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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Overview of Selected Federal Criminal Civil Rights Statutes

Overview of Selected Federal Criminal Civil Rights Statutes

Date: December 16, 2014
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: Federal criminal civil rights laws impose criminal penalties for deprivation of certain federal rights, privileges, or immunities. These laws prohibit hate crimes based on race, color, religion, or national origin; the burning of places of worship; violence against health care providers; and the transport of persons (particularly women and children) for the purpose of enslavement or forced labor. Some of these laws require a discriminatory motivation while others, such as human trafficking, do not. Some cover offenders acting "under color of any law." The Federal Bureau of Investigation investigates alleged violations. Punishments can range from a fine to lifetime imprisonment; in some cases the death penalty may be imposed, depending upon the circumstances and the resulting injury, if any. This report provides a brief summary of selected federal criminal civil right statutes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Second Nuclear Test: Implications of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1874

North Korea's Second Nuclear Test: Implications of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1874

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth; Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report discusses North Korea's second nuclear test and the implications of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1874. The resolution puts in place a series of sanctions on North Korea's arms sales, luxury goods, and financial transactions related to its weapons programs, and calls upon states to inspect North Korean vessels suspected of carrying such shipments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 21, 2010
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report looks at the relationship between the U.S. and Thailand. This includes recent rivalries between populist political forces, nepotism in government, and Thai relationships with neighboring countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress

Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress

Date: August 4, 2009
Creator: Bea, Keith & Garrett, R. Sam
Description: This report discusses the current U.S.-Puerto Rico relationship, the history of said relationship, and the current political state of Puerto Rico, as well as relevant pieces of U.S. Congressional legislation concerning Puerto Rico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Medicare Provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Date: June 3, 2010
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report covers the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and U.S. - Mexico drug trafficking. It also looks at migration, environmental issues, legislation in the 111th, and the relationship between the Obama Administration and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality: EPA's 2013 Changes to the Particulate Matter (PM) Standard

Air Quality: EPA's 2013 Changes to the Particulate Matter (PM) Standard

Date: January 7, 2015
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report summarizes the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) January 15, 2013, final and June 2012 proposed changes to the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) and includes comparisons with previous (1997 and 2006) promulgated and proposed standards. Key actions leading up to the agency's determination, and potential issues and concerns associated with changing the Particulate Matter annual standard, are also highlighted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Date: April 29, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report discusses federal evacuation policy and analyzes potential lessons learned from the evacuations of individuals in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes of 2005. It also highlights several issue areas that might arise concerning potential lawmaking and oversight on evacuation policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides background information on the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) and it discusses the Army's proposed replacement to the Vietnam-era M-113 personnel carriers, which are still in service in a variety of support capacities in Armored Brigade Combat Teams (ABCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2010 Decennial Census: Background and Issues

The 2010 Decennial Census: Background and Issues

Date: May 24, 2010
Creator: Williams, Jennifer D.
Description: The U.S. Constitution--Article 1, Section 2, clause 3, as modified by Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment--requires a population census every 10 years, to serve as the basis for reapportioning seats in the House of Representatives. Decennial census data also are used for within-state redistricting and in certain formulas that determine the annual distribution of more than $400 billion dollars in federal and state funds. This report discusses the major innovations that were planned for the 2010 census, problems encountered with the attempt to automate certain census field operations, the persistent differential census undercount of less advantaged groups in the population, and efforts to ensure an equitable census.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Acquisition: Issues for Congress

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Acquisition: Issues for Congress

Date: June 15, 2010
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report discusses Congressional issues regarding Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) systems, which are integral components of both national policymaking and military operations, including counterterrorism operations. ISR systems are costly and complicated, and the relationships among organizations responsible for designing and operating these systems are equally complicated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department