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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Reform of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Courts: Introducing a Public Advocate

Reform of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Courts: Introducing a Public Advocate

Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Nolan, Andrew; Thompson, Richard M., II & Chu, Vivian S.
Description: This report explores all of these difficult constitutional issues prompted by the idea of making Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA) court proceedings more adversarial. It includes background on public advocates, their roles and appointment, and Article III issues raised by a FISA public advocate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class aircraft carrier program. Congress's decisions on the CVN-78 program could substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Brief: U.S. Nuclear Weapon "Pit" Production: Background and Options

In Brief: U.S. Nuclear Weapon "Pit" Production: Background and Options

Date: March 20, 2014
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan E.
Description: This report discusses background on nuclear weapon pit production, pit fabrication options, analytical chemistry options, and related questions for Congress. It shows that many options are available for making 80 pits per year (ppy), but it cannot determine which, if any, could support that capacity because data do not exist on how much MAR and space are needed for AC and pit fabrication for 80 ppy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Condition of Depository Banks

Financial Condition of Depository Banks

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report discusses the congressional interest in the financial conditions of depository banks or the commercial banking industry that has increased in the wake of the financial crisis that unfolded in 2007-2009, which resulted in a large increase in the number of distressed institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet, which performs a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions. The report is written in response to the Coast Guard's budget request for a new polar ice breaker (none are currently in operation).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil: Political and Economic Situation and U.S. Relations

Brazil: Political and Economic Situation and U.S. Relations

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses United States' relations with Brazil, which is the seventh-largest economy in the world and is recognized by the Obama Administration's National Security Strategy as an emerging center of influence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Date: March 25, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, and the Afghan government. It also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai to address corruption within the Afghan government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reporting Foreign Financial Assets Under Titles 26 and 31: FATCA and FBAR

Reporting Foreign Financial Assets Under Titles 26 and 31: FATCA and FBAR

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report outlines the U.S. reporting requirements for foreign assets and accounts under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) along with the reporting requirements of the Foreign Bank Account Reporting (FBAR) under the Bank Secrecy Act. It also addresses the requirements imposed on foreign financial institutions and the agreements the United States has with other countries to cooperate in information reporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Frequently Asked Questions

Military Base Closures: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 19, 2014
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report discusses military base closures and Frequently Asked Question that examine the provisions in the Constitution and in permanent statute that define and limit federal authority to disestablish or diminish employment at defense sites.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases: Congressional Responses and Options

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses elements of the greenhouse gas (GHG) controversy, providing background on stationary sources of GHG pollution and identifying options Congress has at its disposal to address GHG issues, including: (1) resolutions of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act; (2) freestanding legislation; (3) the use of appropriations bills as a vehicle to influence EPA activity; and (4) amendments to the Clean Air Act, including legislation to establish a new GHG control regime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department