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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
National Aviation Security Policy, Strategy, and Mode-Specific Plans: Background and Considerations for Congress

National Aviation Security Policy, Strategy, and Mode-Specific Plans: Background and Considerations for Congress

Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report examines the current National Aviation Security Policy, the National Strategy for Aviation Security, and formal mode-specific plans developed for implementing this strategic approach. This report also identifies and discusses some overarching considerations for congressional oversight and possible legislative action regarding the U.S. policy and strategy for securing the aviation domain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pilotless Drones: Background and Considerations for Congress Regarding Unmanned Aircraft Operations in the National Airspace System

Pilotless Drones: Background and Considerations for Congress Regarding Unmanned Aircraft Operations in the National Airspace System

Date: September 10, 2012
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: Report that covers the history and current status of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Particular attention is paid to recent privacy implications and potential intrusiveness of drone operations that have emerged as a significant issue before Congress. It also looks at the current Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) timeline to establish six test ranges throughout the United States to study unmanned aircraft integration technical issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Cuts to Air Traffic Control Towers Under Budget Sequestration: Background and Considerations for Congress

Proposed Cuts to Air Traffic Control Towers Under Budget Sequestration: Background and Considerations for Congress

Date: May 7, 2013
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report provides and overview of budget sequester and air traffic control. The report discusses air traffic control tower funding, effect of tower closures, possible technology remedies to potential safety impacts and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Cuts to Air Traffic Control Towers Under Budget Sequestration: Background and Considerations for Congress

Proposed Cuts to Air Traffic Control Towers Under Budget Sequestration: Background and Considerations for Congress

Date: March 26, 2013
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (P.L. 112-25) and air traffic control tower funding, which provided for automatic reductions to most federal discretionary spending if no agreement on deficit reduction was reached by the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protecting Civil Aviation from Cyberattacks

Protecting Civil Aviation from Cyberattacks

Date: June 18, 2015
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report briefly discusses cyber-security issues in civil aviation. unclear. A recent probe into alleged hacking incidents unfolded just weeks after the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) alerted airlines to be on the lookout for passengers trying to tap into aircraft electronics and for evidence of tampering or network intrusions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protecting Civilian Flights from Missiles

Protecting Civilian Flights from Missiles

Date: July 28, 2014
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report briefly outlines the history of incidents involving civilian flights being hit by shoulder fired missiles and discusses the Directed Infrared Countermeasure (DIRCM) systems, which were developed to be mounted on commercial airliners for defense against infrared guided missiles and were never widely implemented. The report discusses the limitations of DIRCM systems, especially in the context of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, which would not have been saved by such a system due to having been brought down by a radar-guided missile. The report also examines alternative ways to protect commercial airliners from missile attacks, such as flight techniques and ground-based systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Risk-Based Approaches to Airline Passenger Screening

Risk-Based Approaches to Airline Passenger Screening

Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses relatively uniform methods of screening airline passengers applied by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Screening and Securing Air Cargo: Background and Issues for Congress

Screening and Securing Air Cargo: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: The October 2010 discovery of two explosive devices being prepared for loading on U.S.-bound all-cargo aircraft overseas has heightened concerns over the potential use of air cargo shipments to bomb passenger and all-cargo aircraft. This incident renewed congressional interest in air cargo security. This report discusses a number of policy issues that may arise regarding air cargo security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Securing General Aviation

Securing General Aviation

Date: March 3, 2009
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses safety concerns regarding General aviation (GA), which encompasses a wide range of airports, aircraft, and flight operations. Because GA plays a small but important role in the U.S. economy, improving upon GA security without unduly impeding air commerce or limiting the freedom of movement by air remains a significant challenge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Aircraft Operations in Domestic Airspace: U.S. Policy Perspectives and the Regulatory Landscape

Unmanned Aircraft Operations in Domestic Airspace: U.S. Policy Perspectives and the Regulatory Landscape

Date: January 27, 2016
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses the uses and potential risks of Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), which are often referred to as "drones." In the future, it is anticipated that some UAS will share airspace, and potentially share facilities like airports and helipads, with manned aircraft. Technological innovations, as well as standardized procedures operators must follow, will be needed for full integration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sequestration at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): Air Traffic Controller Furloughs and Congressional Response

Sequestration at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): Air Traffic Controller Furloughs and Congressional Response

