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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Public Trust and Law Enforcement--A Brief Discussion for Policymakers

Public Trust and Law Enforcement--A Brief Discussion for Policymakers

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Finklea, Kristin; Keegan, Natalie; Lister, Sarah A.; Sacco, Lisa N. et al.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of police-community relations and how the federal government might be able to promote more accountability and better relationships between citizens and law enforcement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Legislation in the 109th Congress

Gun Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: May 6, 2006
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate over the efficacy and constitutionality of federal regulation of firearms and ammunition. The report provides background information and analysis over the pros and cons of the debate and gun related statistics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides background information on sexual violence on campus and its prevalence, descriptions of the Clery Act and Title IX, and an analysis of prominent policy and legal issues related to these two statutes. It also includes a brief description of a related third statute focused on educational privacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Background, Legal Analysis, and Policy Options

Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Background, Legal Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: April 4, 2005
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M. & Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report provides a summary of U.S. penal policy at the federal level. The report then discusses legislation that created the current federal sentencing structure, the different types of sentencing guidelines, and analyses of departures from the guidelines under the federal system and of possible policy options the 109th Congress may wish to consider if it chooses to address this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gun Legislation in the 109th Congress

Gun Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: May 15, 2006
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate over the efficacy and constitutionality of federal regulation of firearms and ammunition. The report provides background information and analysis over the pros and cons of the debate and gun related statistics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Money Laundering Legislation in the 109th Congress

Criminal Money Laundering Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: March 15, 2006
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report gives a brief overview of U.S. law as it relates to the crime of money laundering by identifying bills in the 109th Congress that have amended definitions or sentencing for money laundering and predicated offenses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses S. 113, a bill to extend the coverage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA") to non-U.S. persons who engage in international terrorism or activities in preparation for terrorist acts, without a showing of membership in or affiliation with an international terrorist group.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Obama Announces Executive Actions to "Reduce Gun Violence"

President Obama Announces Executive Actions to "Reduce Gun Violence"

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly discusses executive actions aimed at, among other things, "keep[ing] guns out of the wrong hands through background checks" and "mak[ing] our communities safer from gun violence." These actions include, for example, directing specified executive agencies to conduct or sponsor research into gun safety technology and finalizing a rule requiring firearms shippers to notify law enforcement of any firearms lost or stolen in transit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capital Punishment: An Overview of Federal Death Penalty Statutes

Capital Punishment: An Overview of Federal Death Penalty Statutes

Date: July 23, 2002
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Description: This report lists the current federal capital offenses and summarizes the procedures for federal civilian death penalty cases. Several laws are relevant to the topic including: P.L. 103-322, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994; the Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996; and P.L. 107-197, the Terrorist Bombings Convention Implementation Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Criminal Justice Reform: One Judge's View

Date: January 1, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly provides highlights from an article written by Judge Alex Kozinski of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in which he recommended 26 changes in the U.S. criminal justice system, federal and state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Conspiracy Law: A Brief Overview

Federal Conspiracy Law: A Brief Overview

Date: January 20, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a brief discussion of the common features of federal conspiracy law that evolved over the years, with passing references to some of the distinctive features of some of the statutory provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Combating Terrorism: First Emergency Supplemental Appropriations - Distribution of Funds to Departments and Agencies

Combating Terrorism: First Emergency Supplemental Appropriations - Distribution of Funds to Departments and Agencies

Date: January 7, 2003
Creator: Riehl, James R.
Description: This report provides background on the 2001 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States, P.L. 107-38 (H.R. 2888) as well as the criteria for use of the funds developed by The Office of Management and Budget (OMB). It also outlines information about supplemental fund distributions in three tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War On Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

War On Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: This report covers significant legislative and oversight activities of the 108th Congress that concern domestic law enforcement aspects of federal anti-drug policy. It also includes an overview of significant executive branch actions and other current developments of likely interest to the congressional audience that follows this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches

Date: March 6, 2003
Creator: Perl, Raphael
Description: This report discusses various U.S. international narcotics policy approaches meant to achieve two main goals: to reduce the supply of illicit narcotics flowing into the United States, and to reduce the amount of illicit narcotics cultivated, processed, and consumed worldwide.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report contains an overview of the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Initiative (BPV program). It also provides a discussion of data on law enforcement agencies that require their officers to wear armor vests while on duty, research on why officers may choose to wear armor vests, research on the life cycle for armor vests, data on the use of body armor by law enforcement officers who were killed with a firearm, and research on the effectiveness of armor vests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 15, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative, with details about each of the program's four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Conspiracy Law: A Sketch

Federal Conspiracy Law: A Sketch

Date: January 20, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This is a brief discussion of the common features of federal conspiracy law that evolved over the years, with passing references to some of the distinctive features of some of the statutory provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free-Riders or Compelled Riders? Key Takeaways as Court Considers Major Union Dues Case

Free-Riders or Compelled Riders? Key Takeaways as Court Considers Major Union Dues Case

Date: January 1, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This report briefly outlines the ongoing debate regarding Union dues. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, as of 2015, 7.2 million employees in the public sector belong to a union, with more than 700,000 additional government employees being represented by a union without belonging to the union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative, with details about each of the program's four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Former U.S. Hostages of Iran to be Eligible for Compensation

Former U.S. Hostages of Iran to be Eligible for Compensation

Date: December 29, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar briefly discusses the U.S. victims of the 1979-1981 Iran Hostage Crisis, who will become eligible to receive up to $4.4 million each in compensation, thanks to the Justice for United States Victims of State Sponsored Terrorism Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Justice Funding Trends

Juvenile Justice Funding Trends

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the juvenile justice grant programs and the overall appropriation administered by the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). There is no federal juvenile justice system, however the government uses federal juvenile justice entities and grant programs in order to influence the states' systems. Eligibility for some of these grant programs is tied to certain mandates that the states must adhere to in order to receive federal funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law: An Abbreviated Sketch

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law: An Abbreviated Sketch

Date: February 15, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the application of American criminal law outside the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Botswana: The San (Bushmen) Rights Case

Botswana: The San (Bushmen) Rights Case

Date: October 19, 2004
Creator: Townsend, Jeff
Description: This report discusses the case of San people of Botswana against the government of Botswana.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Death Penalty: Capital Punishment Legislation in the 109th Congress

The Death Penalty: Capital Punishment Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: December 11, 2006
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses legislation regarding the death penalty in the 109th Congress. The USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act (Reauthorization Act) contains a number of death penalty related provisions. Some create new federal capital offenses; some add the death penalty as a sentencing option in the case of preexisting federal crimes; some alter the procedural attributes of federal capital cases. Other proposals offered during the 109th Congress would have followed the same pattern: some new crimes; some new penalties for old crimes; and some procedural adjustments. Only one of the other proposals, the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, passed, although at least one House approved several others. Three proposals do not fit the pattern; they either would have abolished the death penalty as a federal sentencing alternative or would have imposed a moratorium upon executions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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