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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Deepwater program is a $24 billion, 25-year acquisition program to replace or modernize 93 Coast Guard ships and 207 Coast Guard aircraft. The Coast Guard's FY2007 budget requests $934.431 million for the program. Some Members of Congress have criticized and expressed strong concerns over the Deepwater program on several grounds. The House-reported version of H.R. 5441, the FY2007 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, recommends $892.64 million for the Deepwater program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 22, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy in February 2006 proposed to maintain in coming years a fleet of 313 ships, including, among other things, 11 aircraft carriers, 48 attack submarines (SSNs), 88 cruisers and destroyers, 55 Littoral Combat Ships (LCSs), 31 amphibious ships, and a Maritime Prepositioning Force (Future), or MPF(F), squadron with 12 new-construction amphibious and sealift-type ships. The Navy says that for its shipbuilding plans to be affordable and executable, the Navy needs to control certain non-shipbuilding expenditures and build ships within estimated costs. The Navy's shipbuilding plans raise potential issues regarding the shipbuilding industrial base, particularly in the areas of the submarine design and engineering base, and the surface combatant construction base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy in February 2006 proposed to maintain in coming years a fleet of 313 ships, including, among other things, 11 aircraft carriers, 48 attack submarines (SSNs), 88 cruisers and destroyers, 55 Littoral Combat Ships (LCSs), 31 amphibious ships, and a Maritime Prepositioning Force (Future), or MPF(F), squadron with 12 new-construction amphibious and sealift-type ships. The Navy says that for its shipbuilding plans to be affordable and executable, the Navy needs to control certain non-shipbuilding expenditures and build ships within estimated costs. The Navy's shipbuilding plans raise potential issues regarding the shipbuilding industrial base, particularly in the areas of the submarine design and engineering base, and the surface combatant construction base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Passenger Rail Security: Overview of Issues

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: The 9/11 Commission called for a systematic analysis of transportation assets, the risks to those assets, and the costs and benefits of different approaches to defending those assets. A key challenge facing Congress is balancing the desire for and cost of increased rail passenger security with the impacts of security measures on the operating efficiency of passenger rail systems, with the potential costs that could be incurred in the event of one or more attacks, and with the costs and benefits of other options for promoting homeland security. Some argue for greatly increased federal funding to help secure passenger rail systems against terrorist attack. Others argue that rail systems are difficult to defend and are only one among many groups potential terrorist targets, making the development of enhanced rail systems security an inefficient use of resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Security: Issues for the 109th Congress

Transportation Security: Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: June 23, 2006
Creator: Peterman, David Randall
Description: The nation's air, land, and marine transportation systems are designed for accessibility and efficiency, two characteristics that make them highly vulnerable to terrorist attack. The focus of this issue brief is how best to construct and finance a system of deterrence, protection, and response that effectively reduces the possibility and consequences of another terrorist attack without unduly interfering with travel, commerce, and civil liberties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations -- Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Coast Guard is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. The Coast Guard's homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations--Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations--Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: In response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Coast Guard significantly increased homeland-security operations to protect U.S. ports and waterways from potential maritime terrorist threats. The Coast Guard accomplished this in part by diverting resources from other missions. Increased requirements for homeland-security operations after September 11 appear to have added to a pre-existing tension between Coast Guard mission responsibilities and available resources. The Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard's legal authorities, the Coast Guard's location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Highway and Transit Program Reauthorization Legislation in the 2nd Session, 108th Congress

Date: February 26, 2004
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: This report discusses significant legislative provisions in the two principal bills that are likely to be the subject of congressional discussion in the coming weeks and months to reauthorize federal highway, highway safety, and transit programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Issues in the 108th Congress

Transportation Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: February 24, 2003
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Upper Mississippi River System: Proposals to Restore an Inland Waterway's Ecosystem

Upper Mississippi River System: Proposals to Restore an Inland Waterway's Ecosystem

Date: August 24, 2005
Creator: Powers, Kyna & Carter, Nicole T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Advanced Vehicle Technologies: Energy, Environment, and Development Issues

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report discusses three major vehicle technologies — electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles — as well as advanced component technologies. Each technology is discussed in terms of cost, fueling and maintenance infrastructure, and performance. The report also discusses key legislation in the 108th Congress, as well as federal, state, and local activity relevant to these technologies. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans, and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Sport Utility Vehicles, Mini-Vans, and Light Trucks: An Overview of Fuel Economy and Emissions Standards

Date: February 28, 2003
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Appropriations for FY1999: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies

Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Thompson, Duane A
Description: The text of this report is a guide to of the original (Department of Transportation and Related Agencies) appropriations bill for FY1999. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Transportation Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Carter, Nicole T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Sales of New Domestic and Imported Automobiles from 1977 through 1984, With U.S. Market Shares of Countries of Origin

U.S. Sales of New Domestic and Imported Automobiles from 1977 through 1984, With U.S. Market Shares of Countries of Origin

Date: April 5, 1985
Creator: Flaherty, Kevin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Safety of Air Ambulances

The Safety of Air Ambulances

Date: May 23, 2006
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Water Resources Development Act (WRDA): Army Corps of Engineers Authorization Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: April 24, 2006
Creator: Carter, Nicole T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Upper Mississippi River - Illinois Waterway Navigation Expansion: An Agricultural Transportation and Environmental Context

Date: July 15, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Sales of New Domestic and Imported Automobiles from 1977 through 1984, With U.S. Market Shares of Countries of Origin

U.S. Sales of New Domestic and Imported Automobiles from 1977 through 1984, With U.S. Market Shares of Countries of Origin

Date: April 5, 1985
Creator: Flaherty, Kevin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Safety of Air Ambulances

The Safety of Air Ambulances

Date: May 23, 2006
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 19, 2002
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard's new homeland-security operations in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, which raise potential issues for Congress regarding the adequacy of Coast Guard assets and funding, the Coast Guard’s legal authorities, the Coast Guard’s location within the executive branch, and coordination between the Coast Guard and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Coast Guard Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Coast Guard, which is the lead federal agency for maritime homeland security. The Coast Guard’s homeland security operations pose several potential issues for Congress, including adequacy of Coast Guard resources for performing both homeland security and non-homeland security missions, and Coast Guard coordination with other agencies involved in maritime homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department