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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Biofuels Provisions in the 2007 Energy Bill and the 2008 Farm Bill: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Biofuels Provisions in the 2007 Energy Bill and the 2008 Farm Bill: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Date: June 27, 2008
Creator: Capehart, Tom; Schnepf, Randy & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: The report discusses the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), also known as the 2007 energy bill. It also describes the key elements of EISA and the 2008 Farm Bill. The report provides a table with comparison of current or prior law with biofuels provisions in EISA and the enacted Farm Bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rising Energy Competition and Energy Security in Northeast Asia: Issues for U.S. Policy

Rising Energy Competition and Energy Security in Northeast Asia: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: May 13, 2008
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report analyzes how China, Japan, and South Korea's pursuits to bolster their energy security impacts U.S. interests. It also examines decisions being made by Asian states now that will significantly shape global affairs in the future, how these decisions might play out, and how Congress and the executive branch might play a role in those decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Low Carbon Fuel Standard: State and Federal Legislation and Regulations

A Low Carbon Fuel Standard: State and Federal Legislation and Regulations

Date: December 23, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report examines the merit and potential issues of adopting a Low Carbon Fuel Standard. The report uses California as a point of reference to compare to proposed federal standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report outlines federal programs that provide direct or indirect incentives for biofuels. For each program described, the report provides details including administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and expiration date.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress

Date: June 5, 2008
Creator: Sissine, Fred; Cunningham, Lynn J. & Gurevitz, Mark
Description: This report summarizes action on more than 360 energy efficiency and renewable energy bills introduced during the 110th Congress.1 These bills cover a wide range of policy and issue areas that include appropriations, authorizations, budget, research and development (R&D), grants, loans, financing, regulation (including a renewable fuel standard), tax incentives, goals, plans, impacts, and the environment/climate change.2 Most of these bills have focused on grants and tax incentives. The bills also cover a range of sectors and topics that include buildings, defense, education, federal lands and energy management, farms, American Indians, and international activities. Thus far, the sector of international activities has generated the greatest number of bills. For each bill listed in this report, a brief description and a summary of action are given, including references to committee hearings and reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. The report offers a general view of energy consumption trends, and Table 1 shows consumption by economic sector — residential, commercial, transportation, and industry — from 1950 to the present.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Administering Green Programs in Congress: Issues and Options

Administering Green Programs in Congress: Issues and Options

Date: October 6, 2008
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report discusses "green" programs and the higher profile they have gained in the 110th Congress. "Green" programs are those designed to create an environmentally friendly work environment and conserve energy. This report discusses initiatives and policy options that would improve the "greening" process on Capitol Hill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future

Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses the petroleum refining industry and its relation to the economy. Along with volatile changes in crude oil prices, the industry has faced evolving health, safety, and environmental requirements which have changed and multiplied product specifications and required capital investment in refineries. This report also seeks to describe the recent performance of the refining industry, to evaluate the structural changes that are occurring in the industry, and to analyze the nature and effects of the challenges confronting the industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Power Plants: Characteristics and Costs

Power Plants: Characteristics and Costs

Date: November 13, 2008
Creator: Kaplan, Stan
Description: This report analyzes the factors that determine the cost of electricity from new power plants. These factors — including construction costs, fuel expense, environmental regulations, and financing costs — can all be affected by government energy, environmental, and economic policies. The report provides projections of the possible cost of power from new fossil, nuclear, and renewable plants built in 2015, illustrating how different assumptions, such as for the availability of federal incentives, change the cost rankings of the technologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gasoline and Oil Prices

Gasoline and Oil Prices

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report examines the extent of price increases in gasoline and oil, focuses on the linkage between the two, and analyzes the causes of the price increases, and the likelihood that they might be reversed through market responses, or policy measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department