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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2005
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
DR-CAFTA Labor Rights Issues

DR-CAFTA Labor Rights Issues

Date: June 2, 2005
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: The U.S.-Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (DRCAFTA) is the eighth free trade agreement to include labor protections.1 Labor concerns tend to focus on three main questions: (1) How strong are labor laws in DRCAFTA countries?2 (2) Are those labor laws being adequately enforced? and (3) Does DR- CAFTA comply with the principal negotiating objectives for trade agreements outlined in the Trade Act of 2002?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: None
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Federal Affirmative Action Law: A Brief History

Federal Affirmative Action Law: A Brief History

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity Legislation in the 109th Congress

Pay Equity Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V & Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Affirmative Action: Justice O'Connor's Opinions

Affirmative Action: Justice O'Connor's Opinions

Date: July 19, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Description: An examination of Justice O’Connor’s opinions reveals a gradual shift in perspective regarding the legal and constitutional standards to be applied in evaluating governmental affirmative action efforts, and the manner of their application in various legal and factual settings. This report briefly surveys decisions of retiring Justice Sandra Day O’Connor in affirmative action cases, an area where her opinions have frequently determined the outcome.
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Katrina Relief: U.S. Labor Department Exemption of Contractors from Written Affirmative Action Requirements

Katrina Relief: U.S. Labor Department Exemption of Contractors from Written Affirmative Action Requirements

Date: September 27, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
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National Security Whistleblowers

National Security Whistleblowers

Date: December 30, 2005
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: None
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Association Health Plans: Legislation in the 109th Congress

Association Health Plans: Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: An estimated 41.2 million people were without health insurance in 2001. Legislation under consideration by the 108th and earlier Congresses is intended to assist small employers in offering health insurance as a benefit to their workers. A new bill, H.R. 4281, introduced on May 5, 2004, The Small Business Health Fairness Act of 2003 (H.R. 6601s. 545), and a number of bills from the earlier Congresses include provisions creating new groups for small firms to join or encouraging the growth of existing groups so that small employers can band together to offer coverage to their employees. Opponents of the AHP approach raise concerns that unintended negative consequences would arise, negating the benefits that the new groups would create. While the proposed AHPs are not likely to immediately undermine the small group market, they are likely to require additional features to significantly expand insurance coverage among the uninsured.
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Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: August 8, 2005
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
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Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: December 1, 2005
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
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Employment-Related Issues in Bankruptcy

Employment-Related Issues in Bankruptcy

Date: November 1, 2005
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report provides an overview of the status of employee wages and benefits, including retiree benefits, when an employer files in bankruptcy, and the amendments made to the U.S. Bankruptcy Code by the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act. This report examines those provisions in the U.S. Bankruptcy Code which govern the priority of employee wage and benefit claims, including severance payments; procedures for a chapter 1 1 debtor to modify benefits under a collective bargaining agreement; and procedures for a chapter 11 debtor to modify retiree life and health insurance benefits. It examines the role of employees on creditor committees and procedures in bankruptcy that facilitate lawsuits that may be directed at an employer/debtor. Finally, it considers the treatment accorded some aspects of managerial compensation, such as retention bonuses.
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Services in Private Schools under P.L. 108-446

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Services in Private Schools under P.L. 108-446

Date: February 7, 2005
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report examines the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, P.L. 108-446, which makes several changes to the previous law regarding children with disabilities in private schools. Generally, children with disabilities enrolled by their parents in private schools are to be provided special education and related services to the extent consistent with the number and location of such children in the school district served by a LEA pursuant to several requirements. These requirements include new provisions relating to direct services to parentally placed private school children with disabilities, the calculation of the proportionate amount of funds, and a requirement for record keeping.
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Offshoring (a.k.a. Offshore Outsourcing) and Job Insecurity Among U.S. Workers

Offshoring (a.k.a. Offshore Outsourcing) and Job Insecurity Among U.S. Workers

Date: May 2, 2005
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prevailing Wage Requirements and the Emergency Suspension of the Davis-Bacon Act

Prevailing Wage Requirements and the Emergency Suspension of the Davis-Bacon Act

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Luckey, John R & Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
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Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response

Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response

Date: June 24, 2005
Creator: Miko, Francis T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Benefits for Noncitizens: Current Policy and Legislation

Social Security Benefits for Noncitizens: Current Policy and Legislation

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn & Siskin, Alison
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: Cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) are based on the rate of inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). COLAs for both CSRS and FERS are determined by the average monthly CPI-W during the third quarter (July to September) of the current calendar year and the third quarter of the previous year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees: Pay and Pension Increases Since 1969

Federal Employees: Pay and Pension Increases Since 1969

Date: January 21, 2005
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: Pay increases for current federal employees and cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for retired federal employees often differ because they are based on changes in different economic variables. Increases in pay for civilian federal workers are indexed to wage and salary increases in the private-sector, as measured by the Employment Cost Index (ECI), while federal retirement and disability benefits are indexed to price increases as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This report discusses the procedures for determining such increases.
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Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Date: September 14, 2005
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits, Vegetables, and Other Specialty Crops: A Primer on Government Programs

Fruits, Vegetables, and Other Specialty Crops: A Primer on Government Programs

Date: January 26, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: U.S. farmers grow more than 250 types of fruit, vegetable, tree nut, flower, ornamental nursery, and turfgrass crops in addition to the major bulk commodity crops. Although specialty crops are ineligible for the federal commodity price and income support programs, they are eligible for other types of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) support, such as crop insurance, disaster assistance, and, under certain conditions, ad hoc market loss assistance payments. This report describes the federal programs of importance to the specialty crop sector, and provides the most recent funding information available for them.
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Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: December 15, 2005
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The report then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising several issues for policy consideration that may be helpful as the 109th Congress continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Labor in West African Cocoa Production: Issues and U.S. Policy

Child Labor in West African Cocoa Production: Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: July 13, 2005
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji; Hanrahan, Charles E & Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report outlines how and where cocoa is produced, discusses the use of abusive child labor in the industry, efforts by Congress to counter abusive child labor — including the Harkin-Engel Protocol, and initiatives by affected governments and international organizations to address the problem. This report also provides possible policy options that might undertaken to stop the use of child labor in cocoa production.
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DOD's National Security Personnel System: Provisions of Law and Implementation Plans

DOD's National Security Personnel System: Provisions of Law and Implementation Plans

Date: March 11, 2005
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Description: This report discusses each of the provisions in Title XI of P.L. 108-136 and plans to implement the law. Title XI of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2004, P.L. 108-136, includes provisions on a National Security Personnel System (NSPS) for the Department of Defense (DOD) and provisions on personnel management that are applicable government-wide. The law was enacted on November 24, 2003.
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