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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
An Overview of Judicial Review of Immigration Matters

An Overview of Judicial Review of Immigration Matters

Date: September 11, 2013
Creator: Mikyung Lee, Margaret
Description: This report will summarize judicial review for immigration matters, including visa denials and revocations; removal orders and detention; naturalization delays, denials, and revocations; expatriation; and legalization denials. Administrative adjudications such as removal proceedings or determination of immigration benefits such as naturalization are beyond the scope of this report.
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Intelligence Authorization Legislation for FY2014 and FY2015: Provisions, Status, Intelligence Community Framework

Intelligence Authorization Legislation for FY2014 and FY2015: Provisions, Status, Intelligence Community Framework

Date: January 12, 2016
Creator: Miles, Anne D.
Description: This report examines selected provisions in the two Intelligence Authorization Acts (IAAs) passed in 2014: the IAA for Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 (P.L. 113-126) and an IAA for FY2015 (P.L. 113-293). TIt also provides an intelligence community framework in the Appendix.
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Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques

Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Miles, Anne D.
Description: This report briefly summarizes what constituted Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (EITs), provides background on their adoption and use, and discusses differing views on three questions that underpin discussion and debate of this topic.
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The U.S. Intelligence Community: Selected Cross-Cutting Issues

The U.S. Intelligence Community: Selected Cross-Cutting Issues

Date: April 12, 2016
Creator: Miles, Anne D.
Description: This report focuses on cross-cutting management issues that affect the Intelligence Community's (IC's) ability to counter "pervasive and emerging threats" to the United States and balance resources both appropriately and wisely. The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is charged with integrating the community of intelligence agencies so that they operate effectively as one team.
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Paris Attacks and "Going Dark": Intelligence-Related Issues to Consider

Paris Attacks and "Going Dark": Intelligence-Related Issues to Consider

Date: November 19, 2015
Creator: Miles, Anne Daugherty
Description: This report discusses intelligence efforts on tracking numerous individuals involved in the deadly assault in Paris on November 13, 2015.
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The SSCI Study of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program: Issues to Consider

The SSCI Study of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program: Issues to Consider

Date: December 16, 2014
Creator: Miles, Anne Daugherty
Description: This report briefly discusses issues pertaining to the 500-page Executive Summary of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) Study of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA's) Detention and Interrogation Program, which released to the public on December 9, 2014 describes the history of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program from late 2001 to January 2009, including a review of each of the 119 individuals known to have been held in CIA custody.
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Bank and Thrift Deposit Insurance Premiums: The Record from 1934-2004

Bank and Thrift Deposit Insurance Premiums: The Record from 1934-2004

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Miles, Barbara L & Jackson, William D
Description: Since federal deposit insurance first came into being in the mid-1930s, commercial banks and savings associations (thrifts) have paid premiums into government insurance reserves to cover losses due to financial institution failures. Banks and thrifts have come to offer similar services and the government has standardized insurance premiums for the two institutions to reflect their competition. Deposit insurance premiums have been the subject of legislation several times over recent years including measures passed by the House. Most banks and thrifts pay essentially no premiums, but the potential for future assessments continues to drive “reform” legislation. This report provides the rationale and amounts of assessments since federal deposit insurance began and will be updated annually.
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Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Legislation (Including Budgetary Implications)

Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Legislation (Including Budgetary Implications)

Date: November 9, 2005
Creator: Miles, Barbara L & Jackson, William D
Description: This report discusses two major deposit insurance reform bills that are currently before Congress, the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act of 2005 and the Safe and Fair Deposit Insurance Act of 2005. Both bills, if passed, would effectively raise assessments paid by banks and savings associations to the deposit insurance fund.
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Proposed Changes to the Conforming Loan Limit

Proposed Changes to the Conforming Loan Limit

Date: June 22, 2005
Creator: Miles, Barbara L & Jickling, Mark
Description: None
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U.S. Air Force Bomber Sustainment and Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

U.S. Air Force Bomber Sustainment and Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 23, 2013
Creator: Miller, Michael A.
Description: This report addresses potential congressional oversight and appropriations concerns for the sustainment and modernization of the U.S. Air Force's bomber force.
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Conflicts of Interest in Derivatives Clearing

Conflicts of Interest in Derivatives Clearing

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report examines how conflicts of interest may arise regarding derivatives clearing and analyzes the measures that the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) proposed to address them. It discusses what effect, if any, ownership and control limits may have on derivatives clearing; and whether such limits effectively address the types of conflicts of interest that are of concern to some in the 112th Congress. These rulemakings may interest the 112th Congress as part of its oversight authority for the CFTC and SEC. Trends in clearing and trading derivatives, and the ownership of swap clearinghouses, are discussed in the Appendix.
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Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Date: April 8, 2010
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report provides background related to financial derivatives. It also analyzes market structure and regulation, derivatives reform, legislative proposals and exemptions for end users, safeguards for uncleared over-the-counter (OTC) swaps, and hypothetical examples.
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Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report provides background related to financial derivatives. It also analyzes market structure and regulation, derivatives reform, legislative proposals and exemptions for end users, safeguards for uncleared over-the-counter (OTC) swaps, and hypothetical examples.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designation of Global 'Too Big To Fail' Firms

