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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Competition in Federal Contracting: An Overview of the Legal Requirements

Competition in Federal Contracting: An Overview of the Legal Requirements

Date: August 20, 2009
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report describes the legal requirements pertaining to competition that presently apply to federal procurement contracts. Among other things, it discusses what contracts are subject to competition requirements; what constitutes full and open competition for government contracts; what is meant by "full and open competition after exclusion of sources"; and circumstances permitting agencies to award contracts on the basis of other than full and open competition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Ownership: Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Federal Land Ownership: Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Date: May 19, 2015
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.; Corn, M. L.; Comay, Laura B. & Hoover, Katie
Description: This report describes the primary authorities of the following agencies for acquiring and disposing of federal land. These four federal agencies--the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and Bureau of Land Management (BLM), all in the Department of the Interior (DOI), and the U.S. Forest Service (FS) in the Department of Agriculture--administer about 95% of those lands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2010 Appropriations

Date: October 2, 2009
Creator: James, Nathan; Gonzales, Oscar R. & Williams, Jennifer D.
Description: This report provides an overview of actions taken by Congress to provide FY2011 appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS). It also provides an overview of FY2010 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded under the CJS bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Regulatory Reform: Analysis of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency (CFPA) as Proposed by the Obama Administration and H.R. 3126

Financial Regulatory Reform: Analysis of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency (CFPA) as Proposed by the Obama Administration and H.R. 3126

Date: September 9, 2009
Creator: Carpenter, David H. & Jickling, Mark
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the President's Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009 and delineates some of the substantive differences between it and H.R. 3126, as introduced. It then analyzes some of the policy implications of the proposal, focusing on the separation of safety and soundness regulation from consumer protection, financial innovation, and the scope of regulation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Economic Downturn and Protectionism

The Global Economic Downturn and Protectionism

Date: August 26, 2009
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report develops three scenarios to approximate different dimensions of the relationship between the global economic downturn and protectionism. The scenarios are not predictions, but descriptions of how and why pressures for protection could be manifested and transmitted under different circumstances and assumptions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

Date: October 19, 2009
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Weiss, Martin A. & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report analyzes Africa's vulnerability to the global crisis and potential implications for economic growth, poverty alleviation, fiscal balances, and political stability. The report describes channels through which the crisis is affecting Africa, and provides information on international efforts to address the impact, including U.S. policies and those of multilateral institutions in which the United States plays a major role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

Date: June 11, 2015
Creator: Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report discusses the Internet Tax Freedom Act (ITFA; P.L. 105-277), which enacted in 1998, implemented a three-year moratorium preventing state and local governments from taxing Internet access, or imposing multiple or discriminatory taxes on electronic commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: Legal Background and Recent Amendments

National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: Legal Background and Recent Amendments

Date: September 8, 2009
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the National Security Letters (NSLs), which seek customer and consumer transaction information in national security investigations from communications providers, financial institutions, and credit agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Economic Downturn and Protectionism

The Global Economic Downturn and Protectionism

Date: March 23, 2009
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report develops three scenarios to approximate different dimensions of the relationship between the global economic downturn and protectionism. The scenarios are not predictions, but descriptions of how and why pressures for protection could be manifested and transmitted under different circumstances and assumptions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Net Operating Losses: Proposed Extension of Carryback Period

Net Operating Losses: Proposed Extension of Carryback Period

Date: November 13, 2009
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report explains the current law regarding the tax treatment of net operating losses (NOLs). In addition, this report highlights a number of policy considerations relating to the extension of the NOL carryback period.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Regulatory Reform: Analysis of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency (CFPA) as Proposed by the Obama Administration and H.R. 3126

Financial Regulatory Reform: Analysis of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency (CFPA) as Proposed by the Obama Administration and H.R. 3126

