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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Gun Industry Liability: Lawsuits and Legislation

Gun Industry Liability: Lawsuits and Legislation

Date: March 30, 1999
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report discusses gun industry liability issues after the Maryland Court of Appeals announced that it was changing the common law "to hold the manufacturers and marketers of Saturday Night Special handguns strictly liable to innocent persons who suffer gunshot injuries from the criminal use of their products." Kelley v. R.G. Industries, Inc., 497 A.2d 1143, 1159 (Md. 1985).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Situation Update

Turkey: Situation Update

Date: September 12, 1997
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report briefly discusses recent political, economic, and security issues in Turkey, especially relating to Turkey's relationship with Greece, the European Union, and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Guard, State Defense Forces, And the Militias: Official and Unofficial Status

The National Guard, State Defense Forces, And the Militias: Official and Unofficial Status

Date: May 9, 1995
Creator: Goldich, Robert L.
Description: This short report discusses the differences between state militias (e.g. state Army National Guard and Air National Guard units), state military forces with no federal connections, and private organizations that claim to be state militias but which are not sanctioned by the state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Basic Questions on U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization

Basic Questions on U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization

Date: March 3, 1992
Creator: Eig, Larry M.
Description: U.S. citizenship is conferred at birth under the principle of jus soli (nationality of place of birth) and the principle of jus sanguinis (nationality of parents). The U.S. Constitution states as a fundamental rule of jus soli citizenship that "all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside." The exceptions to universal citizenship comprehended by the requirement that a person be born "subject to the jurisdiction thereof" include: (1) children born to a foreign sovereign or accredited diplomatic official; (2) children born on a foreign public vessel, such as a warship; (3) children born to an alien enemy in hostile occupation; and (4) native Indians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Background to the Overthrow of President Aristide

Background to the Overthrow of President Aristide

Date: October 22, 1993
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report provides background information on the violent and authoritarian traditions that have characterized Haiti's political dynamics since Haiti attained independence in 1804. It examines Haiti's difficult path toward democracy after the fall of the Duvalier regime, from numerous short-lived governments until the election of Aristide. Finally, the report also surveys Aristide's rule and his subsequent overthrow by the Haitian military.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Au Pair Program

The Au Pair Program

Date: January 30, 1998
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: Legislation passed late in the 103rd Congress granted the U.S. Information Agency (USIA) authority to design and implement more rigorous rules regulating the au pair program. In 1997, the au pair program received considerable media attention as a result of the Louise Woodward court case regarding possible involvement of an au pair in the death of a child in Massachusetts. The U.S. Information Agency amended existing federal regulations for the au pair program in September 1997 to underscore the cultural exchange aspect of the program and strengthen au pair recruiting and training.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Assault Weapons Ban: Review of Federal Laws Controlling Possessions of Certain Firearms

The Assault Weapons Ban: Review of Federal Laws Controlling Possessions of Certain Firearms

Date: December 1, 1995
Creator: Schrader, Dorothy
Description: This report reviews the 1994 assault weapons ban, which is effective for ten years on 19 types of semiautomatic assault weapons. The Act builds upon a 60-year history of federal regulation of firearms. The report also summarizes the pre-1994 federal gun control laws, analyzes the major cases relating to constitutional and statutory challenges to these laws, and reviews judicial and legislative developments since enactment of the ban.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Diversity Treaty: Fact Sheet

Biological Diversity Treaty: Fact Sheet

Date: May 16, 1995
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: As human activity continues to change and modify natural areas, widespread extinctions of plants, animals, and other types of species result. In 1992, negotiations conducted under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) were completed on a comprehensive global treaty to protect biological diversity (biodiversity). In June 1993, President Clinton signed the treaty and sent it to the Senate for advice and consent. It is not pending in the Senate. The treaty entered into force on December 29, 1993. As of May 15, 1995, 118 nations had ratified the treaty.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis

Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis

Date: March 8, 1994
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: A cigarette excise tax increase of 75 cents per pack has been proposed to finance part of the President's universal health care program. The tax enjoys considerable public support, would raise about $11 billion per year, and would be relatively simple to administer because it would increase an existing manufacturer's excise tax. This report discusses these rationales, as well as other effects of and concerns about the tax, organized into topics of market failure as a justification for the tax (i.e., economic efficiency); potential for revenue; equity; and the job loss the tax might cause in tobacco growing regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba-U.S. Relations: Should the United States Reexamine Its Policy?

Cuba-U.S. Relations: Should the United States Reexamine Its Policy?

Date: September 29, 1994
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report first outlines the current U.S. policy approach toward Cuba and then discusses the option of moderating policy and what this strategy might entail. It then examines the arguments in favor of such a policy approach and the arguments opposed to changing U.S. Policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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