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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Multinational Species Conservation Fund

Multinational Species Conservation Fund

Date: February 22, 2006
Creator: Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Corn, M. L.
Description: The Multinational Species Conservation Fund is a relatively small program within the Fish and Wildlife Service which has generated enormous constituent interest, chiefly concerning its funding levels. This report describes the Fund briefly, and summarizes recent and proposed appropriations levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Derivatives, Risk Management, and Policy in the Energy Markets

Derivatives, Risk Management, and Policy in the Energy Markets

Date: December 11, 2006
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report provides a systematic guide to understanding the use of financial derivative contracts in the energy industry, focusing specifically on the petroleum and natural gas sectors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Quality Issues in the 110th Congress: Oversight and Implementation

Water Quality Issues in the 110th Congress: Oversight and Implementation

Date: March 15, 2007
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses issues surrounding the Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1972 and programs set up to meet the water quality standards that it outlined. The report focuses specifically on the legislative issues for the 110th Congress in relation to the CWA. It also includes a brief comparison of the expected appropriations for FY2007 and FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Date: March 31, 2006
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Resources, Science, and Industry Division.
Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Power: Outlook for New U.S. Reactors

Nuclear Power: Outlook for New U.S. Reactors

Date: November 6, 2006
Creator: Parker, Larry & Holt, Mark
Description: This report includes analyses of the potential effect of the tax credit for nuclear power provided by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and possible competitive effects of various proposals to limit greenhouse gas emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2007

Date: May 2, 2006
Creator: Davey, Michael E.
Description: This report discusses federal research and development (R&D) funding. As in the recent past, the FY2007 increase over the FY2006 estimated funding levels is due to significant funding increases in the Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) space vehicles development program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exemptions from Environmental Law for the Department of Defense: An Overview of Congressional Action

Exemptions from Environmental Law for the Department of Defense: An Overview of Congressional Action

Date: January 9, 2006
Creator: Bearden, David M.
Description: This report discusses the difficulty of assessing the impact of environmental requirements on military readiness, broader exemptions for military activities that Congress has enacted, and DOD's request for additional exemptions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Program Overview and Issues

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund: Program Overview and Issues

Date: February 22, 2008
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996, which authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to protect public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wetlands: An Overview of Issues

Wetlands: An Overview of Issues

Date: December 11, 2006
Creator: Zinn, Jeffrey A. & Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses policy topics that involve wetlands. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service released its most recent periodic survey of changes in wetland acreage nationwide in March 2006. Covering 1998 to 2004, it concluded that during this time period there was a small net gain in overall wetland acres for the first time that this survey has been conducted. Others caution, however, that much of this gain was in ponds, rather than natural wetlands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: December 5, 2006
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Date: August 7, 2007
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report provides historical context regarding energy tax policy and discusses what may lie ahead.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arsenic in Drinking Water: Regulatory Developments and Issues

Arsenic in Drinking Water: Regulatory Developments and Issues

Date: January 17, 2007
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report discusses the 1996 Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments. These amendments directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to update the standard for arsenic in drinking water.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charitable Choice Rules and Faith-Based Organizations

Charitable Choice Rules and Faith-Based Organizations

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: This report discusses the Bush administration's "Charitable Choice" agenda aimed at expanding the ability of faith-based organizations to provide federally funded social services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak Issues in the 108th Congress

Amtrak Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: February 20, 2003
Creator: Peterman, D. R.
Description: This report discusses a number of issues connected with Amtrak that Congress may consider. Amtrak does not earn enough revenue, or receive enough assistance, to cover its operating costs and capital needs. As a result, Amtrak is regularly on the verge of insolvency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Budget for FY2007: President's Request, Congressional Appropriations, and Related Issues

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Budget for FY2007: President's Request, Congressional Appropriations, and Related Issues

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A.
Description: This report tracks appropriation action on the President's FY2007 funding request for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Issues of possible congressional concern are summarized, including a Joint Ocean Commission Initiative statement on ocean science and fisheries-related funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Policy: Conceptual Framework and Continuing Issues

Energy Policy: Conceptual Framework and Continuing Issues

Date: December 6, 2006
Creator: Bamberger, Robert
Description: This report discusses major policy approaches, provides a conceptual framework for categorizing energy policy proposals, and briefly describes energy issues that remain current in the debate after the enactment of EPACT.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leaking Underground Storage Tanks: Prevention and Cleanup

Leaking Underground Storage Tanks: Prevention and Cleanup

Date: March 15, 2007
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report reviews the Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) program, related issues, and legislative changes made by the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR): U.S. Membership

United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR): U.S. Membership

Date: June 4, 2001
Creator: Bite, Vita
Description: This short report provides an overview of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR and Administration and Congressional responses to recent developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stewardship Contracting for the National Forests

Stewardship Contracting for the National Forests

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report discusses the advantages and limitations of proposed approaches to stewardship contracting to reduce threats to national forests exacerbated by unnaturally high amounts of biomass.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Enrollment in Medicare Drug Plans

Medicare: Enrollment in Medicare Drug Plans

Date: October 20, 2006
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses the enrollment process for private prescription drug plans (PDPs) or Medicare Advantage prescription drug (MA-PD) plans. At a minimum, these plans offer "standard coverage" or alternative coverage with actuarially equivalent benefits. Beneficiaries are required to enroll in one of these private plans in order to obtain coverage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wave, Tidal, and In-Stream Energy Projects: Which Federal Agency Has the Lead?

Wave, Tidal, and In-Stream Energy Projects: Which Federal Agency Has the Lead?

Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Lane, Nic
Description: This report describes wave, tidal, and in-stream energy generation technologies -- also referred to as hydrokinetic or marine energy. It discusses the recent changes in law aimed to clarify the federal role in ocean wave and renewable energy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mountaintop Mining: Background on Current Controversies

Mountaintop Mining: Background on Current Controversies

Date: January 24, 2007
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report provides background on regulatory requirements, controversies, and legal challenges to Clean Water Act regulation of mountaintop mining. Congressional attention to these issues also is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Care Spending: Context and Policy

Health Care Spending: Context and Policy

Date: September 6, 2005
Creator: Jenson, Jennifer
Description: This report seeks to put health spending in context. Health care costs and spending are persistent concerns for the Congress. On one hand, policymakers worry about access to care and the burden of health costs on household and employer budgets. On the other hand, rising costs put growing pressure on the federal budget from Medicare, Medicaid, and tax expenditures for private health insurance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Sharing for Homeland Security: A Brief Overview

Information Sharing for Homeland Security: A Brief Overview

Date: September 22, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C. & Seifert, Jeffrey W.
Description: This report reviews some of the principal existing homeland security information sharing arrangements, as well as some projected arrangements in this regard, and discusses related policy, evaluations, and proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department