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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: On January 13, 2012, President Obama asked Congress for authority to reorganize and consolidate into one department the business- and trade-related functions of six federal entities. U.S. policymakers' interest in the organizational structure of U.S. government trade functions has grown in recent years, stimulated by congressional and federal efforts to promote U.S. exports and employment, including through the National Export Initiative (NEI). Interest also has been stimulated by national debates on reducing federal spending and the size of the U.S. government. This report looks at the policy debate and role of Congress in such a move.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO Common Funds Burdensharing: Background and Current Issues

NATO Common Funds Burdensharing: Background and Current Issues

Date: February 15, 2012
Creator: Ek, Carl
Description: This report gives an overview of the feasibility of burdensharing amongst North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member states due to the global financial crisis and defense budget cuts in many of the contributing nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Authorities Governing Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses

Legal Authorities Governing Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses

Date: March 7, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: Congress has generally broad authority to impose requirements upon the federal procurement process, or the process whereby agencies obtain goods and services from the private sector. One of the many ways in which Congress has exercised this authority is by enacting measures intended to promote contracting and subcontracting with "small businesses" by federal agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Local Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

The Role of Local Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Johnson, Renee
Description: This report looks at the growing popularity of locally produced foods, and how that popularity and regional/local food systems are affected by the reauthorization of the 2008 farm bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses: Issues in the 112th Congress

Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses: Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: March 7, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: Congress has generally broad authority to impose requirements upon the federal procurement process, or the process whereby agencies obtain goods and services from the private sector. One of the many ways in which Congress has exercised this authority is by enacting measures intended to promote contracting and subcontracting with "small businesses" by federal agencies. This report describes and analyzes measures that Members of the 112th Congress have enacted or proposed in response to particular issues pertaining to small business contracting and subcontracting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SEC Climate Change Disclosure Guidance: An Overview and Congressional Concerns

SEC Climate Change Disclosure Guidance: An Overview and Congressional Concerns

Date: May 24, 2012
Creator: Shorter, Gary
Description: Issues regarding the Congressional appeal of the January 27, 2010 SEC-published 'Commission Guidance Regarding Disclosure Related to Climate Change', which clarifies how publicly traded corporations should apply existing SEC disclosure rules to certain mandatory financial filings with the SEC regarding the risk that climate change developments may have on their businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: A look at how Congress' has been proactive in helping the economy recover after the 2008-2009 recession, as well as how it can help to keep recessions at bay in the future. Issues regards to this are typical post-war recessions, insufficient pace of private spending, and long-term debt problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Date: May 10, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: The impact of foreign direct investment on U.S. employment is provoking a national debate regarding U.S. job creation versus outsourcing. Many economists argue that there is little evidence to support the notion that the overseas investment activities of U.S. multinational companies play a significant role in the rate at which jobs are created in the U.S. economy. They argue that the source of job creation in the economy is rooted in the combination of macroeconomic policies the nation has chosen, the rate of productivity growth, and the availability of resources. This report addresses these issues by analyzing the extent of direct investment into and out of the economy, the role such investment plays in U.S. trade, jobs, and production, and the relationship between direct investment and the broader economic changes that are occurring in the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Growth and the Unemployment Rate

Economic Growth and the Unemployment Rate

Date: April 18, 2012
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: Issues concerning and which can be influenced by Congress regarding unemployment rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Federal Financial Assistance and Restructuring

Date: December 3, 2008
Creator: Cooney, Stephen
Description: This report reviews the U.S. automotive industry at present, aspects of the industry's financial situation, and relief options. It includes an analysis of the current situation in the U.S. automotive market, including efforts to address problems of long-term competitiveness and the impact of the industry on the broader U.S. economy. It focuses on financial issues, including credit questions, and legal and financial aspects of government-offered loans or loan guarantees. This further includes consideration of legacy issues, specifically pension and health care responsibilities of the Detroit 3. It also reviews potential solutions to the financial crisis, including options of government receivership and participation management, and various forms of bankruptcy. Finally, the report reviews stipulations that Congress might impose on auto manufacturers as conditions of providing assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department