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 Decade: 1980-1989
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Legal Analysis of President Reagan's Proposed Constitutional Amendment on School Prayer

Legal Analysis of President Reagan's Proposed Constitutional Amendment on School Prayer

Date: June 2, 1982
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prayer and Religion in the Public Schools: What Is, and Is Not, Permitted

Prayer and Religion in the Public Schools: What Is, and Is Not, Permitted

Date: September 4, 1980
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term

Supreme Court: Church-State Cases, October 1983 Term

Date: December 14, 1983
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Soviet Invasion and U.S. Response

Afghanistan: Soviet Invasion and U.S. Response

Date: May 2, 1980
Creator: Afghanistan Task Force
Description: The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan has raised a number of serious issues and choices for the United States. The train of events seem likely to have an important influence on overall American foreign policy in the 1980s. Reassessment of Soviet motives and of U.S. roles in the world are already in progress. Emerging American attitudes, in turn, will shape more specific policy decisions on several issues, which this issue brief discusses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Japan: Prospects for Greater Market Openness

Date: June 26, 1989
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: Japan has made considerable progress in opening its economy to imports, but significant obstacles remain. This report analyzes the underlying causes of Japan's market protection and assesses the prospects for Japan moving in the direction of greater market openness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conrail Sale: Labor Aspects

Conrail Sale: Labor Aspects

Date: June 27, 1985
Creator: Ahmuty, Alice L
Description: This report presents the issues discussed by Congress in regard to Conrail’s sale. In examining the issues in Conrail's sale, Congress most likely will consider the welfare of Conrail employees as affected by the terms and conditions of the sale. Should negotiations on labor conditions with the final bidder fail, Congress might be asked to include labor conditions as part of any legislation related to the sale of Conrail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity - The Comparable Worth Issue: Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value; By What Standards and By What Means?

Pay Equity - The Comparable Worth Issue: Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value; By What Standards and By What Means?

Date: April 20, 1983
Creator: Ahmuty, Alice L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ethylene Dibromide: Regulatory Background

Ethylene Dibromide: Regulatory Background

Date: February 8, 1984
Creator: Aidala, James V
Description: Much attention has recently been focused on the chemical ethylene dibromide (EDB). This chemical has been widely used in leaded gasoline, and has also been used to treat grains, citrus and other crops. It has been found in foods and in groundwater. This paper examines the possible health effects of exposure to EDB, as well as its regulation. The possible health effects and regulation of various chemical and physical alternatives to EDB are also examined. This paper concludes with some policy considerations pertinent to EDB.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pesticides Regulation: Current Issues

Pesticides Regulation: Current Issues

Date: May 14, 1984
Creator: Aidala, James V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Predator Control and Compound 1080

Predator Control and Compound 1080

Date: May 4, 1984
Creator: Aidala, Jim
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Changing World of Financial Intermediaries and Related Institutions: Survey of Major Developments and Their Implications for Public Policy

The Changing World of Financial Intermediaries and Related Institutions: Survey of Major Developments and Their Implications for Public Policy

Date: December 30, 1982
Creator: Allen, Julius W
Description: Inflation, high and variable interest rates, and new electronic technology have had a profound impact on financial institutions throughout the world. This report surveys how the various kinds of financial institutions in the United States have been affected by these developments, how they have reacted, what major legislative action has been taken, and what policy issues remain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress

Women in the United States Congress

Date: April 24, 1985
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: This report identifies women who have served as U.S. Senators or Representatives. It notes their party affiliation, the States they have represented, the dates of their appointment or election, the length of their service, their committee assignments, and their service in committee chairmanships.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Common Legal Questions and Answers Concerning Currency, Legal Tender and Money

Common Legal Questions and Answers Concerning Currency, Legal Tender and Money

Date: July 5, 1983
Creator: American Law Division
Description: This report answers common legal questions relating to currency, legal tender, and money.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Economic Analysis and Brief Legislative Overview of Usury Ceilings

An Economic Analysis and Brief Legislative Overview of Usury Ceilings

Date: July 2, 1981
Creator: Anderson, William
Description: This report gives an economic analysis of usury ceilings, laws which set the maximum legal rate of interest to be charged on particular types of loans. It provides a brief overview of recent Federal l e g i s l a t i o n dealing with usury, with special emphasis on the Federal authorities mandated by P.L. 96-221, and the effectiveness of Federal preemption of State usury laws.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Acid Rain: Does it Contribute to Forest Decline?

Acid Rain: Does it Contribute to Forest Decline?