Date: November 9, 2009
Creator: Carpenter, David H. & Jickling, Mark
Description: This report provides a brief summary of the Obama Administration's Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009 (CFPA) and delineates some of the substantive differences between it and H.R. 3126, as ordered to be reported by the House Financial Services Committee, as well as the version that was ordered to be reported by the House Energy and Commerce Committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Aerospace Manufacturing: Industry Overview and Prospects

U.S. Aerospace Manufacturing: Industry Overview and Prospects

Date: December 3, 2009
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report primarily provides a snapshot of the U.S. commercial (non-defense, non-space) aerospace manufacturing industry and a discussion of major trends affecting the future of this industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Economy in Recession: Similarities To and Differences From the Past

U.S. Economy in Recession: Similarities To and Differences From the Past

Date: November 10, 2009
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides information on the patterns found across past recessions since World War II and analyzes whether and how the recession starting in 2007 might be different.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Supervision: European Perspectives

Financial Market Supervision: European Perspectives

Date: November 20, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report addresses the European perspectives on a number of proposals that are being advanced for financial oversight and regulation in Europe. The European experience may be instructive because financial markets in Europe are well developed, European firms often are competitors of U.S. firms, and European governments have faced severe problems of integration and consistency across the various financial structures that exist in Europe.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Supervision: European Perspectives

Financial Market Supervision: European Perspectives

Date: August 25, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report addresses the European perspectives on a number of proposals that are being advanced for financial oversight and regulation in Europe. The European experience may be instructive because financial markets in Europe are well developed, European firms often are competitors of U.S. firms, and European governments have faced severe problems of integration and consistency across the various financial structures that exist in Europe.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment and Economic Recovery

Unemployment and Economic Recovery

Date: November 17, 2009
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: This report examines the relationship between economic growth and the unemployment rate to anticipate possible future developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislation to Facilitate Cybersecurity Information Sharing: Economic Analysis

Legislation to Facilitate Cybersecurity Information Sharing: Economic Analysis

Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: Weiss, N. E.
Description: This report analyzes the incentives for companies to share information about cybersecurity breaches with other companies and the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Competition in Federal Contracting: An Overview of the Legal Requirements

Competition in Federal Contracting: An Overview of the Legal Requirements

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report describes the legal requirements pertaining to competition that presently apply to federal procurement contracts. Among other things, it discusses what contracts are subject to competition requirements; what constitutes full and open competition for government contracts; and what is meant by "full and open competition after exclusion of sources."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, a historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration Microloan Program

Small Business Administration Microloan Program

Date: March 20, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report describes the Microloan program's eligibility standards and operating requirements for lenders and borrowers and examines the arguments presented by the program's critics and advocates. It also examines changes to the program authorized by P.L. 111-240, the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Supervision: European Perspectives

Financial Market Supervision: European Perspectives

Date: February 4, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report addresses the European perspectives on a number of proposals that are being advanced for financial oversight and regulation in Europe. The European experience may be instructive because financial markets in Europe are well developed, European firms often are competitors of U.S. firms, and European governments have faced severe problems of integration and consistency across the various financial structures that exist in Europe.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Financial Crisis: Impact on and Response by The European Union

The Financial Crisis: Impact on and Response by The European Union

Date: March 17, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the European Union's response to the global financial crisis. As the crisis has ebbed, coordination among European capitals and between Europe and the United States has become more elusive and growing differences threaten the adoption of a coordinated long-term solution to regulatory reform and coordination of financial policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Downturns and Crime

Economic Downturns and Crime

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report examines the relationships between selected variables of economic strength and crime. It begins with an overview of crime rates during times of economic recession in the United States. It then reviews the existing literature in the field analyzing various data sets that examine whether the unemployment rate and foreclosures can be related to increases in the national crime rate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Timeframes and Procedures

GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Timeframes and Procedures

Date: March 15, 2010
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report is one of two providing Congress with background on the Government Accountability Office (GAO) bid-protest process. It provides an overview of the timeframes and procedures in a GAO bid protest, including several issues enumerated in the report's introduction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department