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 Country: United States
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Law of Church and State: The Proposed Religious Freedom Amendment, H.J. Res. 78

The Law of Church and State: The Proposed Religious Freedom Amendment, H.J. Res. 78

Date: April 20, 1998
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report summarizes legislative developments on the proposal and briefly analyzes its likely legal effect if added to the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Habitat Modification and the Endangered Species Act: The Sweet Home Decision

Habitat Modification and the Endangered Species Act: The Sweet Home Decision

Date: July 6, 1995
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the Endangered Species Act, the regulation of the Fish and Wildlife Service defining "harm" for purposes of the "take" prohibitions of the Endangered Species Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statutory Modifications of the Application of NEPA

Statutory Modifications of the Application of NEPA

Date: May 1, 1998
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: From time to time, Congress has considered the operation of the National Environmental Policy Act. While Congress has amended the statute itself only twice since its enactment, Congress has often enacted provisions that modify the application of the Act or specify the extent of the documents that need be prepared in particular instances or contexts. This report collects and lists examples of such provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Air Quality and Transportation Enhancement Provisions in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Description: This report describes how the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ) and enhancement programs function, examines the policy issues surrounding them, and summarizes relevant provisions in major legislation to reauthorize ISTEA in the 105th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-98

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-98

Date: February 9, 1999
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: Farm commodity programs were a product of the Great Depression. This report discusses the history of farm commodity legislation. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to administer a variety of programs providing price support and income protection for the nations farmers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Date: April 16, 1997
Creator: Blodgett, John E.
Description: This report discusses a recurring issue in environmental policy: the cost of pollution control imposed on individuals, businesses, and governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marine Mammal Protection Act Amendments of 1994

Marine Mammal Protection Act Amendments of 1994

Date: September 28, 1994
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: This report summarizes provisions of the Marine Mammal Protection Act Amendments of 1994 and outlines this Act's implementation schedule for use by Members of Congress and their staff.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individual Transferable Quotas in Fishery Management

Individual Transferable Quotas in Fishery Management

Date: September 25, 1995
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: This report discusses individual transferable quota (ITQ), which is an allocated privilege of landing a specified portion of the total annual fish catch in the form of quota shares.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Financing

Campaign Financing

Date: October 16, 1998
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Description: Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system. This report discusses the debate regarding campaign finance regulation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advertising Law: An Overview

Federal Advertising Law: An Overview

Date: February 9, 1998
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report provides a brief overview of federal law with respect to five selected advertising issues: alcohol advertising, tobacco advertising, the Federal Trade Commission Act, advertising by mail, and advertising by telephone. There are numerous federal statutes regulating advertising that do not fit within any of these categories; as random examples, the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires disclosures in advertisements for prescription drugs ; the Truth in Lending Act governs the advertising of consumer credit ; and a federal criminal statute makes it illegal falsely to convey in an advertisement that a business is connected with a federal agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ocean Dumping Act: A Summary of the Law

Ocean Dumping Act: A Summary of the Law

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: The Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act has two basic aims: to regulate international ocean disposal of materials, into authorized related research. Permit and enforcement provisions of the law are often referred to as the Ocean Dumping Act. The basic provisions of the act have remained virtually unchanged since 1972, when it was enacted to establish a comprehensive waste management system to regulate disposal or dumping of all materials into marine waters that are within U.S. jurisdiction, although a number of new authorities have been added. This report represents a summary of the law, describing the essence of the statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Reform: Overview and Comparison of S. 507 and H.R. 400

Patent Reform: Overview and Comparison of S. 507 and H.R. 400

Date: April 16, 1998
Creator: Dorothy Schrader
Description: H.R. 400 and S. 507 are similar but different omnibus patent reform proposals. Both bills generally transform the Patent and Trademark Office into a government corporation; require publication of patent applications 18 months after filing, subject to certain exceptions that differ in these bills; and extend the patent term for certain delays in patent issuance. S. 507 also contains provisions on patent reexamination reform. This report summarizes and compares the bills and reviews arguments for and against the proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Date: June 3, 1996
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is the product of legislative efforts stretching back well over a decade and stimulated to passage in part by the tragedies in Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. This report summarizes the six titles of the Act, its sources, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration-Related Provisions of Selected Bills on Religious Persecution

Immigration-Related Provisions of Selected Bills on Religious Persecution

Date: June 4, 1998
Creator: Eig, Larry M & Vialet, Joyce
Description: This report analyzes immigration-related provisions of H.R. 2431, the “Freedom from Religious Persecution Act,” as passed by the House on May 14, 1998, and S. 1868, the “International Religious Freedom Act,” as introduced in the Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway and Transit Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway and Transit Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Date: March 6, 1998
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report discusses the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), programs which are continuing to operate on the basis of limited interim financing enacted in the closing moments of the 1st Session.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Criminal Court Treaty: Description, Policy Issues, and Congressional Concerns

The International Criminal Court Treaty: Description, Policy Issues, and Congressional Concerns

Date: January 6, 1999
Creator: Grigorian, Ellen
Description: This report discusses the events leading to the creation of a permanent international criminal tribunal and U.S. perspectives on the Court including: problematic provisions in the ICC Treaty, congressional considerations, and potential implications for U.S. foreign policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food and Agriculture Issues in the 105th Congress

Food and Agriculture Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: December 28, 1998
Creator: Jones, Jean Y.
Description: This report examines various budget issues regarding food and agriculture in the 105th Congress, examining recent developments and then taking a look a the context of those developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: House and Senate Amendments to Juvenile Justice Legislation

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: House and Senate Amendments to Juvenile Justice Legislation

Date: August 20, 1999
Creator: Jones, Nancy L.
Description: This report discusses legislative issues regarding the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which provides federal funds to the states to assist them in providing an education for children with disabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Programs: Sugar

Farm Commodity Programs: Sugar

Date: April 24, 1998
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report discusses the federal sugar program, which authorized by the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 seeks to ensure the viability of the U.S. sugar producing sector primarily by supporting the incomes of sugar beet and sugarcane producers and of those firms that process each crop into sugar.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Lobbying Regulations on Non-Profit Organizations

Date: September 27, 1996
Creator: Maskell, Jack H.
Description: This report is intended to provide a brief overview of the various potential restrictions upon or regulation of the lobbying activities of non-profit organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Promulgating Procedural Rules For the United States District Courts and Courts of Appeals

Promulgating Procedural Rules For the United States District Courts and Courts of Appeals

Date: March 26, 1998
Creator: Morgan, P. L.
Description: This report sketches the manner in which procedural rules for United States district courts and United States courts of appeals are adopted or modified and the participants in the process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Changes to Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA 97, P.L. 105-33) Provisions

Medicare: Changes to Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA 97, P.L. 105-33) Provisions

Date: November 19, 1999
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Merck, Carolyn L; Smith, Madeleine T & Tilson, Sibyl L
Description: This report summarizes the major provisions of the agreement between the by House and Senate negotiators on the Medicare provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementing Acid Rain Legislation

Implementing Acid Rain Legislation

Date: November 15, 1994
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses the broad-ranging provisions in Title IV of The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (P.L. 101-549), which raise myriad implementation issues, particularly with respect to the system of tradable "allowances."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementing Acid Rain Legislation

Implementing Acid Rain Legislation

Date: April 5, 1995
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: This report discusses the broad-ranging provisions in Title IV of The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (P.L. 101-549), which raise myriad implementation issues, particularly with respect to the system of tradable "allowances."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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