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 Resource Type: Report
 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Juvenile Justice: Legislative History and Current Legislative Issues

Juvenile Justice: Legislative History and Current Legislative Issues

Date: unknown
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report will analyze the current federal legislation that impacts the state juvenile justice systems. Although the report provides some background information on the evolution of juvenile justice in the United States, the main focus of the report is the major federal legislation that impacts the states juvenile justice systems, including the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Insanity Defense: An Overview and Legislative Proposals

The Insanity Defense: An Overview and Legislative Proposals

Date: July 19, 1982
Creator: Marion, Catherine
Description: This report will discuss the insanity defense as used in the federal courts. It will briefly trace the history of the evolution of that defense from its earliest formulation to the version used in the John Hinckley case, and will provide, in summary form, descriptive analysis of various pieces of Legislation to change federal law with regard to the substantive definition of the defense, the allocation of the burden of persuasion when the defense is invoked, and procedures following the successful use of the defense.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Control

Gun Control

Date: August 11, 1982
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Description: This report provides basic firearms-related issues and a summary of legislative action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeless in America

Homeless in America

Date: November 1, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This report discusses questions dealing with the number of homeless Americans as well as trends in society's attitudes toward such people. The incidence of mental illness and the appropriateness, or lack thereof, of deinstitutionalization for such patients is another aspect of the problem which is covered in this packet. A CRS report gives an overview of the situation and of the Federal response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Date: June 3, 1996
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is the product of legislative efforts stretching back well over a decade and stimulated to passage in part by the tragedies in Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. This report summarizes the six titles of the Act, its sources, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prison Litigation Reform Act: Survey of Post-Reform Act Prisoners' Civil Rights Cases

Prison Litigation Reform Act: Survey of Post-Reform Act Prisoners' Civil Rights Cases

Date: November 4, 1997
Creator: Schrader, Dorothy
Description: This report summarizes the Prison Litigation Reform Act and surveys post- Reform Act court decisions interpreting the Act and other cases concerning prisoners' civil rights.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fifth Amendment Privilege Against SelfIncrimination May Not Be Extended in Cases Where Only a Foreign Prosecution Is Possible

Fifth Amendment Privilege Against SelfIncrimination May Not Be Extended in Cases Where Only a Foreign Prosecution Is Possible

Date: July 16, 1998
Creator: Wallace, Paul S., Jr.
Description: Several courts in the various circuits have considered whether the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination applies to fear of incrimination in foreign countries, and they have come to divergent conclusions. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari in United States v. Balsys, and on June 25, 1998, decided that a witness may not invoke the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination in which only a foreign prosecution is possible. This report provides background on United States v. Balsys and examines the court's opinion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Criminal Court Treaty: Description, Policy Issues, and Congressional Concerns

The International Criminal Court Treaty: Description, Policy Issues, and Congressional Concerns

Date: January 6, 1999
Creator: Grigorian, Ellen
Description: This report discusses the events leading to the creation of a permanent international criminal tribunal and U.S. perspectives on the Court including: problematic provisions in the ICC Treaty, congressional considerations, and potential implications for U.S. foreign policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Date: March 3, 1999
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report gives an overview of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, which was intended to prohibit bribery of foreign officials by American corporations. It includes information about the original legislation, amendments in 1988, and amendments in 1998 that brought the legislation into conformance with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's agreement on bribery.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Industry Liability: Lawsuits and Legislation

Gun Industry Liability: Lawsuits and Legislation

Date: March 30, 1999
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report discusses gun industry liability issues after the Maryland Court of Appeals announced that it was changing the common law "to hold the manufacturers and marketers of Saturday Night Special handguns strictly liable to innocent persons who suffer gunshot injuries from the criminal use of their products." Kelley v. R.G. Industries, Inc., 497 A.2d 1143, 1159 (Md. 1985).
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Crime and Forfeiture: The Innocent Third Party

Crime and Forfeiture: The Innocent Third Party

Date: June 29, 1999
Creator: Wallace, Paul S., Jr.
Description: Forfeiture has survived through time in American law, and since 1984, the use of forfeiture statutes to divest felons of their spoils has increased substantially. This report reviews the case law which raises the issue concerning many relative to whether some civil forfeiture proceedings constitute punishment which may violate the Eighth Amendment's excessive fines clause.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Statutes: An Overview of Legislation in the 106th Congress

Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Statutes: An Overview of Legislation in the 106th Congress

Date: January 11, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses federal mandatory minimum sentencing statutes, which demand that execution or incarceration follow criminal conviction. They cover drug dealing, murdering federal officials, and using a gun to commit a federal crime. They circumscribe judicial sentencing discretion. They have been criticized as unthinkingly harsh and incompatible with a rational sentencing guideline system; yet they have also been embraced as hallmarks of truth in sentence and a certain means of incapacitating the criminally dangerous.
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Terrorism Legislation: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act of 2001

Terrorism Legislation: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act of 2001

Date: October 26, 2001
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses wiretapping and other controversial issues as a part of USA PATRIOT Act which bolsters the ability of federal authorities to conduct criminal and intelligence investigations, to bar and expel foreign terrorists from the United States, to separate terrorists from their sources of financial support, to punish acts of terrorism, and to address the needs of the direct victims of the events of September 11.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts

Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts

Date: January 30, 2002
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report compares selected procedural safeguards employed in criminal trials in federal criminal court with parallel protective measures in military general courts-martial, military commissions as authorized under the Military Order of November 13, and, as a possible benchmark of international standards, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Grand Jury

The Federal Grand Jury

Date: February 5, 2002
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a brief general description of the federal grand jury, with particular emphasis on its more controversial aspects—relationship of the prosecutor and the grand jury, the rights of grand jury witnesses, grand jury secrecy, and rights of targets of a grand jury investigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capital Punishment: An Overview of Federal Death Penalty Statutes

Capital Punishment: An Overview of Federal Death Penalty Statutes

Date: July 23, 2002
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Description: This report lists the current federal capital offenses and summarizes the procedures for federal civilian death penalty cases. Several laws are relevant to the topic including: P.L. 103-322, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994; the Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996; and P.L. 107-197, the Terrorist Bombings Convention Implementation Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: Following the terrorist attacks of September 2001, Congress has given considerable attention to the role of first responders in the nation’s homeland security efforts. This report discusses the “First Responder Initiative”, a recent proposal by the Bush Administration to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: December 11, 2002
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report discusses the “First Responder Initiative,” a proposed block grant program to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks. Under the Administration proposal, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) would administer the program, which, if approved, would provide $3.5 billion to states and localities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Combating Terrorism: First Emergency Supplemental Appropriations - Distribution of Funds to Departments and Agencies

Combating Terrorism: First Emergency Supplemental Appropriations - Distribution of Funds to Departments and Agencies

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Riehl, James R.
Description: This report provides background on the 2001 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States, P.L. 107-38 (H.R. 2888) as well as the criteria for use of the funds developed by The Office of Management and Budget (OMB). It also outlines information about supplemental fund distributions in three tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy: An Overview of Federal Statues Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping

Privacy: An Overview of Federal Statues Governing Wiretapping and Electronic Eavesdropping

Date: January 13, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Gina & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping. It also appends citations to state law in the area and contains a bibliography of legal commentary as well as the text of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). This report also includes a brief summary of the recently expired Protect America Act, P.L. 110-55 and of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 Amendments Act of 2008, P.L. 110-261 (H.R. 6304).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Program: An Overview

The Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Program: An Overview

Date: March 6, 2003
Creator: Teasley, David & O'Bryant, JoAnne
Description: This report provides an overview of the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program, administered by the Department of Justice (DOJ), which provides financial assistance to eligible police departments to help improve community policing efforts. It includes a brief discussion of the establishment of the program, guidelines and requirements for grantees, and a summary of various Department of Justice initiatives under the COPS program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: March 6, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael
Description: This report discusses various U.S. international narcotics policy approaches meant to achieve two main goals: to reduce the supply of illicit narcotics flowing into the United States, and to reduce the amount of illicit narcotics cultivated, processed, and consumed worldwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

First Responder Initiative: Policy Issues and Options

Date: March 19, 2003
Creator: Canada, Ben
Description: This report discusses a new block grant program proposed by the Bush Administration called the “First Responder Initiative” to help state and local first responders prepare for possible terrorist attacks
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Statutes: An Overview of Legislation in the 107th Congress

Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Statutes: An Overview of Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report examines legislation in the 107th Congress pertaining to federal mandatory minimum sentencing statutes (mandatory minimums), which demand that execution or incarceration follow criminal conviction. They cover drug dealing and using a gun to commit a federal crime, among other crimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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