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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2001
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Jordan-U.S. Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues
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NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate
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NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate
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NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate
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Pay Equity Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Pay Equity Legislation in the 107th Congress
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Is Globalization the Force Behind Recent Poor U.S. Wage Performance?: An Analysis
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Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries
This report discusses the proposal to assist affected workers in the airlines and related industries in the aftermath of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon that shut down the nation’s air transport system temporarily. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7571/
Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet
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Appropriations for FY2001: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education
Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1697/
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2002
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Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy
This report first explains why the nexus between farm labor shortages and immigration policy has again arisen. It next examines the composition of the seasonal agricultural labor force and presents the arguments of grower and farmworker advocates concerning its adequacy relative to employer demand. The report closes with an analysis of the trends in (un)employment, time worked and wages of legal and illegal farmworkers to determine if they are consistent with the existence of a nationwide shortage of domestically available farmworkers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1378/
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?
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An Information Technology Labor Shortage? Legislation in the 106th Congress
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A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?
The largest, traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there are too few RNs available today to meet employers’ needs, that is, there is a shortage of nurses at the present time. It also has been estimated that there could well be a shortage of RNs in the not-too-distant future. This report will analyze the labor market conditions facing RNs and their employers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1872/
Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response
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Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends
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OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers
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Federal Hiring Flexibilities for Emergency Situations: Fact Sheet
n the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), in a September 13, 2001 memorandum to executive branch agencies, identified various hiring flexibilities that can be used to meet staffing needs in emergency situations. This report provides information on each of the flexibilities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8179/
Enforceability of Mandatory Arbitration Agreements:
In Wright v. Universal Maritime Service Corp., the U.S. Supreme Court found that a mandatory arbitration clause in a collective bargaining agreement was not enforceable because it failed to specify arbitration as the covered employees' sole method of obtaining relief for their statutory claims. Without such explicit language in the agreement, the union could not have made a "clear and unmistakable waiver" of the employees' rights to a judicial forum. Although the Court identified a "clear and unmistakable waiver" standard for determining whether a mandatory arbitration agreement could be enforced, it refrained from deciding whether a union could actually bargain for such a waiver digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1850/
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
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Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers
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Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1382/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1381/
Employer Liability Provisions in Selected Patient Protection Bills
In the various patient protection bills introduced in the 106th (H.R. 5628, S.Amdt. 3694, H.R. 2990) and to date in the 107th (H.R. 526, H.R. 2315, H.R. 2563, S. 889, S. 1052), Congress has attempted to address the issue of employer liability by limiting liability to certain persons or circumstances. This report provides an overview of the employer liability provisions of selected bills from the 106th and 107th Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1856/
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1852/
Minimum Wage and Related Issues Before the 106th Congress: A Status Report
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