudia & Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydropower Licenses and Alternative Licensing Conditions in H.R. 6, 109th Congress

Hydropower Licenses and Alternative Licensing Conditions in H.R. 6, 109th Congress

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Powers, Kyna
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Issues in the 109th Congress

Water Resources Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 10, 2005
Creator: Cody, Betsy A & Hughes, H. Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Program Overview and Issues

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Program Overview and Issues

Date: June 14, 2005
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: In the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996 (P.L. 104-182), Congress authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to protect public health. Under the program, states receive capitalization grants to make loans to water systems for drinking water projects and certain other SDWA activities. Since the program was first funded in FY1997, Congress has provided $7.8 billion, including roughly $844 million for FY2005. The President has requested $850 million for FY2006. Through June 2004, the DWSRF program had provided $7.9 billion in assistance and had supported 6,500 projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Soil and Water Conservation Issues

Date: June 15, 2005
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Great Lakes Water Withdrawal: Legal and Policy Issues

Great Lakes Water Withdrawal: Legal and Policy Issues

Date: June 20, 2005
Creator: Viña, Stephen R. & Sheikh, Pervaze A.
Description: Report discussing the legal and policy issues regarding the Great Lakes region of the United States. According to the Summary: "This report describes the characteristics of the Great Lakes, the interests they support, and possible threats to lake levels. It analyzes the current laws and policies that regulate the diversion, withdrawal, and consumptive use of water from the Great Lakes. Also included is a discussion of the draft Agreement and Compact and the various positions voiced by interest groups. This report concludes with a general discussion on the relationship between compacts, federal law, and the Congress."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Upper Mississippi River System: Proposals to Restore an Inland Waterway’s Ecosystem

Upper Mississippi River System: Proposals to Restore an Inland Waterway’s Ecosystem

Date: June 23, 2005
Creator: Powers, Kyna & Carter, Nicole T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Flood Insurance: The Repetitive Loss Problem

Federal Flood Insurance: The Repetitive Loss Problem

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Everglades Restoration: The Federal Role in Funding

Everglades Restoration: The Federal Role in Funding

Date: August 23, 2005
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: In 2000, Congress approved a 30-year, $7.8 billion restoration plan, termed the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP), for the Everglades ecosystem in southern Florida, and authorized an initial set of projects at a cost of $1.4 billion. This report provides information on federal appropriations for Everglades restoration, and discusses some issues related to the authorization and appropriations for restoration projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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