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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2010
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Average Years of Service for Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, 1st - 111th Congresses

Average Years of Service for Members of the Senate and House of Representatives, 1st - 111th Congresses

Date: November 2, 2010
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric & Hemlin, Erin
Description: The average tenure of Members of the Senate and House of Representatives at the beginning of each Congress has varied substantially since 1789. The purpose of this report is to provide a Congress-by-Congress summary of the average years of service for Senators and Representatives for the First through the 111th Congresses. The report contains a brief summary of some of the explanations by political scientists and others for the various changes in the average years of service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The War Powers Resolution: After Thirty-Six Years

The War Powers Resolution: After Thirty-Six Years

Date: April 22, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report discusses and assesses the War Powers Resolution and its application since enactment in 1973, providing detailed background on various cases in which it was used, as well as cases in which issues of its applicability were raised.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

War Powers Resolution: Presidential Compliance

Date: September 23, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: Two separate but closely related issues confront Congress each time the President introduces armed forces into a situation abroad that conceivably could lead to their involvement in hostilities. One issue concerns the division of war powers between the President and Congress, whether the use of armed forces falls within the purview of the congressional power to declare war and the War Powers Resolution. The other issue is whether or not Congress concurs in the wisdom of the action. A longer-term issue is whether the War Powers Resolution is an appropriate and effective means of assuring congressional participation in actions that might get the United States involved in war.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Waste, Fraud, and Abuse in Agency Travel Card Programs

Waste, Fraud, and Abuse in Agency Travel Card Programs

Date: March 15, 2010
Creator: Hatch, Garrett
Description: This report begins by discussing the structure of agency travel card programs, and then discusses weaknesses in agency controls that have contributed to waste, fraud, and abuse. It then examines relevant legislation introduced or enacted in the 111th Congress, including the Government Charge Card Abuse Prevention Act of 2009 (H.R. 2189 and S. 942), and concludes with observations on the information available to Congress for oversight of agency travel card programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Waste, Fraud, and Abuse in Agency Travel Card Programs

Waste, Fraud, and Abuse in Agency Travel Card Programs

Date: September 28, 2010
Creator: Hatch, Garrett
Description: The Travel and Transportation Reform Act of 1998 required federal employees to use travel charge cards to pay for the expenses of official government travel. The dollar volume of travel card transaction has nearly doubled from FY1999 to FY2009. This report discusses card misuse committed by federal employees, and Congress's response, which has included hearings and legislation intended to enhance travel card management and oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Committee Types and Roles

Committee Types and Roles

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report briefly describes the structure of the congressional committee system and the types of congressional committees, as well as congressional subcommittees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guide to Individuals Seated on the House Dais

Guide to Individuals Seated on the House Dais

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report describes the House of Representatives officers who sit on the three tiers of the House chamber's central dais.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Legislative Process on the Senate Floor: An Introduction

The Legislative Process on the Senate Floor: An Introduction

Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report provides a brief introduction to the legislative process on the Senate floor, including filibusters and cloture, restraint and delay, scheduling legislative business, unanimous consent agreements, the daily order of business, the amending process, and quorum calls and rollcall votes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Office of the Parliamentarian in the House and Senate

The Office of the Parliamentarian in the House and Senate

Date: July 14, 2010
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the Office of the Parliamentarian, which provides expert advice and assistance on questions relating to the meaning and application of that chamber's legislative rules, precedents, and practices, in both the House and Senate. The Speaker began naming a parliamentarian in 1927; the Senate first recognized its parliamentarian in 1935.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2010

Party Leaders in the United States Congress, 1789-2010

Date: June 29, 2010
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report briefly describes current responsibilities and selection mechanisms for 15 House and Senate party leadership posts and provides tables with historical data, including service dates, party affiliation, and other information for each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department