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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Cluster Munitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Cluster Munitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 20, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses the background of cluster munitions in the U.S. military, and the current Department of Defense (DOD) and Obama Administration stances on the topic. It also discusses the two major international initiatives to address cluster munitions: the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and negotiations under the U.N. Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Office of Congressional Ethics: History, Authority, and Procedures

House Office of Congressional Ethics: History, Authority, and Procedures

Date: March 8, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report describes the history and rationale behind the creation of the House Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE), its operations, and its relationship with the House Committee on Ethics, and options potentially available for Congress if further amendments to the House ethics process are desired.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Monuments and the Antiquities Act

National Monuments and the Antiquities Act

Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Vincent, Carol H. & Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses the Antiquities Act of 1906, which authorizes the President to proclaim national monuments on federal lands that contain historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, or other objects of historic or scientific interest. The President is to reserve "the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected." The act was designed to protect federal lands and resources quickly, and Presidents have proclaimed a total of 137 monuments. Congress has modified many of these proclamations and has abolished some monuments. Congress also has created monuments under its own authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Services Corporation: Background and Funding

Legal Services Corporation: Background and Funding

Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the responsibilities of Legal Services Corporation (LSC), which is a private, nonprofit, federally funded corporation that helps provide legal assistance to low-income people in civil (i.e., noncriminal) matters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC): An Overview

Date: October 22, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report discusses the earned income tax credit (EITC), established in the tax code in 1975, which offers cash aid to working parents with relatively low incomes who care for dependent children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medal of Honor: History and Issues

Medal of Honor: History and Issues

Date: September 5, 2014
Creator: Burrelli, David F. & Torreon, Barbara S.
Description: This report briefly describes the history of the Medal of Honor and the criteria and rules used in awarding the medal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: This report has four sections. The first describes recent developments in weather and policy. The second provides an overview of the current U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) disaster assistance programs: federal crop insurance, Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) payments, and emergency disaster loans. The third section discusses the now-expired disaster programs under the 2008 farm bill, specifically Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program (SURE) and four other smaller disaster programs. The fourth section briefly reviews congressional issues. An appendix reviews the recent history of emergency supplemental farm disaster assistance and administrative actions by USDA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: May 2, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. It has five sections which discuss: [1] background information on unemployment compensation (UC) benefits, [2] a definition of a recession and the process of declaring a recession, [3] a summary of the legislative history of federal extensions of unemployment benefits, [4] figures examining the statistics of recessions, and [5] previous methods for financing temporary recession programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Medical Care: FY2013 Appropriations

Veterans' Medical Care: FY2013 Appropriations

Date: March 18, 2013
Creator: Panangala, Sidath V.
Description: This report focuses on appropriations for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). It begins with a brief overview of the Veterans Affairs' (VA) budget for FY2012 and the President's request for FY2013 as a whole. It then presents a brief overview of VHA's budget formulation, a description of the accounts that fund the VHA, and a summary of the FY2012 VHA budget. The report ends with a section discussing recent legislative developments pertaining to the FY2013 VHA budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Countries: Comparative Trade and Economic Analysis

Date: January 29, 2013
Creator: Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report focuses primarily on U.S. economic interests in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement. It provides a comparative economic analysis of the countries currently negotiating the TPP and describes the U.S. trade flows with these countries at the bilateral level and in relation to the countries' economic linkages with the rest of the world. It also provides information on the existing trade agreements of TPP countries. As such, this report aims to serve as an introduction to the economic relationship these countries have, both individually and collectively, with the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department