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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports

Date: March 20, 2006
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report various sides of the debate related to domestic launch services, such as satellite export issues, the development of new launch vehicles by the private sector, and whether tax incentives or loan guarantees should be created for companies attempting to develop lower-cost launch vehicles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Space Program: An Overview

China's Space Program: An Overview

Date: October 21, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: This report discusses the nature and scope of the Chinese space program. The People's Republic of China launched its first astronaut, or "taikonaut," Lt. Col. Yang Liwei, on October 15, 2003 Beijing time (October 16 Eastern Daylight Time). China thus became only the third country, after Russia and the United States, able to launch humans into orbit. Lt. Col. Yang landed on October 16 Beijing time (October 15 EDT) after making 14 orbits (21 hours and 23 minutes).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Stations

Space Stations

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Description: This report looks into Congress' continued debate regarding NASA's International Space Station (ISS) program to build a permanently-occupied space station in Earth orbit where astronauts live and conduct research. NASA expects that research performed in the near-zero gravity environment of the space station will result in new discoveries in life sciences, biomedicine, and materials sciences. Current congressional space station debate focuses on the impact of the space shuttle Columbia tragedy on the ISS program; the possibility that portions of the space station may not be built for cost reasons; and whether Russia can fulfill its commitments to ISS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the International Space Station (ISS) program, which began in 1993, with Russia joining the United States, Europe, Japan, and Canada. Crews have occupied ISS on a 4-6 month rotating basis since November 2000.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

Date: May 29, 2008
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the International Space Station (ISS) program, which began in 1993, with Russia joining the United States, Europe, Japan, and Canada.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

The International Space Station and the Space Shuttle

Date: March 18, 2009
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses recent developments and funding for the International Space Station and the Space Shuttle program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Landsat and the Data Continuity Mission

Landsat and the Data Continuity Mission

Date: May 22, 2009
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Landsat Mission, which has collected remotely sensed imagery of the Earth's surface for more than 35 years. The two satellites currently in orbit are operating beyond their designed life and may fail at any time. Most Landsat data is used by federal agencies. Efforts to commercialize Landsat operations have not been successful. This report discusses issues facing Congress regarding funding for new Landsat satellites.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Civilian Space Policy Priorities: Reflections 50 Years After Sputnik

U.S. Civilian Space Policy Priorities: Reflections 50 Years After Sputnik

Date: June 20, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report describes Sputnik and its influence on today's U.S. civilian space policy, the actions other nations and commercial organizations are taking in space exploration, and why the nation invests in space exploration and the public's attitude toward it. The report concludes with a discussion of possible options for future U.S. civilian space policy priorities and the implication of those priorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Manhattan Project, the Apollo Program, and Federal Energy Technology R&D Programs: A Comparative Analysis

The Manhattan Project, the Apollo Program, and Federal Energy Technology R&D Programs: A Comparative Analysis

Date: June 30, 2009
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: Some policymakers have concluded that the energy challenges facing the United States are so critical that a concentrated investment in energy research and development (R&D) should be undertaken. The Manhattan project, which produced the atomic bomb, and the Apollo program, which landed American men on the moon, have been cited as examples of the success such R&D investments can yield. Investment in federal energy technology R&D programs of the 1970s, in response to two energy crises, have generally been viewed as less successful than the earlier two efforts. This report compares and contrasts the goals of, and the investments in, the three initiatives, which may provide useful insights for Congress as it assesses and debates the nation's energy policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Overview, FY2009 Budget, and Issues for Congress

Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Morgan, Daniel & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) conducts U.S. civilian space and aeronautics activities. For FY2009, the Administration requested $17.614 billion for NASA, and increase of 1.8% from the FY2008 appropriation of $17.309 billion. The President's 2004 Moon/Mars Vision for Space Exploration is the major focus of NASA's activities. Issues for Congress regarding this goal include the development of new vehicles for human spaceflight, plans for the transition to these vehicles after the space shuttle is retired in 2010, and the balance in NASA's priorities between human space exploration and the agency's activities in science and aeronautics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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