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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2013

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2013

Date: May 3, 2013
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Description: This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its Armed Forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. It was compiled in part from various older lists and is intended primarily to provide a rough survey of past U.S. military ventures abroad, without reference to the magnitude of the given instance noted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Date: May 1, 2013
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report examines how automatic spending reductions triggered by the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA) might affect health reform implementation under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). It is divided into three sections. The first section provides an overview of ACA's health insurance reforms and some analysis of the Congressional Budget Office's (CBO's) estimates of the impact of the law's implementation on federal direct spending and revenues. The second section examines the automatic spending reductions under the BCA. The final section discusses which types of health reform spending are likely subject to, or exempt from, those reductions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 14, 2014
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report looks at the history and current need for a Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) program. The report discusses potential issues for Congress include the role and need for the GCV in a downsized Army that will likely have fewer heavy brigade combat teams (HBCTs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Independent and Other Agencies During the 111th Congress

Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Independent and Other Agencies During the 111th Congress

Date: January 22, 2013
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.; Greene, Michael W. & Bearden, Maureen
Description: This report explains the process for filling positions to which the President makes appointments with the advice and consent of the Senate (also referred to as PAS positions). It also identifies, for the 111th Congress, all nominations to full-time positions requiring Senate confirmation in 40 organizations in the executive branch (27 independent agencies, 6 agencies in the Executive Office of the President (EOP), and 7 multilateral organizations) and 4 agencies in the legislative branch. It excludes appointments to executive departments and to regulatory and other boards and commissions, which are covered in other reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementation of Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS): Issues for Congress

Implementation of Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS): Issues for Congress

Date: June 10, 2014
Creator: Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report analyzes data from a variety of Department of Homeland Security (DHS) presentations, testimony, and other sources to present a historical overview of program performance to date. It identifies an ongoing gap between the number of facilities that have received final risk tier assignments and the total number of regulated facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: "This report surveys the various authorities governing immigration detainers, including the standard detainer form (Form I-247) sent by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to other law enforcement agencies. The report also discusses key legal issues raised by immigration detainers, including whether Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) detainer regulations and practices are beyond its statutory authority; whether states and localities are required to comply with immigration detainers; who has custody of aliens subject to detainers; and whether detainer practices violate aliens' constitutional rights. In considering these topics, it is important to note that Form I-247 and DHS's detainer practices have changed several times since 2010, and that decisions on the merits have not yet been issued in many cases challenging the use of detainers in conjunction with the Secure Communities program" (p. 6).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: October 9, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups, and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship, in both the short and long term, and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Understanding Threats at U.S. Borders

Border Security: Understanding Threats at U.S. Borders

Date: February 21, 2013
Creator: Rosenblum, Marc R.; Bjelopera, Jerome P. & Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report focuses on the first major step in managing border-related risks: assessing the risk posed by different types of threats at U.S. borders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Date: October 7, 2014
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report focuses on enforcement of federal environmental pollution control requirements under the Clean Air Act (CAA); the Clean Water Act (CWA); the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund); and other statutes for which EPA is the primary federal implementing agency.1 The report provides a brief synopsis of the statutory framework that serves as the basis for pollution control enforcement, including an overview of the key players responsible for correcting violations and maintaining compliance. Implementation and enforcement of pollution control laws are interdependent and carried out by a wide range of actors including federal, state, tribal, and local governments; the regulated entities themselves; the courts; interest groups; and the general public.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 27, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class aircraft carrier program. Congress's decisions on the CVN-78 program could substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department