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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

The Role of Designation of Critical Habitat under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Date: August 27, 2004
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005

Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005

Date: December 20, 2004
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: This report provides background information on each defense-related environmental program, discusses key funding issues, and examines relevant provisions in authorization legislation and appropriations for FY2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 25, 2004
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: The Clean Water Act Issues has again received attention in the 108th Congress. At issue is how the federal government will assist states and cities in meeting needs to rebuild, repair, and upgrade wastewater treatment plants, especially in light of capital costs which are projected to be as much as $390 billion over the next two decades. In October 2004, the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee reported legislation to authorize $20 billion in funding for clean water infrastructure (S. 2550), while in July 2003, a House Transportation and Infrastructure subcommittee also approved a water infrastructure financing bill (H.R. 1560). Still, prospects for further action during the 108th Congress are uncertain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: December 6, 2004
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses issues regarding the Clean Water Act. Prospects for legislative initiatives to comprehensively amend the Clean Water Act (CWA) have stalled for some time over whether and exactly how to change the law, and Congress has recently focused legislative attention on narrow bills to extend or modify selected CWA programs, rather than taking up comprehensive proposals. For example, the 108th Congress enacted one bill amending the CWA, legislation to reauthorize the National Estuary Program (H.R. 4731, P.L. 108-399).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Date: November 1, 2004
Creator: Corn, M. L.; Gelb, Bernard A. & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses one major element of the energy debate in the 108th Congress, which has been whether to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in northeastern Alaska, and if so, under what conditions, or whether to continue to prohibit development to protect the area's biological resources. The Refuge is an area rich in fauna, flora, and commercial oil potential. Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Date: June 14, 2004
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Date: September 29, 2004
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne; Gelb, Bernard A & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate about whether or not to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge. This report addresses several legislative options on the issue, as well as policymakers' arguments for and against development, especially in the wake of increasing terrorism since 2000-2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol

Date: October 27, 2004
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that was completed December 11, 1997, committing the industrialized nations to specified, legally binding reductions in emissions of six “greenhouse gases.”
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol

Date: June 10, 2004
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that was completed December 11, 1997, committing the industrialized nations to specified, legally binding reductions in emissions of six “greenhouse gases.”
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 10, 2004
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: The 108th Congress has acted on a variety of disparate environmental measures; some of these represent proposals or issues that had been under consideration in the 107th Congress and earlier. Environmental issues considered by Congress tend to fall into several major categories: (1) funding issues — whether funding levels are adequate and focused on appropriate priorities; (2) expanding, renewing, or refocusing specific environment programs; (3) environmental issues that are important “subsets” of other major areas of concern, such as energy, defense, or transportation programs; and more recently, (4) terrorism and infrastructure protection in areas such as wastewater and chemical facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 25, 2004
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: The 108th Congress has acted on a variety of disparate environmental measures; some of these represent proposals or issues that had been under consideration in the 107th Congress and earlier. Environmental issues considered by Congress tend to fall into several major categories: (1) funding issues — whether funding levels are adequate and focused on appropriate priorities; (2) expanding, renewing, or refocusing specific environment programs; (3) environmental issues that are important “subsets” of other major areas of concern, such as energy, defense, or transportation programs; and more recently, (4) terrorism and infrastructure protection in areas such as wastewater and chemical facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Environmental Protection Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 28, 2004
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Isler, Margaret M
Description: The 108th Congress has acted on a variety of disparate environmental measures; some of these represent proposals or issues that had been under consideration in the 107th Congress and earlier. Environmental issues considered by Congress tend to fall into several major categories: (1) funding issues — whether funding levels are adequate and focused on appropriate priorities; (2) expanding, renewing, or refocusing specific environment programs; (3) environmental issues that are important “subsets” of other major areas of concern, such as energy, defense, or transportation programs; and more recently, (4) terrorism and infrastructure protection in areas such as wastewater and chemical facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Analysis and Background on the EPA's Proposed Rules for Regulating Mercury Emissions from Electric Utilities

Legal Analysis and Background on the EPA's Proposed Rules for Regulating Mercury Emissions from Electric Utilities

Date: May 10, 2004
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change

Date: October 29, 2004
Creator: Justus, John R & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report briefly reviews the status of climate science, international negotiations, and congressional activity focused specifically on climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 22, 2004
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: The conference report on the energy bill (H.R. 6), which came to the House and Senate floor for action the week of November 17, 2003, contained several Clean Air Act provisions. Most of these are also contained in S. 2095, a revised version of the bill introduced February 12, 2004, and in H.R. 4503, which passed the House June 15, 2004. Most of the air provisions concern the gasoline additives MTBE and ethanol, used to meet Clean Air Act requirements that reformulated gasoline (RFG) sold in the nation’s worst ozone nonattainment areas contain at least 2% oxygen, to improve combustion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

Date: January 2, 2004
Creator: McCarthy, James E & Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

MTBE in Gasoline: Clean Air and Drinking Water Issues

Date: January 2, 2004
Creator: McCarthy, James E & Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Market-Based Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Global Climate Change: Market-Based Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Date: September 29, 2004
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Market-Based Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Global Climate Change: Market-Based Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

Date: November 18, 2004
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress

Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 19, 2004
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: The Superfund program for cleaning up the nation’s worst hazardous waste sites was created by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, or CERCLA (P.L. 96-510, as amended). This report discusses recent development and background issues, superfund issues, revenue issues, comprehensive reauthorization, and legislation regarding superfund program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress

Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 13, 2004
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: This report discusses recent development and background issues, superfund issues, revenue issues, comprehensive reauthorization, and legislation regarding superfund program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress

Brownfields and Superfund Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: October 27, 2004
Creator: Reisch, Mark
Description: This report discusses the Superfund program for cleaning up the nation's worst hazardous waste sites, created by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, or CERCLA (P.L. 96-510, as amended). It includes recent development and background issues, superfund issues, revenue issues, comprehensive reauthorization, and legislation regarding superfund program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Environmental Protection

The Role of Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Environmental Protection

Date: July 13, 2004
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Drinking Water Act: Implementation and Issues

Safe Drinking Water Act: Implementation and Issues

Date: December 8, 2004
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses key drinking water issues in the 108th Congress involving water infrastructure funding and problems caused by specific contaminants, such as the gasoline additive methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), perchlorate, and lead in drinking water. Congress last reauthorized the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1996, and although funding authority for most SDWA programs expired in FY2003, broad reauthorization efforts were not pursued as EPA, states, and water utilities continued implementing the 1996 amendments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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