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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas

2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas

Date: October 25, 2012
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report focuses primarily on the NAAQS implementation process for designating geographical nonattainment areas with respect to the tightening of the PM2.5 standards under the 2006 particulates NAAQS, including comparisons with the final designations under the 1997 PM2.5 NAAQS. Also included is a brief overview of states' subsequent obligations for developing and submitting implementation plans (SIPs) for attaining or maintaining compliance with the NAAQS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Agency Actions Following the Supreme Court's Climate Change Decision: A Chronology

Federal Agency Actions Following the Supreme Court's Climate Change Decision: A Chronology

Date: February 2, 2011
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report presents a chronology of major federal agency actions, mainly by the Environmental Protection Agencey (EPA), in the wake of Massachusetts v. EPA. In this case, the Court held that greenhouse gases (GHGs), widely viewed as contributing to climate change, constitute “air pollutants” as that phrase is used in the Clean Air Act (CAA). As a result, said the Court, the U.S. EPA had improperly denied a petition seeking CAA regulation of GHGs from new motor vehicles by saying the agency lacked authority over such emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS): Looking to 2020

Climate Change and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS): Looking to 2020

Date: January 27, 2011
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: This report looks at new European Union (EU) emissions standards in trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation in the 110th Congress

Air Quality: Multi-Pollutant Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: February 11, 2008
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John
Description: This report discusses air pollutants (petroleum, natural gas, and coal), which account for about two-thirds of U.S. electricity generation. These gases include several pollutants that directly pose risks to human health and welfare. The report also discusses the utilities that are subject to an array of environmental regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Agency Actions Following the Supreme Court’s Climate Change Decision: A Chronology

Federal Agency Actions Following the Supreme Court’s Climate Change Decision: A Chronology

Date: April 6, 2011
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report presents a chronology of major federal agency actions related to environmental concerns following the decision of Massachusetts v. EPA; it particularly looks at actions of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). In Massachusetts v. EPA, the Supreme Court held that greenhouse gases (GHGs), widely viewed as contributing to climate change, constitute “air pollutants” as that phrase is used in the Clean Air Act (CAA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Issues in the 110th Congress: Climate Change, Air Quality Standards, and Oversight

Clean Air Issues in the 110th Congress: Climate Change, Air Quality Standards, and Oversight

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the climate change issue as well as other Clean Air Act issues of interest in the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Key Issues

Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Key Issues

Date: May 2, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the several types of waste streams that cruise ships may discharge and emit. It identifies the complex body of international and domestic laws that address pollution from cruise ships. It then describes federal and state legislative activity concerning cruise ships in Alaskan waters and activities in a few other states, as well as current industry initiatives to manage cruise ship pollution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Date: July 23, 2012
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report surveys existing law for legal issues that have arisen, or may arise in the future, on account of climate change and government responses thereto. These include greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, liability for harms caused by climate change, water shortages, sea level rise, natural disasters, and how immigration/refugee law does not cover relocation due to climate change impacts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Revising the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Lead

Revising the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Lead

Date: July 28, 2008
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides background on the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), the process used to establish the standards, the factors leading to the reduction in lead emissions, and the proposed changes to the lead standard, as well as information regarding the potential effects of any revision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Biopower Carbon Neutral?

Is Biopower Carbon Neutral?

Date: July 6, 2011
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Description: This report assesses the variables involved in determining whether or not biopower (i.e., electricity generated from biomass) is a carbon-neutral alternative to fossil fuels as a way to help meet meet U.S. energy demands and reduce U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It includes information about the biomass carbon cycle, GHG accounting for biopower production, recent developments affecting the assessment, and overview of whether or not it can be considered carbon neutral, and legislative implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department