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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Department of Defense Fuel Costs in Iraq

Department of Defense Fuel Costs in Iraq

Date: July 23, 2008
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: Since the invasion of Iraq in 2003, the average price of fuels purchased for military operations in Iraq has steadily increased. The disparity between the higher price of fuel supplied to the United States Central Command compared to Iraq's civilian population has been a point of contention. Several factors contribute to the disparity, including the different types of fuel used by the military compared to Iraqi civilians, the Iraqi government's price subsidies, and the level pricing that the DOD's Defense Logistics Agency charges for military customers around the world. The Iraqi government has been pressured to reduce its fuel subsidy and black market fuel prices remain higher than the official subsidized price.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Date: July 30, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses NASA's exemptions from the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA) as it relates to the International Space Station (ISS). It provides background information on the ISS and nonproliferation as well as INA origins and relation to the ISS. It also discusses amendments to the INA, current plans for the ISS, and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Extending NASA's Exemption from the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act

Date: October 1, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000 (INA), which was enacted to help stop foreign transfers to Iran of weapons of mass destruction, missile technology, and advanced conventional weapons technology, particularly from Russia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline Prices: Legislation in the 110th Congress

Gasoline Prices: Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Description: This report, after analyzing factors that have contributed to high gasoline prices, describes the major legislative initiatives and discusses the issues involved in energy policy proposals, including reducing impacts on consumers and supply and demand.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union's Energy Security Challenges

The European Union's Energy Security Challenges

Date: January 30, 2008
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report examines some of Europe's critical energy security challenges and EU efforts to coordinate a common European energy strategy. It also includes an overview of broader transatlantic energy security cooperation and will be updated as needed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Greenhouse Gas Emission Drivers: Population, Economic Development and Growth, and Energy Use

Greenhouse Gas Emission Drivers: Population, Economic Development and Growth, and Energy Use

Date: February 13, 2008
Creator: Blodgett, John & Parker, Larry
Description: This report examines the interrelationships of the variables regarding the debate on climate change to explore their implications for policies that address the problem. The three variables underpinning the debates and justified response to the issue are: the magnitude and rates of change of (1) population growth, (2) incomes, and (3) intensity of greenhouse gas emissions relative to economic activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Rights Related to Oil Shale Development in the Upper Colorado River Basin

Water Rights Related to Oil Shale Development in the Upper Colorado River Basin

Date: November 18, 2008
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: Concerns over fluctuating oil prices and declining petroleum production worldwide have revived interest in oil shale as a potential resource. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-58) identified oil shale as a strategically important domestic resource and directed the Department of the Interior to promote commercial development. Oil shale development would require significant amounts of water, however, and water supply in the Colorado River Basin, where several oil shale reserves are located, is limited. This report will provide a brief overview of water rights in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming, including changes that may be made to currently held water rights and the possibility for abandonment of unused water rights.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Cellulosic Biofuels: Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress

Date: November 7, 2008
Creator: Capehart, Tom
Description: This report discusses Cellulosic biofuels, which are produced from cellulose derived from renewable biomass. They are thought by many to hold the key to increased benefits from renewable biofuels because they are made from low-cost, diverse, non-food feedstocks, and could also potentially decrease the fossil energy required to produce ethanol, resulting in lower greenhouse gas emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy Policy in the 2008 Farm Bill

Renewable Energy Policy in the 2008 Farm Bill

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Capehart, Tom
Description: This report discusses the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246, the 2008 farm bill) which extends and expands many of the renewable energy programs originally authorized in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-171, 2002 farm bill).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biofuels Provisions in the 2007 Energy Bill and the 2008 Farm Bill: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Biofuels Provisions in the 2007 Energy Bill and the 2008 Farm Bill: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Date: June 27, 2008
Creator: Capehart, Tom; Schnepf, Randy & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: The report discusses the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), also known as the 2007 energy bill. It also describes the key elements of EISA and the 2008 Farm Bill. The report provides a table with comparison of current or prior law with biofuels provisions in EISA and the enacted Farm Bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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