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 Year: 2003
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action

Iraq: Divergent Views on Military Action

Date: January 2, 2003
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade: Key Issues for the 108th Congress

Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade: Key Issues for the 108th Congress

Date: January 3, 2003
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence & Lum, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Nonproliferation Issues

Nuclear Nonproliferation Issues

Date: January 6, 2003
Creator: Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnia: U.S. Military Operations

Bosnia: U.S. Military Operations

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: This report outlines U.S. military operations in Bosnia and discusses issues such as U.S. and Allied Participation in Bosnia Peacekeeping (IFOR/SFOR), duration, cost, arms control and military assistance. This report also includes most recent development, background analysis, and legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo and Macedonia: U.S. and Allied Military Operations

Kosovo and Macedonia: U.S. and Allied Military Operations

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peacekeeping: Issues of U.S. Military Involvement

Peacekeeping: Issues of U.S. Military Involvement

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vieques, Puerto Rico Naval Training Range: Background and Issues for Congress

Vieques, Puerto Rico Naval Training Range: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 10, 2003
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2003

Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2003

Date: January 13, 2003
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: The Department of Defense (DOD) administers five environmental programs in response to various requirements under federal environmental laws. These programs include environmental cleanup, environmental compliance, pollution prevention, environmental technology, and conservation. Additionally, the Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for managing defense nuclear waste and cleaning up contaminated nuclear weapons sites. The Administration requested a total of $11.17 billion for these programs in FY2003, about $390 million more than the FY2002 funding level of $10.78 billion. Some of the ongoing issues associated with these programs are the adequacy, cost, and pace of cleanup, whether DOD and DOE adequately comply with environmental laws and regulations, and the extent to which environmental requirements encroach upon military readiness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Potential U.S. Military Operations

Iraq: Potential U.S. Military Operations

Date: January 13, 2003
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Date: January 14, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M & Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides historical background on the enactment of declarations of war and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. Because the statutes that confer standby authority on the President and the executive branch potentially play such a large role in an armed conflict to which the United States is a party, the report includes an extensive listing and summary of the statutes that are triggered by a declaration of war, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. The report concludes with a summary of the Congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a declaration of war or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Middle East Peace Talks

The Middle East Peace Talks

Date: January 14, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Armed Forces Abroad: Selected Congressional Roll Call Votes Since 1982

U.S. Armed Forces Abroad: Selected Congressional Roll Call Votes Since 1982

Date: January 15, 2003
Creator: Brown, Alan W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO Enlargement

NATO Enlargement

Date: January 16, 2003
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States

Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States

Date: January 16, 2003
Creator: Mark, Clyde R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program

Defense Research: DOD's Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Program

Date: January 17, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: Congress supports the research and development efforts of the Department of Defense (DOD) with a Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) appropriation. The appropriation primarily supports the development of the nation’s future military hardware and software and the technology base upon which those products rely. It is the federal government’s single largest research and development account. Besides supporting the nation’s military needs, some of the technology developed with RDT&E funds spills over into the commercial sector. For these reasons, RDT&E funding draws a considerable amount of attention within Congress each year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Transformation: Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance

Military Transformation: Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance

Date: January 17, 2003
Creator: Chizek, Judy G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program

Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: January 23, 2003
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict

Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict

Date: January 24, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report presents an overview of the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict. This is a clash between the principles of territorial integrity and self-determination that is occurring in the Caucasus, creating the longest inter-ethnic dispute in the former Soviet Union. The report includes the background and analysis of history, warfare and peace process in the region. The report discusses the Armenian and Azerbaijani perspective, the role and views of others (Iran, Turkey, Russia), as well as the U.S. policy regarding the conflict.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Transformation and Modernization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Army Transformation and Modernization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: January 24, 2003
Creator: Bruner, Edward F
Description: The U.S. Army has begun an ambitious program intended to transform itself into a strategically responsive force dominant in all types of ground operations. As planned, its Objective Force will eventually meld all ongoing initiatives into a force based on a high-tech Future Combat System. This short report briefly describes the program and discusses issues of feasibility, viability, and affordability of potential interest to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, and Missile Proliferation Sanctions: Selected Current Law

Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, and Missile Proliferation Sanctions: Selected Current Law

Date: January 24, 2003
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2003: Military Construction

Appropriations for FY2003: Military Construction

Date: January 27, 2003
Creator: Else, Daniel H
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Defense Appropriations Subcommittees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Use of Preemptive Military Force

U.S. Use of Preemptive Military Force

Date: January 27, 2003
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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