Designation of Global 'Too Big To Fail' Firms

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Miller, Rena S. & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides background on the the Financial Stability Board's (FSB) designation process for systemically significant financial institutions, but takes no position on any potential benefits or shortcomings of that process.
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The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Title VII, Derivatives

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Title VII, Derivatives

Date: November 6, 2012
Creator: Miller, Rena S. & Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report describes some of the requirements placed on the derivatives market by the Dodd-Frank Act, which provides exceptions to the clearing and trading requirements for commercial end-users, or firms that use derivatives to hedge the risks of their nonfinancial business operations.
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High Frequency Trading: Overview of Recent Developments

High Frequency Trading: Overview of Recent Developments

Date: April 4, 2016
Creator: Miller, Rena S. & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report provides background on various High-frequency trading (HFT) strategies and some associated policy issues, recent regulatory developments and selected enforcement actions by the SEC and Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), on HFT, and congressional action such as proposed legislation and hearings related to HFT.
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High Frequency Trading: Overview of Recent Developments

High Frequency Trading: Overview of Recent Developments

Date: April 1, 2016
Creator: Miller, Rena S. & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report provides background on various High-frequency trading (HFT) strategies and some associated policy issues, recent regulatory developments and selected enforcement actions by the SEC and Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), on HFT, and congressional action such as proposed legislation and hearings related to HFT.
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Veterans' Benefits: An Overview of Benefits for Disabled Veterans

Veterans' Benefits: An Overview of Benefits for Disabled Veterans

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Miller, St Jalisa E.; Scott, Christine & Davis, Carol D.
Description: This report provides an overview of health care services and disability compensation benefits available to Vietnam veterans, children of Vietnam-era veterans, and non-Vietnam veterans exposed to herbicides.
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The ACA Medicaid Expansion

The ACA Medicaid Expansion

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Mitchell, Alison
Description: This report provides an overview of the ACA Medicaid expansion, and the impact of the Supreme Court decision on the ACA Medicaid expansion. Then, the report describes who is covered under the expansion, the expansion rules, and how the expansion is financed. In addition, enrollment and expenditure estimates for the ACA Medicaid expansion are provided. Finally, the report reviews state decisions whether or not to implement the ACA Medicaid expansion, and the implications of those decisions on certain individuals, employers, and hospitals.
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Medicaid Financing and Expenditures

Medicaid Financing and Expenditures

Date: July 30, 2012
Creator: Mitchell, Alison
Description: This report provides an overview of Medicaid’s financing structure, including both federal and state financing issues. The Medicaid expenditures section of the report discusses economic factors affecting Medicaid, state variability in spending, and projected program spending. Other issues that are examined include congressional proposals to turn Medicaid into a block grant program, federal deficit reduction proposals affecting Medicaid, and state fiscal conditions affecting Medicaid financing and services.
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CHIP and the ACA Maintenance of Effort (MOE) Requirement: In Brief

CHIP and the ACA Maintenance of Effort (MOE) Requirement: In Brief

Date: February 11, 2015
Creator: Mitchell, Alison & Baumrucker, Evelyne P.
Description: This report discusses the Affordable Care Act (ACA) child maintenance of effort (MOE) requirement for children if federal CHIP funding expires. It begins with a brief background about CHIP, including information regarding program design and financing. The report then describes the ACA child MOE requirements for CHIP Medicaid expansion programs and for separate CHIP programs and discusses potential coverage implications.
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Bomber Options for Replacing B52s

Bomber Options for Replacing B52s

Date: June 17, 1981
Creator: Mitchell, Douglas D
Description: One of the main issues discussed in this report is the replacement of the B-52 bombers, due to the fact that many believe that by 1990, the B-52's vulnerability to improving Soviet air defenses will imperil its effectiveness as a penetrating bomber.
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CRS Issue Statement on Europe: Regional Policy, Bilateral Relations, and Key Issues

CRS Issue Statement on Europe: Regional Policy, Bilateral Relations, and Key Issues

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides a statement on the United States' relationship with Europe.
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The European Union: Foreign and Security Policy

The European Union: Foreign and Security Policy

Date: April 8, 2013
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report looks at the relationship between United States and Europe that has become increasingly significant in recent years, and it is likely to grow even more important. In this context, Members of Congress often have an interest in understanding the complexities of EU policy making, assessing the compatibility and effectiveness of U.S. and EU policy approaches, or exploring the long-term implications of changing transatlantic dynamics.
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