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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Security Assistance and Cooperation: Shared Responsibility of the Departments of State and Defense

Security Assistance and Cooperation: Shared Responsibility of the Departments of State and Defense

Date: April 4, 2016
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. assistance to and engagement with foreign military and other security forces, focusing on Department of State and DOD roles. It lays out the historical evolution and current framework of the Department of State-DOD shared responsibility. It concludes with a brief overview of salient issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Chinese Military: Overview and Issues for Congress

The Chinese Military: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: March 24, 2016
Creator: Rinehart, Ian E.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Chinese military. In order to cover a wide range of issues in a concise format, the report does not go into great depth on many topics and omits other topics that might be considered germane.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Aliso Canyon Natural Gas Leak: State and Federal Response and Oversight

The Aliso Canyon Natural Gas Leak: State and Federal Response and Oversight

Date: March 9, 2016
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K. & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report briefly discusses the large, uncontrollable natural gas leak in the Aliso Canyon Underground Storage Facility near the Porter Ranch community in Los Angeles County, California, which occurred between October 23, 2015, and February 11, 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Arms Sales: Congressional Review Process

Date: April 19, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report reviews the process and procedures that currently apply to congressional consideration of foreign arms sales proposed by the President. This includes consideration of proposals to sell major defense equipment, defense articles and services, or the re-transfer to third party states of such military items.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed U.S. Foreign Assistance Initiative "Peace Colombia"

The Proposed U.S. Foreign Assistance Initiative "Peace Colombia"

Date: March 3, 2016
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Description: This report briefly discusses Plan Colombia, a bilateral cooperation program aimed at improving Colombia's security and strengthening its democratic development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides information and analysis relevant for Congress on the following: Assessments of U.S.-Turkey relations, Turkish foreign policy, and Turkey's strategic orientation, Turkish efforts to cooperate with the United States against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and key issues regarding Turkey's domestic politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 18, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate program, a program to procure a large number of LCSs and modified LCSs. Congress's decisions on the LCS/Frigate program will affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: March 11, 2016
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren & Husted, Tomas F.
Description: This report discusses Nigeria's relationship with the U.S. The Obama Administration has been supportive of reform initiatives in Nigeria, including anti-corruption efforts, economic and electoral reforms, energy sector privatization, and programs to promote peace and development in the Niger Delta. Congress oversees more than $600 million in U.S. foreign aid programs in Nigeria--one of the largest U.S. bilateral assistance packages in Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress

The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress

Date: April 5, 2016
Creator: Lucas, Nathan J. & McInnis, Kathleen J.
Description: This report discusses the National Security Strategy (NSS), a document released by the Obama Administration which states that its purpose is to "set out the principles and priorities to guide the use of American power and influence in the world."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 25, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Navy's irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) operations. Congress's decisions regarding Navy IW and CT operations can affect Navy operations and funding requirements, and the implementation of the nation's overall IW and CT strategies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aliens' Right to Counsel in Removal Proceedings: In Brief

Aliens' Right to Counsel in Removal Proceedings: In Brief

Date: March 17, 2016
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the various legal authorities governing aliens' right to counsel--as that term is broadly understood--in removal proceedings. It does not address aliens' right to counsel in criminal proceedings, the outcomes of which could potentially affect their ability to remain in the United States under immigration law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Funding for Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CSS) at DOE: In Brief

Funding for Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CSS) at DOE: In Brief

Date: April 19, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter
Description: This report discusses current legislation regarding the potential of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) as a mitigation strategy for lowering global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). Congress has appropriated more than $7 billion since FY2008 to CCS activities at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: Politics, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Iran: Politics, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 10, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides background on Iran's political history and examines the current political climate. The report also considers U.S. policy responses, specifically in regards to Iran's nuclear capabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: March 15, 2016
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report discusses various issues regarding the Family Planning Program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act. Enacted in 1970, it is the only domestic federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Date: March 29, 2016
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J. & Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report addresses common questions regarding Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR)--the military campaign to counter the Islamic State (IS)--which has three primary components: coordinated air strikes, training and equipping local security forces, and targeted special operations based out of northern Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine. Following the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discharging a Senate Committee from Consideration of a Nomination

Discharging a Senate Committee from Consideration of a Nomination

Date: April 5, 2016
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth
Description: Some press reports have suggested that the full Senate could vote in relation to the nomination of Merrick B. Garland to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, even if the Senate Judiciary Committee does not act on the nomination. This report addresses questions concerning the exact nature of such a vote; it also explains the procedural steps that could be necessary to bring the nomination to a direct vote on the floor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Court Declines to Bar the Resettlement of Syrian Refugees in Texas

Federal Court Declines to Bar the Resettlement of Syrian Refugees in Texas

Date: February 26, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses a federal district court's decision to deny the State of Texas's request that the federal government and a private refugee relief organization be temporarily barred from resettling Syrian refugees within the state pending resolution of Texas's challenge to such resettlement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Temporarily Filling Presidentially Appointed, Senate-Confirmed Positions

Date: April 1, 2016
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report examines several authorities by which a vacant presidentially appointed, Senate-confirmed position can be filled temporarily without going through the Senate confirmation process..
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: March 4, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses current political and security dynamics in Libya following the fall of Muammar al Qadhafi in 2011. As of early 2016, a United Nations-facilitated agreement to form a Government of National Accord (GNA) remains under consideration by Libyan factions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA's Clean Power Plan for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

EPA's Clean Power Plan for Existing Power Plants: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: April 5, 2016
Creator: McCarthy, James E.; Ramseur, Jonathan L.; Wyatt, Alexandra M. & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report summarizes the issues the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) encountered when developing regulations for "carbon pollution" from existing power plants as part of the Clean Power Plan. The report describes how the EPA resolved these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: March 15, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. While legislative initiatives are noted throughout the report, a final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas and Crude Oil: Federal and State Regulatory Authority

Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas and Crude Oil: Federal and State Regulatory Authority

Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report discusses the relationship between federal and state authority over siting and safety of crude oil and natural gas transmission and gathering pipelines and related facilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities--Background and Issues for Congress

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities--Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 31, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on China's naval modernization effort and its implications for U.S. Navy capabilities. Decisions that Congress reaches on this issue could affect U.S. Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the U.S. defense industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department