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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List

Cuba and the State Sponsors of Terrorism List

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: Cuba was first added to the State Department's list of states sponsoring international terrorism in 1982. At the time, numerous U.S. government reports and statements under the Reagan Administration alleged Cuba's ties to international terrorism and its support for terrorist groups in Latin America. Cuba remains on the state-sponsored terrorism list with four other countries: Iran, Syria, Sudan, and North Korea. Cuba's retention on the terrorism list has received more attention in recent years in light of increased support for legislative initiatives to lift some U.S. sanctions under the current economic embargo. Supporters of keeping Cuba on the terrorism list argue that there is ample evidence that Cuba supports terrorism. Critics of retaining Cuba on the terrorism list maintain that the policy is a holdover from the Cold War and that Cuba no longer supports terrorism abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: July 25, 2006
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: March 10, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Countries of the World and International Organizations: Sources of Information

Countries of the World and International Organizations: Sources of Information

Date: August 8, 2006
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Description: This report provides a selection of materials for locating information on foreign countries and international organizations. In the general information section, it presents sources giving an overview of politics, economics, and recent history. A specialized information section cites sources on human rights, immigration, international organizations, military strengths, terrorism, and other topics. Included are titles of some of the most frequently consulted bibliographic sources that are available for use in many libraries. Electronic information on foreign countries is also provided, via the Internet, by agencies of the federal government, international organizations, and related sources. Included is a list of foreign chanceries located in Washington, D.C.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response

Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response

Date: July 7, 2006
Creator: Miko, Francis T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: June 21, 2006
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Related Border Security Legislation in the 109th Congress

Immigration Related Border Security Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: June 8, 2006
Creator: Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Beaver, Janice Cheryl
Description: This report is organized to reflect the main border security issues relating to the movement of people into the country, as indicated by the legislation currently pending in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Date: June 29, 2006
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: In approving the FY2001 agriculture appropriations act, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to apply to Cuba (Title IX of H.R. 5426, as enacted by P.L. 106- 387; Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000, or TSRA). Other provisions place financing and licensing conditions on sales to these countries. Those that apply to Cuba, though, are permanent and more restrictive. TSRA also gives Congress the authority in the future to veto a President’s proposal to impose a sanction on the sale of agricultural or medical products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy

The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy

Date: June 16, 2006
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: This report provides background and analysis and discusses the most recent regarding the law of the sea convention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program

Date: May 25, 2006
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

Date: June 16, 2006
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Date: June 30, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: This report discusses terrorism in the region tri-border area (TBA) of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay has been a regional hub for Hizballah and Hamas fundraising activities. The report also examines activity by Cuba, which has been designated by the State Department as a state sponsor of terrorism since 1982, and asserts that Venezuela has virtually ceased its cooperation in the global war on terror.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Security Surveillance Act of 2006: S. 3886, Title II (S. 2453 as Reported Out of the Senate Judiciary Committee)

National Security Surveillance Act of 2006: S. 3886, Title II (S. 2453 as Reported Out of the Senate Judiciary Committee)

Date: September 15, 2006
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bangladesh: Background and U.S. Relations

Bangladesh: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: September 7, 2006
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the key issues regarding U.S.-Bangladesh Relations. U.S. policy toward Bangladesh emphasizes support for political stability and democracy; social and economic development; and improvement of human rights. The United States has long-standing supportive relations with Bangladesh and has viewed Bangladesh as a moderate voice in the Islamic world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Watchlist Checks and Air Passenger Prescreening

Terrorist Watchlist Checks and Air Passenger Prescreening

Date: September 6, 2006
Creator: Krouse, William J & Elias, Bart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Undisclosed U.S. Detention Sites Overseas: Background and Legal Issues

Undisclosed U.S. Detention Sites Overseas: Background and Legal Issues

Date: September 12, 2006
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K & Kim, Julie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 5825 (109th Congress): "Electronic Surveillance Modernization Act"

H.R. 5825 (109th Congress): "Electronic Surveillance Modernization Act"

Date: September 8, 2006
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B
Description: This report discusses the National Security Agency’s “Terrorist Surveillance Program,” a program in which international communications of persons within the United States have been the subject of electronic surveillance without a warrant or a Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba After Fidel Castro: U.S. Policy Implications and Approaches

Cuba After Fidel Castro: U.S. Policy Implications and Approaches

Date: September 1, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: In the new context of Fidel’s transfer of power, there are two broad policy approaches to contend with political change in Cuba: a stay-the-course or status-quo approach that would maintain the U.S. dual-track policy of isolating the Cuban government while providing support to the Cuban people; and an approach aimed at influencing the Cuban government and Cuban society through increased contact and engagement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba After Fidel Castro: U.S. Policy Implications and Approaches

Cuba After Fidel Castro: U.S. Policy Implications and Approaches

Date: August 23, 2006
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: In the new context of Fidel’s transfer of power, there are two broad policy approaches to contend with political change in Cuba: a stay-the-course or status-quo approach that would maintain the U.S. dual-track policy of isolating the Cuban government while providing support to the Cuban people; and an approach aimed at influencing the Cuban government and Cuban society through increased contact and engagement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon:

Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon:

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Vieux, Anthony
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

Date: August 10, 2006
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

Date: August 8, 2006
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department