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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2000
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Energy Tax Policy: An Economic Analysis

Energy Tax Policy: An Economic Analysis

Date: January 12, 2000
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: The report provides background on the theory and application of tax policy as it relates to the energy sector, particularly with respect to the theory of market failure in the energy sector and the suggested policy remedies. This background provides a context for understanding how current or proposed energy tax policy may affect other policy objectives or be affected by such objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Level of Taxes in the United States, 1941-1999

The Level of Taxes in the United States, 1941-1999

Date: February 11, 2000
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recent Trends in the Federal Tax Burden

Recent Trends in the Federal Tax Burden

Date: March 27, 2000
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Fuel Taxes: Impacts of a Repeal or Moratorium

Transportation Fuel Taxes: Impacts of a Repeal or Moratorium

Date: March 28, 2000
Creator: Fischer, John W & Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline and the Highway Trust Fund: A Short History

The Federal Excise Tax on Gasoline and the Highway Trust Fund: A Short History

Date: March 29, 2000
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Taxes: Where Do Surplus Taxes Go and How Are They Used?

Social Security Taxes: Where Do Surplus Taxes Go and How Are They Used?

Date: April 3, 2000
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conservation Reserve Payments and Self-Employment Taxes

Conservation Reserve Payments and Self-Employment Taxes

Date: May 1, 2000
Creator: Morris, Marie B
Description: Farmers enrolling their land in the Department of Agriculture's Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) receive payments for refraining from farming their property and for engaging in certain conservation practices mandated by the Department of Agriculture. These payments are described in the contract with the Department of Agriculture as "rental payments." Farmers would like to treat the income as "rental income" because it would not be subject to self-employment taxes, but the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) insists that under certain conditions, the payments are income from the trade or business of farming and thus subject to self-employment taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recent Tax Changes Affecting Installment Sales

Recent Tax Changes Affecting Installment Sales

Date: May 11, 2000
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Retirement Plans with Individual Accounts: Federal Rules and Limits

Retirement Plans with Individual Accounts: Federal Rules and Limits

Date: May 18, 2000
Creator: Storey, James R & Graney, Paul J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fact Sheet on Congressional Tax Proposals

Fact Sheet on Congressional Tax Proposals

Date: May 25, 2000
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: A general tax cut (H.R. 2488), costing $792 billion over 10 years, was vetoed in September 1999. A more narrowly focused bill (H.R. 1180) extending certain expiring provisions was adopted in December. Several tax proposals have been or are likely to be considered in 2000. The largest of these was marriage penalty legislation (H.R. 6 and S. 2346). Tax provisions are also included in health care legislation and minimum wage legislation; the latter passed the House on March 9 and included distressed communities legislation and a repeal of the installment sales provision included in the extenders bill. A number of separate tax bills are also under consideration. The general tax cut proposal included across-the-board tax cuts, benefits for married couples, phase-out of the alternative minimum tax, a reduction in capital gains taxes, a phase-out of the estate tax and provisions relating to education and health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

Date: June 26, 2000
Creator: Morris, Marie B.
Description: This report compares the tax and election laws relating to political organizations and political committees in an attempt to highlight the differences between them, and discusses some of the proposals in the 106th Congress to require additional reporting by organizations engaging in political activities. This report does not address the taxation of other tax-exempt organizations making political expenditures taxable under IRC § 527. The report will be updated as new proposals are reported.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

Date: July 7, 2000
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source

Value-Added Tax as a New Revenue Source

Date: July 10, 2000
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marriage Tax Penalties: Legislative Proposals in the 106th Congress

Marriage Tax Penalties: Legislative Proposals in the 106th Congress

Date: July 14, 2000
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Earned Income Tax Credit: Current Issues and Benefit Amounts

The Earned Income Tax Credit: Current Issues and Benefit Amounts

Date: September 1, 2000
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: The earned income tax credit (EITC), established in the tax code in 1975, offers cash aid to working parents with relatively low incomes who care for dependent children. The EITC is the only federal cash aid available to all working poor families with children. For eligible filers with income tax liability, the EITC reduces their taxes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Legislation: Distinguishing Issues

Internet Tax Legislation: Distinguishing Issues

Date: September 1, 2000
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

Date: September 7, 2000
Creator: Morris, Marie B.
Description: Virtually all political organizations are "section 527" political organizations, which means that they are tax-exempt. 527 organizations are created to influence the election or defeat of public officials. This report compares the tax and election laws relating to political organizations and political committees prior to the enactment of P.L. 106-230 in an attempt to highlight the differences between them, and discusses some of the proposals in the 106th Congress to require additional reporting by organizations engaging in political activities. This report does not address the taxation of other tax-exempt organizations making political expenditures taxable under IRC § 527.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

Date: September 7, 2000
Creator: Morris, Marie B.
Description: This report compares the tax and election laws relating to political organizations and political committees prior to the enactment of P.L. 106-230 in an attempt to highlight the differences between them, and discusses some of the proposals in the 106th Congress to require additional reporting by organizations engaging in political activities. This report does not address the taxation of other tax-exempt organizations making political expenditures taxable under IRC § 527. For developments after the enactment of P.L. 106-230, please see CRS Report RS20650, 527 Organizations: Reporting Requirements Imposed on Political Organizations after the Enactment of P.L. 106-230.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

527 Organizations: How the Differences in Tax and Election Laws Permit Certain Organizations to Engage in Issue Advocacy without Public Disclosure and Proposals for Change

Date: September 7, 2000
Creator: Morris, Marie B.
Description: Virtually all political organizations are "section 527" political organizations, which means that they are tax-exempt. 527 organizations are created to influence the election or defeat of public officials. This report compares the tax and election laws relating to political organizations and political committees prior to the enactment of P.L. 106-230 in an attempt to highlight the differences between them, and discusses some of the proposals in the 106th Congress to require additional reporting by organizations engaging in political activities. This report does not address the taxation of other tax-exempt organizations making political expenditures taxable under IRC § 527.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Benefits for Education in the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997: New Legislative Developments

Tax Benefits for Education in the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997: New Legislative Developments

Date: September 14, 2000
Creator: Lyke, Bob
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): Issues, Proposed Expansion, and Retirement Savings Accounts (RSAs)

Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): Issues, Proposed Expansion, and Retirement Savings Accounts (RSAs)

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telephone Excise Tax

Telephone Excise Tax

Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major Tax Issues in the 106th Congress: A Summary

Major Tax Issues in the 106th Congress: A Summary

Date: September 21, 2000
Creator: Government Finance and Taxation Section
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) Tax Benefit for Exporting and the WTO

The Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) Tax Benefit for Exporting and the WTO

Date: October 11, 2000
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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