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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq

International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq

Date: September 23, 2002
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq

International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq

Date: April 11, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo and NATO: Selected Issues of International Law

Kosovo and NATO: Selected Issues of International Law

Date: April 28, 1999
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO Enlargement: Senate Advice and Consent

NATO Enlargement: Senate Advice and Consent

Date: May 2, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Response to Terrorism: Legal Aspects of the Use of Military Force

Response to Terrorism: Legal Aspects of the Use of Military Force

Date: September 13, 2001
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Date: January 14, 2003
Creator: Ackerman, David M & Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides historical background on the enactment of declarations of war and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. Because the statutes that confer standby authority on the President and the executive branch potentially play such a large role in an armed conflict to which the United States is a party, the report includes an extensive listing and summary of the statutes that are triggered by a declaration of war, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. The report concludes with a summary of the Congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a declaration of war or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hezbollah: Background and Issues for Congress

Hezbollah: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 8, 2010
Creator: Addis, Casey L. & Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses Lebanon's Hezbollah, a Shiite Islamist militia, political party, social welfare organization, and U.S. State Department-designated terrorist organization. The report discusses recent Hezbollah-related conflicts, Hezbollah's relationship with other Lebanese political parties, and U.S. policy regarding Hezbollah.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hezbollah: Background and Issues for Congress

Hezbollah: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 3, 2011
Creator: Addis, Casey L. & Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: Report that discusses Lebanon's Hezbollah, a Shiite Islamist militia, political party, social welfare organization, and U. S. State Department-designated terrorist organization. The report also discusses recent Hezbollah-related conflicts, Hezbollah's relationship with other Lebanese political parties, and U. S. policy regarding Hezbollah.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Soviet Invasion and U.S. Response

Afghanistan: Soviet Invasion and U.S. Response

Date: May 2, 1980
Creator: Afghanistan Task Force
Description: The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan has raised a number of serious issues and choices for the United States. The train of events seem likely to have an important influence on overall American foreign policy in the 1980s. Reassessment of Soviet motives and of U.S. roles in the world are already in progress. Emerging American attitudes, in turn, will shape more specific policy decisions on several issues, which this issue brief discusses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Whales and Sonar: Environmental Exemptions for the Navy's Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training

Whales and Sonar: Environmental Exemptions for the Navy's Mid-Frequency Active Sonar Training

Date: February 18, 2009
Creator: Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses litigation regarding the use of mid-frequency active sonar training exercises and its effects on marine mammals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Fuel Spending, Supply, Acquisition, and Policy

Department of Defense Fuel Spending, Supply, Acquisition, and Policy

Date: March 20, 2009
Creator: Andrews, Anthony
Description: This report discusses various aspects of the Department of Defense's (DOD) fuel consumption and any resulting policy considerations for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Fuel Spending, Supply, Acquisition, and Policy

Department of Defense Fuel Spending, Supply, Acquisition, and Policy

Date: September 22, 2009
Creator: Andrews, Anthony
Description: This report discusses various aspects of the Department of Defense's (DOD) fuel consumption and any resulting policy considerations for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Purchase of Renewable Energy Credits Under the National Defense Authorization Act of 2012

Department of Defense Purchase of Renewable Energy Credits Under the National Defense Authorization Act of 2012

Date: November 27, 2012
Creator: Andrews, Anthony
Description: Report that looks at the background of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (NDAA), the Department of Defense's (DOD) electrical use, and DOD electricity use versus state electricity use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Europe and Counterterrorism: Strengthening Police and Judicial Cooperation

Europe and Counterterrorism: Strengthening Police and Judicial Cooperation

Date: October 15, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States gave new momentum to European Union (EU) initiatives to combat terrorism and other crossborder crimes such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, and financial fraud. For many years, EU efforts to address such challenges were hampered by national sovereignty concerns, insufficient resources, and a lack of trust among law enforcement agencies. However, the terrorist attacks and the subsequent revelation of Al Qaeda cells in Europe changed this status quo as it became increasingly evident that the EU’s open borders and different legal systems allowed terrorists and other criminals to move around easily and evade arrest and prosecution. Thus, EU officials renewed their efforts to harmonize national laws and bring down traditional barriers among member states’ police, intelligence, and judicial authorities. As part of this initiative, the EU has also sought to enhance ongoing cooperation with U.S. law enforcement and judicial authorities so that information can be meaningfully shared and suspects apprehended expeditiously.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: March 6, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: For years, the British and Irish governments sought to facilitate a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Northern Ireland. After many ups and downs, the two governments and the Northern Ireland political parties participating in the peace talks announced an agreement on April 10, 1998. Despite a much improved security situation in the years since then, full implementation of the resulting Good Friday Agreement has been difficult. On May 8, 2007, however, Northern Ireland's devolved political institutions were restored after an almost five-year suspension following a powersharing deal between the largest unionist and nationalist parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: April 13, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: July 12, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: January 19, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Morelli, Vince L.
Description: For years, the British and Irish governments have sought to facilitate a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Northern Ireland. After many ups and downs, the two government and the parties participating in the peace talks announced an agreement on April 10, 1998. The implementation of the resulting Good Friday Agreement continues to be difficult. A political stalemate in Northern Ireland since 2002 has halted the peace process and forced London to suspend the devolved government and to resume governance of the province. British and Irish leaders have set a November 24, 2006, deadline to revive talks on governance in Northern Ireland.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Muslims in Europe: Promoting Integration and Countering Extremism

Muslims in Europe: Promoting Integration and Countering Extremism

Date: September 7, 2011
Creator: Archick, Kristin; Belkin, Paul; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Ek, Carl & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report examines policies aimed at promoting integration, combating terrorism, and countering violent extremism in five European countries with significant Muslim populations: France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The report also evaluates the role of the 27-member European Union (EU) in shaping European laws and policies related to integration and counter-radicalization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Approaches to Homeland Security and Counterterrorism

European Approaches to Homeland Security and Counterterrorism

Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin; Ek, Carl; Gallis, Paul E; Miko, Francis T & Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report examines homeland security and counterterrorist measures in six selected European countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. None of these European countries currently has a single ministry or department equivalent to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. In most of these countries, responsibility for different aspects of homeland security and counterterrorism is scattered across several ministries or different levels of government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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