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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
AIDS in Africa

AIDS in Africa

Date: February 2, 2008
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the AIDS issues in Africa and the Bush administration call to double U.S. international funding for AIDS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Greenhouse Gas Emission Drivers: Population, Economic Development and Growth, and Energy Use

Greenhouse Gas Emission Drivers: Population, Economic Development and Growth, and Energy Use

Date: February 13, 2008
Creator: Blodgett, John
Description: This report examines the interrelationships of the variables regarding the debate on climate change to explore their implications for policies that address the problem. The three variables underpinning the debates and justified response to the issue are: the magnitude and rates of change of (1) population growth, (2) incomes, and (3) intensity of greenhouse gas emissions relative to economic activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy

International Illegal Trade in Wildlife: Threats and U.S. Policy

Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: This report focuses on the international trade in terrestrial fauna, largely excluding trade in illegal plants, including timber, and fish.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rising Food Prices and Global Food Needs: The U.S. Response

Rising Food Prices and Global Food Needs: The U.S. Response

Date: May 8, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses rising food prices that are having impacts across the world, but especially among poor people in the low-income developing countries. The report addresses several issues, such as: Why Are Food Prices Increasing? How Countries Have Responded? Food Aid Funding Shortfalls, and the U.S. Response to Food Aid Funding Shortfalls.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Agricultural Commodity Prices: What Are the Issues?

High Agricultural Commodity Prices: What Are the Issues?

Date: May 29, 2008
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report examines the causes, consequences, and outlook for prices of the major U.S. program crops, and provides references for more detailed information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current U.S. international S&T policy; describes the role of the Department of State (DOS), the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other federal agencies; and discusses possible policy options for Congress. It focuses on international science and technology diplomacy, where American leadership in science and technology is used as a diplomatic tool to enhance another country's development and to improve understanding by other nations of U.S. values and ways of doing business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: Costs and Benefits of S. 2191/S. 3036

Climate Change: Costs and Benefits of S. 2191/S. 3036

Date: May 15, 2008
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: This report examines six studies that project the costs of S. 2191 (S. 3036) to 2030 or 2050. It considers [1] the response of the economy to the technological challenges; [2] the ability to create a considerable amount of low-carbon generating capacity; [3] offsetts as a possible tool to reduce costs and buy time for the development of more efficient technologies; [4] the role of the Carbon Market Efficiency Board; [5] the effect of the Low Carbon Feul Standard; and [6] how the climate-related benefits function in a global context.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E): Background, Status, and Selected Issues for Congress

Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E): Background, Status, and Selected Issues for Congress

Date: August 12, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) design. The report discusses the legislative origins and policy debates prior to ARPA-E authorization and Bush administration response to ARPA-E authorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Credit: Farm Bill Issues

Agricultural Credit: Farm Bill Issues

Date: January 24, 2008
Creator: Monke, Jim
Description: This report discusses agricultural credit, which makes or guarantees loans to farmers who cannot qualify at other lenders, and the Farm Credit System (FCS), which is a network of borrower-owned lending institutions operating as a government-sponsored enterprise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the “Farm Bill”?

What Is the “Farm Bill”?

Date: September 18, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report provides definition of the farm bill (P.L. 110-246, Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008) and information surrounding the bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department