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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 14, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet, which performs a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions. The report is written in response to the Coast Guard's budget request for a new polar ice breaker (none are currently in operation).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. and World Coal Production, Federal Taxes, and Incentives

U.S. and World Coal Production, Federal Taxes, and Incentives

Date: March 14, 2013
Creator: Humphries, Marc & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report serves as a primer on U.S. and world coal resources and production and highlights some of the congressional interest related to coal production on U.S. federal lands. The report primarily describes the past 10 years of coal activity but also includes a discussion of future coal production projections and federal coal incentives, many of which do not expire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: The Department of Veterans Affairs and the Duty to Assist Claimants

Veterans' Benefits: The Department of Veterans Affairs and the Duty to Assist Claimants

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Shedd, Daniel T.
Description: This report analyzes court decisions that have examined the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA's) obligation to assist veterans during the claims process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 18, 2010
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the DOD-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report provides a framework for examining the current status and future prospects for U.S.- Mexican security cooperation. It begins with a brief discussion of the threat that drug trafficking and related crime and violence pose to both nations, followed by an analysis of the evolution of the Mérida Initiative. The report then provides an overview of the Peña Nieto government's security strategy and how it is affecting the Mérida Initiative. The report then examines key aspects of the current U.S.-Mexican security strategy and concludes by raising policy issues that may affect bilateral efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Date: June 10, 2013
Creator: Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report provides a comparative economic analysis of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) countries and their economic relations with the United States. It suggests that the TPP negotiating partners encompass great diversity in population, economic development, and trade and investment patterns with the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief

Proposed Train and Equip Authorities for Syria: In Brief

Date: September 16, 2014
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report presents the President's requests for authority and funding for the Department of Defense to provide overt assistance, including possible military training and weapons, to vetted members of the Syrian opposition and other vetted Syrians for select purposes are the subject of close congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Authority to Regulate Firearms: A Legal Overview

Congressional Authority to Regulate Firearms: A Legal Overview

Date: April 5, 2013
Creator: Chu, Vivian S.
Description: Courts have been confronted with the question of whether federal laws can be applied to intrastate possession and intrastate transfers of firearms, or whether such application exceeds the authority of Congress. This report explores these cases and how courts have analyzed these as-applied challenges under the Supreme Court's Commerce Clause jurisprudence primarily set forth in United States v. Lopez.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Date: December 19, 2012
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides basic information about U.S. and Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons. It begins with a brief discussion of how these weapons have appeared in public debates in the past few decades, then summarizes the differences between strategic and nonstrategic nuclear weapons. It then provides some historical background, describing the numbers and types of nonstrategic nuclear weapons deployed by both nations during the Cold War and in the past decade; the policies that guided the deployment and prospective use of these weapons; and the measures that the two sides have taken to reduce and contain their forces. The report reviews the issues that have been raised with regard to U.S. and Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons, and summarizes a number of policy options that might be explored by Congress, the United States, Russia, and other nations to address these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 11, 2014
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides background information on the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) and it discusses the Army's proposed replacement to the Vietnam-era M-113 personnel carriers, which are still in service in a variety of support capacities in Armored Brigade Combat Teams (ABCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department