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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2003
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Animal Agriculture: Issues in the 107th Congress

Animal Agriculture: Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: January 2, 2003
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Description: A variety of animal agriculture issues, including prices, the impact of consolidation in the meat production/packing industry, trade, and the environmental impacts of large feedlots, continue to generate interest in Congress. This issue brief discusses these issues, as well as the 2002 farm bill, which contains several provisions affecting animal agriculture, including protections for contract growers, disaster assistance, country-of-origin labeling, and increased funding for conservation purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Export Administration Act: Controversy and Prospects

The Export Administration Act: Controversy and Prospects

Date: January 2, 2003
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F
Description: The 108th Congress again is expected to consider legislation to rewrite or to reauthorize the Export Administration Act (EAA). In the 107th Congress, the Export Administration Act of 2001 (S. 149) was introduced on January 23, 2001. The Senate passed S. 149 on September 6, 2001 by a vote of 85-14. A companion version in the House, H.R. 2581, was introduced by Rep. Gilman on July 20, 2001. The House International Relations Committee reported the measure with 35 amendments on August 1. The House Armed Services Committee further amended H.R. 2581 and reported out the bill on March 6, 2002. The difficulty in passing a comprehensive rewrite of the EAA has resulted, in part, from the continuing tension between national security and commercial concerns. Industry groups, proponents of heightened export controls, the Administration, and Congress have all participated in the reauthorization debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export Administration Act of 1979 Reauthorization

Export Administration Act of 1979 Reauthorization

Date: January 2, 2003
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F; Shuey, Robert; Elwell, Craig K & Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: The Export Administration Act of 2001 was introduced on January 23, 2001. Hearings were held by the Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committee, and the bill was reported for consideration by the full Senate by a vote of 19-1 to March 22, 2001. A companion version in the House, H.R. 2581, was introduced by Rep. Gilmanon July 20, 2001. The House International Relations Committee reported the measure with 35 amendments on August 1. The Export Administration Act of 1979 expired on August 20, 2001, however the President extended export control authority and the Export Administration Regulations by invoking the International Emergency Economic Powers Act. During the 106th Congress, both houses held hearings on export control legislation and the Senate Banking Committee voted to adopt the Export Administration Act of 1999 (S. 1712, reported on October 8, 1999, S.Rept. 106-180).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 107th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: January 3, 2003
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: In the 107th Congress, the most prominent air quality issue has been whether state and federal regulations designed to protect air quality are having a negative impact on energy production, and, if so, whether legislation should be enacted to reform such regulations. The early discussion focused primarily on California, but with the release of the Administration’s energy policy recommendations in May 2001 and subsequent congressional action, attention shifted to issues more national in scope.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion: Legislative Response

Abortion: Legislative Response

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Lewis, Karen J.
Description: The primary focus of this issue brief is legislative action in the 107th Congress with respect to abortion. However, discussion of those legislative proposals necessarily involves a brief discussion of the leading U.S. Supreme Court decisions concerning a woman’s right to choose whether to terminate her pregnancy. For a more detailed discussion of the relevant case law, see CRS Report 95-724, Abortion Law Development: A Brief Overview.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: McCarthy, James E & Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Partial-Birth Abortion: Recent Developments in the Law

Partial-Birth Abortion: Recent Developments in the Law

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Safe Drinking Water Act: State Revolving Fund Program

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Burke, Vee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: January 8, 2003
Creator: Lee, Rensselaer & Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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