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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Department of Defense Fuel Costs in Iraq
Since the invasion of Iraq in 2003, the average price of fuels purchased for military operations in Iraq has steadily increased. The disparity between the higher price of fuel supplied to the United States Central Command compared to Iraq's civilian population has been a point of contention. Several factors contribute to the disparity, including the different types of fuel used by the military compared to Iraqi civilians, the Iraqi government's price subsidies, and the level pricing that the DOD's Defense Logistics Agency charges for military customers around the world. The Iraqi government has been pressured to reduce its fuel subsidy and black market fuel prices remain higher than the official subsidized price. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10776/
NATO and the European Union
Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6481/
NATO and the European Union
Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8362/
NATO and the European Union
Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5920/
NATO and the European Union
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7160/
Trends in Discretionary Funding
Discretionary spending is essentially all spending on federal wages and salaries. Discretionary spending is often divided into defense, domestic discretionary, and international outlays. Defense and domestic discretionary spending compose nearly all of discretionary spending. The Obama Administration contends that many domestic priorities have been underfunded and has proposed some cuts in defense spending. The current economic and financial turmoil, which has led to several major federal interventions, is projected to increase non-defense spending over the next several fiscal years. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26272/
The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources
This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment and legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as potential options for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84034/
The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources
This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment (provisions under the 1941 Fifth Supplemental Department of Defense Appropriations Act) and legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as potential options for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98044/
The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources
This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment and legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as potential options for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40183/
The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources
This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment and legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as potential options for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc272083/
The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources
This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment, legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, and potential options for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc282344/
Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress
This report discusses the current moratorium on the conduct of Department of Defense (DOD) public-private competitions under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76 and issues for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83929/
Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress
This report discusses the current moratorium on the conduct of Department of Defense (DOD) public-private competitions under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76 and issues for Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc87147/
Military Base Closures: Role and Cost of Environmental Cleanup
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9952/
Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10175/
Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7237/
Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7236/
Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7235/
Military Base Closures: Cleanup of Contaminated Properties for Civilian Reuse
In 2005, the 109th Congress approved a new Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) round. As the Department of Defense (DOD) implements the new round, issues for Congress include the pace and costs of closing and realigning the selected installations and the impacts on surrounding communities. The disposal of surplus property has stimulated interest among affected communities in how the land can be redeveloped to replace jobs lost as a result of the planned closures. Environmental contamination can limit the potential for economic redevelopment if the availability of funding or technological capabilities constrains the degree of cleanup needed to make the land suitable for its intended use. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10627/
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11
This report analyzes war funding for the Department of Defense (DOD) and tracks funding for USAID and Veteran's Affairs (VA) Medical funding. Information on costs helps Congress to assess the FY2010 Supplemental for war costs for the Department of Defense (DOD) and State/USAID FY2011 war requests; conduct oversight of past war costs; and consider the longer-term costs implications of the buildup of troops in Afghanistan and potential problems in the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99090/
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11
This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9404/
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11
This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9500/
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11
This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9499/
Troop Levels in the Afghan and Iraq Wars, FY2001-FY2012: Cost and Other Potential Issues
In February and March 2009, the Obama Administration announced its overall plans to increase troop levels in Afghanistan and decrease troop levels in Iraq for 2009 through 2011. Using several Department of Defense (DOD) data reports, this report describes, analyzes, and estimates deployed troop strength from the 9/11 attacks to FY2012 to provide Congress with a tool to assess current and future DOD war funding requests; implications for the U.S. military presence in the region; and deployment burdens on individual service members and each of the services. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26175/
Intelligence Spending: Public Disclosure Issues
This report describes the constituent parts of the intelligence budget, past practice in handling intelligence authorizations and appropriations, the arguments that have been advanced for and against making intelligence spending totals public, a legal analysis of these issues, and a review of the implications of post-Cold War developments on the question. It also describes past congressional interest in keeping intelligence spending totals secret. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26040/
Military Aircraft, the F/A-18EF Super Hornet Program: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9698/
Military Aircraft, the F/A-18EF Super Hornet Program: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7257/
Navy F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and EA-18G Growler Aircraft: Background and Issues for Congress
The F/A-18E/F Super Hornet is the Navy's highest priority aviation modernization program. The decision to undertake F/A-18E/F Super Hornet program was made during a period of great turbulence in Navy aviation modernization. During this time frame the Navy struggled to identify and implement the best way to modernize its aging fleet of F-14 fighters and A-6E attack aircraft. The Department of Defense is currently facing a shortage of radar and communications jamming capability. The Super Hornet has been approved for international export, but no sales have been made as of June 2006. Key issues surrounding the program relate to the total number of Super Hornets to be procured. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10485/
Proposed Termination of Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) F136 Alternate Engine
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9220/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8562/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9853/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
This report examines the Department of Defense's (DOD) four largest tactical aircraft modernization programs. The background section provides a brief description of each program, and a discussion of how tactical aircraft fit into military air operations: the missions they typically perform and how they contrast to longer-range combat aircraft. The analysis section examines a number of policy issues, including affordability, capability required, force structure, service roles and missions, industrial base, and transformation. The paper concludes with a synopsis of recent congressional action on these programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10306/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7828/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8377/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
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Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3640/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3639/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2054/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6880/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6879/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6432/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5665/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5664/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5663/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5662/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6336/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5661/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5660/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5659/
Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3643/
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