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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on maritime territorial and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) disputes in the East China (ECS) and South China Sea (SCS) involving China, with a focus on how these disputes may affect U.S. strategic and policy interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy LX(R) Amphibious Ship Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy LX(R) Amphibious Ship Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 27, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the LX(R) amphibious ship program, a Navy program to build a new class of 11 amphibious ships. The Navy wants to procure the first LX(R) in FY2020. Decisions Congress makes on the LX(R) program will affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Drug Problem: UNGA Convenes for a Special Session

The World Drug Problem: UNGA Convenes for a Special Session

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Rosen, Liana W.
Description: This report briefly discusses the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), which has convened in New York for a special session on "The World Drug Problem." It is the third time the UNGA will convene such a session on global drug issues. Previous special sessions on drugs were held in 1990 and 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on three potential new weapons that could improve the ability of Navy surface ships to defend themselves against enemy missiles--solid state lasers (SSLs), the electromagnetic railgun (EMRG), and the hypervelocity projectile (HVP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential References to the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force in Publicly Available Executive Actions and Reports to Congress

Presidential References to the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force in Publicly Available Executive Actions and Reports to Congress

Date: May 11, 2016
Creator: Weed, Matthew
Description: This memorandum sets out information and analysis concerning presidential references in official notifications and records to the Authorization for Use of Military Force (2001 AUMF; Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. § 1541 note), enacted in response to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. It contains very brief discussions of the relevant provisions of the 2001 AUMF, and the uses of U.S. armed forces connected with 2001 AUMF authority, as well as excerpted language and other information from the notifications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Display of the Confederate Flag at Federal Cemeteries in the United States

Display of the Confederate Flag at Federal Cemeteries in the United States

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Comay, Laura B. & Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report discusses policies regarding the display of the Confederate Flag at national cemeteries. If a state observes a Confederate Memorial Day, National Park Service (NPS) cemeteries in the state may permit a sponsoring group to decorate the graves of Confederate veterans with small Confederate flags. Additionally, such flags may also be displayed on the nationally observed Memorial Day, to accompany the U.S. flag on the graves of Confederate veterans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fact Sheet: Selected Highlights of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4909)

Fact Sheet: Selected Highlights of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4909)

Date: May 12, 2016
Creator: Towell, Pat & Williams, Lynn M.
Description: This report provides selected highlights of H.R. 4909, the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) reported by the House Armed Services Committee on May 4, 2016 (H.Rept. 114-537). Table 1 provides a summary of amounts recommended for authorization. Table 2 provides a summary of selected congressional budget reductions and restrictions, and Table 3 provides a summary of selected Administration policy and cost-cutting proposals. Table 4 provides a summary of selected congressional budget increases and policy initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Air Quality Issues in Natural Gas Systems

An Overview of Air Quality Issues in Natural Gas Systems

Date: June 1, 2016
Creator: Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report provides information on the natural gas industry and the types and sources of air pollutants in the sector. It examines the role of the federal government in regulating these emissions, including the provisions in the Clean Air Act and Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) regulatory activities. It concludes with a brief discussion of the outstanding issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities--Background and Issues for Congress

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities--Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 31, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on China's naval modernization effort and its implications for U.S. Navy capabilities. The issue for Congress is how the U.S. Navy should respond to China's military modernization effort, particularly its naval modernization effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Declining Dynamism in the U.S. Labor Market

Declining Dynamism in the U.S. Labor Market

Date: June 15, 2016
Creator: Perkins, David W.
Description: This report discusses certain measures of the U.S. labor market "dynamism" or "fluidity"--including job reallocation, worker churn, and geographic labor mobility-- which some observers note have been declining for the past 20 years or more.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Growth Slower Than Previous 10 Expansions

Economic Growth Slower Than Previous 10 Expansions

Date: June 30, 2016
Creator: Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the recent pace of economic growth in the United States. A recent poll found that nearly 60% of U.S. adults believe that the economy is performing poorly. Although this expansion is already the fourth longest since the 1850's (34 quarters to date), the slow pace of economic growth means the overall gains have been relatively small.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Data Privacy: From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield

