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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State and Urban Area Homeland Security Plans and Exercises: Issues for the 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9265/
Farm Labor: The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)
American agricultural employers have long utilized foreign workers on a temporary basis, regarding them as an important labor resource. At the same time, the relatively low wages and adverse working conditions of such workers have caused them to be viewed as a threat to domestic American workers. Some have argued that foreign guest workers compete unfairly with U.S. workers — both in terms of compensation that they are willing to accept and by making it somewhat more difficult for domestic workers to organize and to bargain with management. To mitigate any “adverse effect”for the domestic workforce, a system of wage floors was developed that applies, variously, both to alien and citizen workers: i.e., the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR). This report deals with one element of immigration (i.e., namely the H-2A workers). It introduces the adverse effect wage rate, it examines the concerns out of which it grew, and it explains at least some of the problems that have been encountered in giving it effect. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9115/
An Overview of USDA Rural Development Programs
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Value-Added Agricultural Enterprises in Rural Development Strategies
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The Changing Structure of Agriculture and Rural America: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges
This report provides an overview of Contemporary Rural America. The report discusses the changes that are likely to pose important questions about the direction and coherence of current rural policy. Several significant trends in this evolving structure of agriculture are discussed in this report: (1) a continuation in the trend toward fewer and larger farms; (2) a potential acceleration of that trend as production shifts to more tightly integrated and vertically coordinated production through supply chains; (3) greater environmental pressures on conventional agricultural production practices stemming from urban and suburban interests; and (4) changing food consumption patterns. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8622/
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8669/
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8670/
Development of National Urban Growth and Rural Development Policy: Legislative and Executive Actions in 1970 and 1971
The 1970 Acts require the executive branch to submit the reports on the further development of urban growth policy, the location of Federal facilities, acceleration of the availability of government services and financial assistance (among other subjects) in support of rural community development. This report should assist in the evaluation of these submissions received from the President and executive departments and agencies. The report's basic purpose is to place individual legislative actions in the larger context of interrelated national urban and rural development objectives set forth by the Congress. The basic content of this report consists of three major components. The first summarizes 1970 legislative developments at both the State and Federal levels of government concerning contributions being made toward the development of a balanced national growth policy for the United States. The second component describes the actions taken by Congressional committees and the Congress in the first session of the 92nd Congress (1971). The final component is a detailed annotated summary of the published literature of urban and rural development made available in 1971. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8138/
Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery
In the aftermath of previous, presidentially-declared disasters, Congress has used the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program to help states and local governments finance recovery efforts, whether from natural or man-made disasters. This report will provide a general overview of the CDBG program and its use in disaster relief. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7760/
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7593/
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7592/
Rural Education: Legislative Initiatives
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7033/
Rural Water Supply and Sewer Systems: Background Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs863/
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