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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Foreign Ownership of Property in the United States: Federal and State Restrictions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8493/
Foreign Investment in U.S. Industry
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8609/
The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8811/
Finance and Adjustment: The International Debt Crisis, 1982-84
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8870/
The Stability of the International Banking System
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9576/
The Stability of the International Banking System
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World Bank Legislation Before the 99th Congress
The 99th Congress has before it several proposals to authorize additional U.S. contributions to multilateral development banks. These include potential subscriptions or contributions to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the African Development Fund (AFDF), and the special African aid facility of the International Development Association (IDA). There is no legislation now before Congress to authorize new contributions to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the regular budget of the IDA, or any of the other regional development banks. These have been dealt with in previous years. This paper provides some background on the World Bank and a summary of the pending legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9580/
World Bank Legislation Before the 99th Congress
The 99th Congress has before it several proposals to authorize additional U.S. contributions to multilateral development banks. These include potential subscriptions or contributions to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the African Development Fund (AFDF), and the special African aid facility of the International Development Association (IDA). There is no legislation now before Congress to authorize new contributions to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the regular budget of the IDA, or any of the other regional development banks. These have been dealt with in previous years. This paper provides some background on the World Bank and a summary of the pending legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9586/
Exchange Rates: The Dollar in International Markets
Mainstream economic theory suggests that U.S. budget deficit was the main cause of the dollar appreciation between 1980 and early 1985. The high budget deficit forced the U.S. Government to compete against the private sector for available savings, raising interest rates in the United States. In response, net capital inflows to the United States increased, the demand for dollars on the foreign exchange market went up, and the dollar appreciated. Restrictive budgets and loose monetary policies abroad, both of which kept interest rates low abroad, also contributed to the dollar’s appreciation on over this period. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8427/
Multilateral Development Banks: Legislation Affecting U.S. Participation
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Multilateral Development Banks: Legislation Affecting U.S. Participation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9605/
Trade Deficits and the Dollar: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1987
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9592/
Trade Deficits and the Dollar: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1987
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9602/
Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9609/
Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9618/
A Reappraisal of Foreign Investment Policy
The rise of the multinational corporation and the increased flow of capital across national borders have raised anew the question of how to treat foreign direct investment, both inward and outward. The U.S. government and, increasingly, other governments advocate that, with some exceptions, economic policies should be neutral in the treatment of investment, foreign and domestic, inward and outward. This report discusses the changing view of foreign investment, both nationally and internationally. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs140/
International Financial Institutions and Environment: Multilateral Development Banks and the Global Environment Facility
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs138/
Fair Trade in Financial Services: Legislation and the GATT
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs115/
The Yen/Dollar Exchange Rate
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs137/
Japanese and U.S. Economic Involvement in Asia and the Pacific: Comparative Data and Analysis
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs139/
Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.: Staging a Comeback?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs229/
The Exchange-Rate System: Return to Bretton Woods?
This report focuses on the exchange-rate system set up at Bretton Woods, its breakdown in the 1970s, the current system of managed floating and, finally, proposals to return part or all the way to a more fixed-rate system. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs228/
Japanese Trade Balance and Exchange Rate: Seeing Through the Numbers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs266/
The Daiwa Bank Problems: Background and Policy Issues
On November 2, 1995, U.S. banking authorities ordered the Daiwa Bank to close its banking operations in the United States, and a 24-count criminal indictment was issued against it. These actions stem from the bank's admission that Toshihide Iguchi, a rogue trader at its New York branch office, had incurred $1.1 billion in losses over eleven years from trading U.S. Treasury securities and that Daiwa managers had "directed that those losses be concealed" from U.S. regulators. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs202/
The Federal Reserve's Arrangement for Emergency Loans to Japanese Banks
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs212/
China and the Multilateral Development Banks
Congress is currently considering appropriations for U.S. contributions to the World Bank and other multilateral development banks (MDBs) as well as separate legislation that would require U.S. representatives to these institutions to oppose all concessional loans to China. This report provides a brief analysis of China’s relationship with the MDBs to highlight some issues and help Members of Congress, congressional staff, and observers better understand the context for the current debates in Congress and the multilateral agencies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs466/
Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress
In February 1997, the Clinton Administration submitted the second of five annual reports on the Administration's Comprehensive Trade and Development Policy for Africa as required by section 134 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (House Document 103-3415, Vol. 1.). On April 24, 1997, members of the African Trade and Investment Caucus introduced a bill, H.R. 1432, on U.S.-Africa trade and investment issues. In his State of the Union address in January 1998, President Clinton called on Congress to pass the trade legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs813/
Debt Reduction: Initiatives for the Most Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
This report offers a broad overview of the debate concerning debt reduction for poor developing countries. It profiles the scope and structure of debt and reviews previous debt relief strategies and the current HIPC Initiative. It analyzes and compares competing alternatives endorsed by the Administration, congressional activists, NGOs, and other G-7 governments. Several key issues, such as costs, impact, and conditionality, of pending proposals are also assessed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1259/
Outer Continental Shelf: Oil and Gas Leasing and Revenue
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1167/
African Development Bank and Fund
The African Development Bank Group, including the Bank itself (AfDB) and its "soft-loan" affiliate, the African Development Fund (AfDF), is a development finance institution based in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. The Bank has 53 African members, as well as 24 non-regional members, including the United States. In the mid-1990s, the Bank faced management problems and difficulties arising from non-performing loans, but reforms launched in 1995 by a new Bank president, Omar Kabbaj, brought new pledges of support from the non-regionals. U.S. contributions to the Bank resumed in FY2000. This report will be updated as events warrant. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1260/
Russia's Paris Club Debt: U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1261/
IMF Reform and the International Financial Institutions Advisory Commission
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1845/
Multilateral Development Banks: Basic Background
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6986/
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the 2000 Summit in Brunei
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1846/
African Development Bank and Fund
The African Development Bank Group, including the Bank itself (AfDB) and its “soft-loan” affiliate, the African Development Fund (AfDF), is a development finance institution based in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. The Bank has 53 African members, as well as 24 non-regional members, including the United States. In the mid-1990s, the Bank faced management problems and difficulties arising from non-performing loans, but reforms launched in 1995 by a new Bank president, Omar Kabbaj, brought new pledges of support from the non-regionals. U.S. contributions to the Fund resumed in FY1998 and to the Bank in FY2000. This report will be updated as events warrant. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1847/
Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY1990-2002
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7034/
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3212/
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3213/
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3214/
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3215/
New IMF Conditionality Guidelines
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7040/
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 108th Congress
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Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5092/
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5093/
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5094/
Multilateral Development Banks: Issues for the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5095/
Taxes, Exports and Investment: ETI/FSC and Domestic Investment Proposals in the 108th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7583/
Iraq: Paris Club Debt Relief
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7721/
France: Factors Shaping Foreign Policy, and Issues in U.S.-French Relations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9120/
Multilateral Development Banks: Procedures for U.S. Participation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7310/
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