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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Taiwan’s National Development Conference: Proposed Policy Changes and Implications for the United States

Taiwan’s National Development Conference: Proposed Policy Changes and Implications for the United States

Date: February 24, 1997
Creator: Sutter, Robert G.
Description: This report discusses Taiwan’s National Development and and policy changes important to Taiwan, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Texts of the Taiwan Relations Act, the U.S. - China Communiques, and the "Six Assurances"

Taiwan: Texts of the Taiwan Relations Act, the U.S. - China Communiques, and the "Six Assurances"

Date: July 13, 1998
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report discusses the U.S. policy on Taiwan, which is governed by the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), the 3 U.S. joint communiqués with China, and the so-called "Six Assurances" on Taiwan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia and U.S. Foreign Assistance: 1992-1996

Russia and U.S. Foreign Assistance: 1992-1996

Date: March 20, 1996
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report provides historical background that may be useful to Congress as it considers funding levels, types of programs, and problems in implementation of U.S. assistance to other countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Pending Legislation in the 105th Congress

China: Pending Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: June 19, 1998
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: The 105 Congress has been active on issues involving China. This report, which will be updated as developments occur, tracks pending human rights legislation, including bills concerning: prison conditions and prison labor exports; coercive abortion practices; China’s policies toward religion; and more general human rights issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo: Review and Analysis of Policy Objectives, 1998-June 1999

Kosovo: Review and Analysis of Policy Objectives, 1998-June 1999

Date: July 21, 1999
Creator: Kim, Julie
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. and international policy objectives in Kosovo from 1998 to mid-1999, when NATO ended an 11-week air strike operation against Yugoslavia (Serbia) and began to deploy a U.N.-authorized peacekeeping force in Kosovo. It reviews stated objectives at various points during this period. It provides an analysis of how certain policy objectives evolved and discusses the extent to which they were or were not achieved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: June 5, 1998
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E. & Shuey, Robert D.
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use, criteria to consider when determining if sanctions are appropriate, approaches that might be effective, and aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Situation Update

Turkey: Situation Update

Date: September 12, 1997
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report briefly discusses recent political, economic, and security issues in Turkey, especially relating to Turkey's relationship with Greece, the European Union, and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba-U.S. Relations: Should the United States Reexamine Its Policy?

Cuba-U.S. Relations: Should the United States Reexamine Its Policy?

Date: September 29, 1994
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report first outlines the current U.S. policy approach toward Cuba and then discusses the option of moderating policy and what this strategy might entail. It then examines the arguments in favor of such a policy approach and the arguments opposed to changing U.S. Policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Efforts to Restore President Aristide, 1991-1994

Haiti: Efforts to Restore President Aristide, 1991-1994

Date: May 11, 1995
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report tracks the efforts to restore to office President Aristide of Haiti between the years 1991-1994. During this period, the main U.S. foreign policy concern was the restoration of the democratic process to Haiti. Closely related to this was the issue of Haitians attempting to flee to the United States by boat. Congressional concerns focused on human rights, Haitian migration, socioeconomic conditions, and drug trafficking.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934

The U.S. Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934

Date: May 26, 1994
Creator: Best, Jr., Richard A.
Description: In 1915, the United States undertook a military occupation of Haiti to preempt any European intervention, to establish order out of civil strife, and to stabilize Haitian finances. During the nineteen-year occupation, U.S. military and civilian officials, numbering less than 2500 for the most part, supervised the collection of taxes and the disbursement of revenues, maintained public order, and initiated a program of public works. The Haitian government remained in place, but was subject to U.S. guidance. The Haitian people benefitted from the end of endemic political violence and from the construction of roads, bridges, and ports as well as from improved access to health care. The U.S. occupation was, nonetheless, deeply resented throughout Haitian society, and many of its accomplishments did not long endure its termination in 1934.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Economic Sanctions Through 1996

U.S. Economic Sanctions Through 1996

Date: November 21, 1996
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E. & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: Since the early 1960s, the United States has imposed a range of economic sanctions on Cuba, the most prominent of which is a comprehensive embargo prohibiting trade with Cuba. This Congressional Research Service report first provides an overview of U.S.-Cuba relations and U.S. policy toward Cuba. It then examines the history and current legislative and executive authorities of the various components of U.S. sanctions against Cuba, including aid, trade, and other restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Radio and Television Broadcasting to Cuba: Background and Current Issues

