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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Month: August
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. The report offers a general view of energy consumption trends, and Table 1 shows consumption by economic sector — residential, commercial, transportation, and industry — from 1950 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline and Oil Prices

Gasoline and Oil Prices

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report examines the extent of price increases in gasoline and oil, focuses on the linkage between the two, and analyzes the causes of the price increases, and the likelihood that they might be reversed through market responses, or policy measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Energy Tax Policy: History and Current Issues

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: This report discusses the history, current posture, and outlook for federal energy tax policy. It also discusses current energy tax proposals and major energy tax provisions enacted in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E): Background, Status, and Selected Issues for Congress

Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E): Background, Status, and Selected Issues for Congress

Date: August 12, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) design. The report discusses the legislative origins and policy debates prior to ARPA-E authorization and Bush administration response to ARPA-E authorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory framework, key players, infrastructure, resources, tools, and operations associated with enforcement and compliance of the major pollution control laws and regulations administered by EPA. It also outlines the roles of federal (including regional offices) and state regulators, as well as the regulated community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. The report offers a general view of energy consumption trends, Table 1 shows consumption by economic sector — residential, commercial, transportation, and industry — from 1950 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Date: August 12, 2008
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: In order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states, it must conclude a framework agreement that meets specific requirements under section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA). The AEA also provides for exemptions to these requirements, export control licensing procedures, and criteria for terminating cooperation. Congressional review is required for section 123 agreements; the AEA establishes special "fast track" parliamentary procedures by which Congress may act on a proposed agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil Development on Federal Lands and the Outer Continental Shelf

Oil Development on Federal Lands and the Outer Continental Shelf

Date: August 6, 2008
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: Over the past year, crude oil prices have nearly doubled, reaching record levels. Proposals before Congress include a number of legislative initiatives to increase domestic oil production. These proposals have fallen into two broad categories: (1) to open areas of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) which are currently under leasing moratoria; and (2) to encourage companies holding oil and gas leases to diligently develop leases to bring them into production. Proponents of these initiatives argue that promising areas should be open for exploration to maximize domestic oil production as quickly as possible. However, there are long lead times and often numerous considerations and constraints in getting federal oil and gas leases from the lease sale into production. Many leases never get explored before their primary lease term expires.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Rising Oil Prices

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Rising Oil Prices

Date: August 12, 2008
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: Petroleum prices have continued to rise sharply in 2008, at one time reaching more than $140 per barrel of crude oil. At the same time the average monthly volume of imports of energy-related petroleum products has fallen slightly. The combination of sharply rising prices and a slightly lower level of imports of energy-related petroleum products translates into an escalating cost for those imports. The prices of energy imports have been on a steady rise since summer of 2007, defying the pattern of declining energy import prices in the fall. This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the rising oil prices on the nation's merchandise trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department