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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Europe and Counterterrorism: Strengthening Police and Judicial Cooperation

Europe and Counterterrorism: Strengthening Police and Judicial Cooperation

Date: October 15, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States gave new momentum to European Union (EU) initiatives to combat terrorism and other crossborder crimes such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, and financial fraud. For many years, EU efforts to address such challenges were hampered by national sovereignty concerns, insufficient resources, and a lack of trust among law enforcement agencies. However, the terrorist attacks and the subsequent revelation of Al Qaeda cells in Europe changed this status quo as it became increasingly evident that the EU’s open borders and different legal systems allowed terrorists and other criminals to move around easily and evade arrest and prosecution. Thus, EU officials renewed their efforts to harmonize national laws and bring down traditional barriers among member states’ police, intelligence, and judicial authorities. As part of this initiative, the EU has also sought to enhance ongoing cooperation with U.S. law enforcement and judicial authorities so that information can be meaningfully shared and suspects apprehended expeditiously.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Background and Current Law

The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), and Department of Defense (DOD) Readiness Activities: Background and Current Law

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Baldwin, Pamela
Description: This report provides a brief overview of how the Endangered Species Act (ESA)1 and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA)2 and their relevant regulations may apply to military training and readiness activities of the Department of Defense (DOD). Military activities may “take” protected creatures directly (e.g,. killing with ordnance during rifle, gunnery or assault drills), or might destroy habitat (e.g., artillery or bombing practices), even if these results are not the purpose of the activities. The applicability of the MBTA and ESA to military readiness activities has been controversial recently and legislation has been enacted in both the 107th and 108th Congresses on these topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005

Defense Cleanup and Environmental Programs: Authorization and Appropriations for FY2005

Date: December 20, 2004
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: This report provides background information on each defense-related environmental program, discusses key funding issues, and examines relevant provisions in authorization legislation and appropriations for FY2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Nonproliferation Issues

Nuclear Nonproliferation Issues

Date: June 21, 2004
Creator: Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: October 22, 2004
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Defending U.S. Airspace

Homeland Security: Defending U.S. Airspace

Date: October 13, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Military Use of Airships and Aerostats

Potential Military Use of Airships and Aerostats

Date: November 11, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Military Use of Airships and Aerostats

Potential Military Use of Airships and Aerostats

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq:  U.S. Military Operations and Costs

Iraq: U.S. Military Operations and Costs

Date: November 20, 2004
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Forces: What is the Appropriate Size for the United States?

Military Forces: What is the Appropriate Size for the United States?

Date: May 28, 2004
Creator: Bruner, Edward F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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