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 Year: 2002
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Role in Technology Development

The Federal Role in Technology Development

Date: July 30, 2002
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The federal government has traditionally played a role in fostering technological progress. This has involved both direct federal research and development (R&D) funding and indirect measures that create incentives for increased private sector investments in innovation. However, this mix of initiatives was challenged since the 104th Congress. While support for all on-going efforts continues, some programs have been funded at reduced levels. However, since FY2001, appropriations appear to have reversed this trend.
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Smallpox Vaccine Stockpile and Vaccination Policy

Smallpox Vaccine Stockpile and Vaccination Policy

Date: September 9, 2002
Creator: Johnson, Judith A
Description: None
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Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: September 13, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
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Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: August 23, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
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Iraq:  U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime

Iraq: U.S. Efforts to Change the Regime

Date: March 22, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
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Colombia: The Uribe Administration and Congressional Concerns

Colombia: The Uribe Administration and Congressional Concerns

Date: June 14, 2002
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: On August 7, 2002, President-elect, Alvaro Uribe Velez, age 49, is scheduled to take office amid an intensifying conflict. Uribe’s election has been widely attributed to his law-and-order campaign promises to pursue the guerrillas vigorously by increasing Colombia’s military budget, doubling the size of the military to 100,000, and creating a one-million man civilian militia to aid the Colombian military, as well as to the worsening security situation in Colombia.
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Argentina's Political Upheaval

Argentina's Political Upheaval

Date: January 25, 2002
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: This report examines Argentina’s political upheaval in the early 2000s; the outlook for the Duhalde government (President Eduardo Duhalde being sworn in on December 2003); and related implications for the United States.
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Interest Groups and Lobbyists: Sources of Information

Interest Groups and Lobbyists: Sources of Information

Date: July 18, 2002
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: None
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Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Date: July 11, 2002
Creator: Cronin, Richard P.
Description: This report provides information on and analysis of the current situation in Afghanistan, taking into consideration the country’s essential characteristics and political developments since about the time of the overthrow of the last Afghan King, Zahir Shah, in 1973, and sketches out four possible scenarios for Afghanistan’s future. Finally, the report identifies and analyzes factors that will influence Afghanistan’s political future, and discusses three policy areas in particular in which actions by the United States could be crucial to the achievement of the U.S. goal of a peaceful, stable, democratic, and terrorist-free Afghanistan. An appendix contains key documents relating to the December 2001 Bonn Agreement, which is the framework for current efforts to create a stable and democratic Afghanistan.
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Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State

Date: May 10, 2002
Creator: Cronin, Richard P.
Description: This report provides information on and analysis of the current situation in Afghanistan, taking into consideration the country’s essential characteristics and political developments since about the time of the overthrow of the last Afghan King, Zahir Shah, in 1973, and sketches out four possible scenarios for Afghanistan’s future. Finally, the report identifies and analyzes factors that will influence Afghanistan’s political future, and discusses three policy areas in particular in which actions by the United States could be crucial to the achievement of the U.S. goal of a peaceful, stable, democratic, and terrorist-free Afghanistan. An appendix contains key documents relating to the December 2001 Bonn Agreement, which is the framework for current efforts to create a stable and democratic Afghanistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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