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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The United Kingdom: Issues for the United States

The United Kingdom: Issues for the United States

Date: February 28, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report assesses the current state of U.S.-UK relations. It examines the pressures confronting London as it attempts to balance its interests between the United States and the EU, and the prospects for the future of the U.S.-UK partnership, especially in the unfolding Brown era. It also describes UK views on political, security, and economic issues of particular importance to the United States, and their implications for U.S. policy that may be of interest in the second session of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nicaragua: Political Situation and U.S. Relations

Nicaragua: Political Situation and U.S. Relations

Date: March 17, 2008
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report provides background information and political situation of Nicaragua and its relations with United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives

United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives

Date: November 24, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report focuses on current U.N. reform efforts and priorities from the perspective of several key actors, including the U.S. government, the U.N. Secretary-General, selected groups of member states, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and a cross-section of groups tasked with addressing U.N. reform. It also examines congressional actions related to U.N. reform, as well as future policy considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dominican Republic: Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States

Dominican Republic: Political and Economic Conditions and Relations with the United States

Date: April 1, 2008
Creator: Rush, Rebecca G. & Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report discusses the political and economic conditions in Dominican Republic and its relations with United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade in Services: The Doha Development Agenda Negotiations and U.S Goals

Trade in Services: The Doha Development Agenda Negotiations and U.S Goals

Date: January 24, 2008
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report is designed to assist Congress to understand and monitor progress of the negotiations and the major issues that the negotiators are addressing. The report provides a brief background section on the significance of services to the U.S. economy. It then explains briefly the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the structure and agenda of the services negotiations in the DDA round, including U.S. objectives in the negotiations. The report concludes with a status report on the negotiations and an examination of potential results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)

Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)

Date: January 16, 2008
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report looks at the background and current status of the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), which was formed to increase international cooperation in interdicting shipments of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

Date: February 1, 2008
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report tracks the process by which Congress provides the funding for U.S. assessed contributions to the regular budgets of the United Nations, its agencies, and U.N. peacekeeping operation accounts, as well for U.S. voluntary contributions to U.N. system programs and funds. It includes information on the President’s request and the congressional response, as well as congressional initiatives during this legislative process. Basic information is provided to help the reader understand this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

Date: June 5, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides historical background of the Council, including the role of the previous Commission. It discusses the Council's current mandate and structure, as well as U.S. policy and congressional actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Criminal Court Cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues

International Criminal Court Cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues

Date: September 12, 2008
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Margesson, Rhoda & Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: This report provides background on current International Criminal Court (ICC) cases and examines issues raised by the ICC's actions in Africa, including the potential deterrence of future abuses and the potential impact on African peace processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Update on Crisis of Identity and Power

Turkey: Update on Crisis of Identity and Power

Date: September 2, 2008
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses the current political situation in Turkey and its relations with Untied States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: October 7, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information regarding Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia and discusses most recent developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: Terrorism List Removal?

North Korea: Terrorism List Removal?

Date: November 6, 2008
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Description: This report discusses the issue of North Korea's inclusion on the U.S. list of terrorism-supporting countries, which has been a major issue in U.S.-North Korean diplomacy since 2000, particularly in connection with negotiations over North Korea's nuclear program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Africa: Current Issues and U.S. Relations

South Africa: Current Issues and U.S. Relations

Date: October 7, 2008
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report looks at the relationship between the United States and South Africa. Topics include: foreign policy issues; health (in particular HIV/AIDS) reform; economics and electricity shortages; and corruption in South African politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights and State Sovereign Immunity

Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights and State Sovereign Immunity

Date: September 17, 2008
Creator: Todd Garvey & Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report discusses the Eleventh Amendment and the concept of state sovereign immunity. Although the amendment appears to be focused on preventing suits against a state by non-residents in federal courts, the U.S. Supreme Court has expanded the concept of state sovereign immunity to reach much further than the literal text of the amendment, to include immunity from suits by the states' own citizens and immunity from suits under federal law within a state's own court system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration and Their Implementation

Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration and Their Implementation

Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report sketches the procedures prescribed by the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) for congressional action in relation to agreements of this kind.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Financial Crisis: The Global Dimension with Implications for U.S. Policy

The U.S. Financial Crisis: The Global Dimension with Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 10, 2008
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.; Weiss, Martin A.; Jackson, James K.; Dolven, Ben; Morrison, Wayne M.; Cooper, William H. et al.
Description: This report examines the global impact of the financial crisis and resulting challenges, moving forward. The crisis exposed fundamental weaknesses in financial systems worldwide, and despite coordinated easing of monetary policy by governments and trillions of dollars in intervention by governments and the International Monetary Fund, the crisis continues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: August 29, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information and recent developments in Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia. The report discusses renewed conflict in South Ossetia, implications for Georgia and Russia, and international and U.S. responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Selected Foreign Policy Issues and U.S. Views

Turkey: Selected Foreign Policy Issues and U.S. Views

Date: August 29, 2008
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report focuses on the foreign policy of Turkey, a long-time valued U.S. NATO ally, and examines the ruling Justice and Development Party's (AKP) recalculation of the country's approach to foreign affairs and its possible effects on relations with the United States. This report surveys Turkish foreign policy issues that are of critical interest to U.S. officials and Members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments

Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments

Date: August 12, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information on terrorist attacks in Russia's North Caucasus that includes the formerly breakaway Chechnya and other ethnic-based regions, which appeared to increase substantially in 2007-2009. The report discusses impacts of the August 2008 Russia-Georgia conflict and the recent development in the Northern Caucasus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The North Korean Economy: Leverage and Policy Analysis

The North Korean Economy: Leverage and Policy Analysis

Date: August 26, 2008
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report provides an overview of the North Korean economy, its external economic relations, reforms, and U.S. policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Trade Organization Negotiations: The Doha Development Agenda

World Trade Organization Negotiations: The Doha Development Agenda

Date: August 18, 2008
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report discusses the World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations, begun in November 2001, which has entered its 11th year. It includes background on Doha and the significance of the negotiations, as well as a breakdown of issues on the Doha agenda and the role of the Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration and Their Implementation

Nuclear Cooperation Agreement with Russia: Statutory Procedures for Congressional Consideration and Their Implementation

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report sketches the procedures prescribed by the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) for congressional action in relation to nuclear cooperation agreements, then summarizes legislative proceedings occurring in relation to the proposed agreement with Russia, beginning with its recent submission. It also addresses several questions regarding the implementation and intent of these statutory requirements related to the proposed agreement with the Russian Federation. Special attention is given to the definition of "days of continuous session" and possible implications of this definition depending on whether or not the requisite period ends before the end of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparing Global Influence: China's and U.S. Diplomacy, Foreign Aid, Trade, and Investment in the Developing World

Comparing Global Influence: China's and U.S. Diplomacy, Foreign Aid, Trade, and Investment in the Developing World

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Lum, Thomas; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Cook, Nicolas & Coipuram, Thomas, Jr.
Description: This report compares the People's Republic of China's (PRC) and U.S. projections of global influence, with an emphasis on non-coercive means or "soft power," and suggests ways to think about U.S. foreign policy options in light of China's emergence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Russia-Georgia Conflict in South Ossetia: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: August 13, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information and recent developments in the Russia-Georgia conflict in South Ossetia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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