Date: May 7, 2013
Creator: Elias, Bart; Brass, Clinton T. & Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of FAA's implementation of the sequester in April 2013, as it relates to air traffic control operations and staff furloughs. It then considers the congressional response, including the potential impact of the funds transfers authorized under P.L. 113-9 on FAA's Airport Improvement Program (AIP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization: An Overview of Selected Provisions in Proposed Legislation

Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization: An Overview of Selected Provisions in Proposed Legislation

Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: Elias, Bart; Fischer, John W.; Kirk, Robert S.; Luther, Linda; Vincent, Carol Hardy; McCarthy, James E. et al.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief summary and analysis of major legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing Federal Aviation Administration reauthorization process. The report is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport finance; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and miscellaneous programs and provisions. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: May 20, 2015
Creator: Elias, Bart; Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Description: This report discusses aviation security, transit and passenger security, port and maritime security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Transportation Security: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: December 25, 2015
Creator: Elias, Bart; Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Description: This report examines aviation, transit and passenger rail security, as well as port and maritime security. The difficulty and cost of protecting the transportation sector from attack raises a core question for policymakers: how much effort and resources to put toward protecting potential targets versus pursuing and fighting terrorists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation War Risk Insurance: Background and Options for Congress

Aviation War Risk Insurance: Background and Options for Congress

Date: September 5, 2014
Creator: Elias, Bart; Tang, Rachel Y. & Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses aviation war risk insurance that provides coverage for hostile acts of violence against airlines, such as terrorism, hijackings, and sabotage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction: Analysis of the President's FY2012 Appropriations Request

Military Construction: Analysis of the President's FY2012 Appropriations Request

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Else, Daniel H
Description: This report explains those government activities funded under the military construction appropriation, examines trends in military construction funding over the past few years, and outlines military construction issues extant in each of the major regions of U.S. military activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Arsenal Act: Context and Legislative History

The Arsenal Act: Context and Legislative History

Date: October 28, 2011
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report describes the roles of the federal manufacturing arsenals during the years surrounding the enactment of the two sections of the Arsenal Act, one as part of the Army Appropriations Act for 1854, and the other within the Defense Act of 1920, also known as the Army Reorganization Act of 1920, and provides historical context. The report also shows the change in language between the sections' original enactment and today, and it provides details on the Army's policy in implementing the manufacturing sourcing portion of the statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Production Act: Purpose and Scope

Defense Production Act: Purpose and Scope

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report discusses the Defense Production Act (DPA) of 1950, which confers upon the President authority to force private industry to give priority to defense and homeland security contracts and to allocate the resources needed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2016 Changes to DOD's 1033 Program

FY2016 Changes to DOD's 1033 Program

Date: February 16, 2016
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report briefly discusses the current status of the Department of Defense's (DOD's) 1033 Program, under which excess DOD property -- such as personal computers, vehicles, and firearms -- are made available to qualified federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2016 Military Construction Appropriations: President's Request and House Markup Compared

FY2016 Military Construction Appropriations: President's Request and House Markup Compared

Date: April 24, 2015
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report briefly discusses the financing of military construction. Military construction is normally funded through Title I of the Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies appropriations bill and provides funding for the planning, design, construction, alteration, and improvement of facilities used by active and reserve military components worldwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Frequently Asked Questions

Military Base Closures: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 19, 2014
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report discusses military base closures and Frequently Asked Question that examine the provisions in the Constitution and in permanent statute that define and limit federal authority to disestablish or diminish employment at defense sites.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction: A Snapshot of the President's FY2013 Appropriations Request

Military Construction: A Snapshot of the President's FY2013 Appropriations Request

Date: June 22, 2012
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report looks at President Obama's FY2013 budget request, which included an $11.2 billion for military construction appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction: A Snapshot of the President's FY2013 Appropriations Request

Military Construction: A Snapshot of the President's FY2013 Appropriations Request

Date: February 28, 2012
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report looks at President Obama's FY2013 budget request, which included an $11.2 billion for military construction appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Construction: Analysis of the FY2012 Appropriation and Authorization

Military Construction: Analysis of the FY2012 Appropriation and Authorization

Date: June 29, 2011
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report explains those government activities funded under the military construction appropriation, examines trends in military construction funding over the past few years, and outlines military construction issues extant in each of the major regions of U.S. military activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department