Radio and Television Broadcasting to Cuba: Background and Current Issues

Date: August 5, 1994
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report provides a legislative history and funding levels for Cuba Broadcasting. It discusses specific concerns some lawmakers have had with Radio and TV Marti over the years, and presents the Panel's recommendations and the USIA Director's response and determinations, as required by the FYI994 appropriations act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israeli-Palestinian Agreement

Israeli-Palestinian Agreement

Date: September 17, 1993
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: On August 27, 1993, Israel and the Palestinians announced that Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) official Mahmoud Abbas (also known as Abu Mazen) had initialed a landmark agreement on August 19 in Oslo, Norway on a Declaration of Principles on interim self-government for the West Bank and Gaza Strip. On September 9, PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin exchanged letters unprecedented mutual recognition. On September 10, President Clinton welcomed the agreement, thanked Congress for its support, and announced that the United States would resume its dialog with the PLO. The Declaration was signed at the White House on September 13. This report provides summaries of the Declaration and the letters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References

Japan-U.S. Economic Relations: Selected References

Date: August 1, 1992
Creator: Howe, Robert
Description: This report contains a list of readings focuses on the current state of the U.S. economic relationship with Japan. A general, introductory section is followed by citations discussing specific Japanese business practices and trade policies which have an impact on the relationship. The bibliography also describes trade trends in specific sectors (including commentaries on the semiconductor agreement) and concludes with a section on policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: November 1, 1999
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E & Shuey, Robert
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions. It addresses the following questions: Why do we apply sanctions? What objectives does the U.S. government seek to achieve when it imposes sanctions? Who imposes sanctions? What tools are available? How likely is it that sanctions will achieve the stated goal? What secondary consequences might sanctions have? What change is required for the sanctions to be lifted? Would multilateral sanctions be more desirable and achievable? The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Missile Technology and Nuclear Reactor Transfers to Iran

Russian Missile Technology and Nuclear Reactor Transfers to Iran

Date: December 14, 1998
Creator: Goldman, Stuart D; Katzman, Kenneth; Shuey, Robert & Behrens, Carl E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities

Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities

Date: September 4, 1998
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Changing Conditions

China's Changing Conditions

Date: December 11, 1996
Creator: Sutter, Robert G
Description: Congressional interest in the leadership change and economic transformation underway in China has grown substantially over the past few years. Leading congressional concerns focus on how economic conditions in China pose opportunities for U.S. enterprise and how the evolution of conditions in China fosters U.S. security, economic, and political interests. Congressional concern with China grew in 1995 and 1996 as a result of reports of the serious decline in the health of senior Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. Present conditions in China include; A vibrant but sometimes overheated economy, A less divided central political leadership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for Congress

Cuba: Issues for Congress

Date: December 2, 1996
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: This report examines the economic and political situation in Cuba, including the human rights situation, and U.S. policy toward Cuba. The report also analyzes a number of issues facing Congress in U.S. policy toward Cuba, including: the overall direction of U.S. policy; challenges to U.S. policy in the World Trade Organization; restrictions on commercial food and medical exports; restrictions on travel; bilateral drug trafficking cooperation; Cuba and terrorism; funding for U.S.-government sponsored radio and television broadcasting to Cuba; the Russian signals intelligence facility in Cuba; migration issues; and compensation to the families of those Americans killed in 1996 when Cuba shot down two U.S. civilian planes. The report cites legislation that was passed in the 106th Congress, and also tracks legislative action on these various issues in U.S. policy toward Cuba in the 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities

Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities

Date: February 17, 1998
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions

Iran: Arms and Technology Acquisitions

Date: June 22, 1998
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: U.S. Policy and Negotiations to Halt Its Nuclear Weapons Program: An Annotated Chronology and Analysis

North Korea: U.S. Policy and Negotiations to Halt Its Nuclear Weapons Program: An Annotated Chronology and Analysis

Date: November 18, 1994
Creator: Cronin, Richard P & Moore, Violet Jie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Korean Crisis, 1994: Military Geography, Military Balance, Military Options

Korean Crisis, 1994: Military Geography, Military Balance, Military Options

Date: April 11, 1994
Creator: Collins, John M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?

Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?

Date: November 10, 1992
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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