U.S.-EU Data Privacy: From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield

Date: May 19, 2016
Creator: Weiss, Martin A. & Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides background on U.S. and European Union (EU) data protection policies and the Safe Harbor Agreement, discusses the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruling, and reviews the key elements of the newly-proposed Privacy Shield. It also explores various issues for Congress, including implications for U.S. firms of Safe Harbor's invalidation and the role of the Judicial Redress Act in helping to ameliorate U.S.-EU tensions on data privacy and protection issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of the campaign finance landscape and policy issues that may confront Congress. It includes information about the development of campaign finance law with selected litigation as well as potential policy considerations and emerging issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What, If Anything, Has Judge Garland Said About the Second Amendment and Guns?

What, If Anything, Has Judge Garland Said About the Second Amendment and Guns?

Date: May 6, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar briefly examines D.C. Circuit Judge Merrick Garland's views on the second amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in Washington State in 2013). It begins with a brief discussion of the legislative origins of federal assistance, and then addresses eligibility issues and program operation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Athletic Footwear for the Military: The Berry Amendment Controversy

Athletic Footwear for the Military: The Berry Amendment Controversy

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report briefly examines issues regarding the Berry Amendment, which is a 1941 federal law (10 U.S.C. §2533a) requiring the Department of Defense (DOD) to purchase only wholly American-made clothing, textiles, and other essential items for the military.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zika Response Funding: In Brief

Zika Response Funding: In Brief

Date: April 28, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing U.S. Agricultural Exports to Cuba

Financing U.S. Agricultural Exports to Cuba

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report discusses a new policy approach toward Cuba that, in part, seeks to reduce the role of long-standing U.S. sanctions on commercial relations with Cuba while also promoting greater engagement and normal relations with the island nation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Orlando Nightclub Mass Shooting: Gun Checks and Terrorist Watchlists

Orlando Nightclub Mass Shooting: Gun Checks and Terrorist Watchlists

Date: June 16, 2016
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report discusses the policy climate surrounding gun control in the wake of the attack in an Orlando, Florida nightclub. On June 12, 2016, an armed assailant killed 49 people and wounded over 50 others in the club.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 27, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class aircraft carrier program. The Navy's proposed FY2017 budget requests a total of $2,662.6 million in procurement and advance procurement (AP) funding for CVN-79 and CVN-80, the second and third ships in the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 (S. 524): Comparison of Senate- and House-Passed Versions

The Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 (S. 524): Comparison of Senate- and House-Passed Versions

Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Bagalman, Erin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report discusses selected differences and similarities between the Senate- and House-passed versions of the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act of 2016 (CARA; S. 524), which aims to address the problem of opioid addiction in the United States. The two versions of the bill differ substantially. The scope of the differences may be illustrated by their structures: The Senate bill has 28 sections organized in 8 titles, whereas the House bill has 69 sections organized in 18 titles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure

EPA Policies Concerning Integrated Planning and Affordability of Water Infrastructure

Date: May 2, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report examines two recent initiatives by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in which the agency works with states to develop and implement new approaches for water quality goals that will be more cost-effective and address the most pressing water infrastructure problems first. The examples include an integrated planning policy and a framework policy for assessing a community's financial capability to meet objectives and requirements of the Clean Water Act (CWA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Legislative Options for Financing Water Infrastructure

Date: June 1, 2016
Creator: Copeland, Claudia; Maguire, Steven & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses several options considered by Congress to address the financing needs of local communities for wastewater and drinking water infrastructure projects and to decrease or close the gap between available funds and projected needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report looks at the background of Iran's nuclear policy. It covers the current status of Iran's nuclear facilities, and current controversy surrounding them, as well as the effects of international sanctions on Iran, recent sabotages on the Iran Enrichment Program, an estimated timeline of Iran's nuclear weapon capabilities, and whether or not Iran even has a nuclear weapons program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department