Date: January 24, 1985
Creator: Backiel, Adela
Description: This minibrief describes the major hypothesis explaining why acid rain may be contributing to forest decline, along with the major arguments against this hypothesis. For additional information on acid rain and current legislation for pollutant emissions controls, see IB83016 -- Acid Rain: Current Issues, and IB83005 -- Clean Air Act: An Overview.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sport Hunting in Alaska

Sport Hunting in Alaska

Date: May 1, 1984
Creator: Backiel, Adela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Black and Hispanic Federal Judges: 1900 to Present

Black and Hispanic Federal Judges: 1900 to Present

Date: August 9, 1983
Creator: Bailey, Dorothy J
Description: This report shows that in recent years, attention has increasingly focused upon the minority composition of the Federal judiciary, in apparent response to concerns that judges appointed to the Federal bench should more compositely reflect the U.S. population they serve. Two of the larger U.S. subpopulations served by the Federal judiciary are blacks and Hispanics. Accordingly, this mini brief lists chronologically and cumulatively the appointments of blacks and Hispanics to the Federal bench, which includes the U.S.Supreme Court, Circuit Courts of Appeals, and District courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parental Notification for Family Planning Services: Title X Regulations

Parental Notification for Family Planning Services: Title X Regulations

Date: May 18, 1983
Creator: Bailey, Susan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ethiopian Food Situation: International Response

Ethiopian Food Situation: International Response

Date: June 28, 1985
Creator: Barnes, Lafayette
Description: The United States has donated the largest share of the world-wide relief effort. Members of Congress nave passed legislation, the African Famine Relief and Recovery Act of 1985 (2.L. 99-8), authorizing emergency relief assistance to Ethiopia and other famine-stricken countries. Some observers favor trying to remove restrictions that prohibit long-term agricultural development assistance and other forms of economic aid to Ethiopia, but many continue to believe that aid to this Marxist-oriented nation should be limited to humanitarian relief. The Ethiopian food situation will probably remain a central issue among U.S. lawmakers and relief officials during the 99th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Reference Sources For Use by Congressional Offices: An Annotated Selection of Publications and Services

Basic Reference Sources For Use by Congressional Offices: An Annotated Selection of Publications and Services

Date: December 15, 1982
Creator: Barry, Rozanne M & Ovenshire, Ruthann
Description: This is an annotated guide to publications and other sources of information useful to Members of Congress and their staffs, covering congressional office management, the organization and operation of Congress, legislative responsibilities, services to constituents, and other duties of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications

The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications

Date: July 13, 1983
Creator: Bass, Gwenell L
Description: This report reviews the economics of joint ventures by focusing on their implication for market competition. It also reviews the legislative history of mergers and joint ventures with special emphasis on aspects of the law that are directed at reducing market concentration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compendium of Precedents Involving Evidentiary Rulings and Applications of Evidentiary Principles from Selected Impeachment Trials

Compendium of Precedents Involving Evidentiary Rulings and Applications of Evidentiary Principles from Selected Impeachment Trials

Date: July 3, 1989
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B; Shampansky, Jay R; Crump, Karen & Nicholson, Maribel
Description: At the present time, there are no binding rules of evidence or set of evidentiary principles to be applied in Senate impeachment trials. Rather, recourse is taken to the evidentiary rules and principles applicable in contemporaneous court proceedings and to precedents from past impeachment trial to provide guidance for Senate Impeachment Trial Committees or for the full Senate on evidentiary questions which arise in the impeachment context. This report compiles evidentiary precedents from the Senate impeachment trials of Judges Harry E. Claiborne, Halsted Ritter, Harold Louderback, and Charles Swayne. The evidentiary rulings and principles gleaned from this examination are arranged in subject matter categories, and within those categories, in reverse chronological order by trial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genocide Convention

Genocide Convention

Date: July 25, 1985
Creator: Bite, Vita
Description: The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide has been a matter of pending business before the Senate since its transmittal to that body in 1949. On May 21, 1985, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee recommended that the Senate give its advice and consent to ratification of the Convention subject to eight conditions: two reservations, five understandings, and one declaration. This report examines the differing opinions on whether and under what conditions the Senate should approve ratification of the Genocide Convention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy

Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy

Date: November 24, 1982
Creator: Bite, Vita
Description: Following a review of such broad policy issues, this report treats specific human rights issues of current interest. Discussions of controversy over the selection of an Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs and of human rights policy at the international financial institutions are followed by reviews of U.S. human rights policy toward Argentina, El Salvador, Nicaragua, South Africa, and the Soviet Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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