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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Police Shootings and Federal Support for Law Enforcement Safety

Police Shootings and Federal Support for Law Enforcement Safety

Date: July 19, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report discusses federal support for law enforcement safety in light of the recent shooting deaths of police officers in Dallas, Texas, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2016 Olympic Games: Health, Security, Environmental, and Doping Issues

The 2016 Olympic Games: Health, Security, Environmental, and Doping Issues

Date: August 8, 2016
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine & Rollins, John W.
Description: This report discusses a variety of issues might pose risks to the health, safety, and general well-being of athletes and their families, team personnel, and spectators participating in or attending the 2016 Olympic Games. Chief among these are the Zika virus, public safety threats, security concerns, and environmental conditions. The report also discusses the possible implications of hosting the Olympics for Brazil and the issue of doping.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Circuit Rules on Trademarks Considered Offensive: May Affect Redskins Trademark Dispute

The Federal Circuit Rules on Trademarks Considered Offensive: May Affect Redskins Trademark Dispute

Date: August 8, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar examines cases involving the revocation of the Washington Redskins' federally-registered trademarks (Pro-Football, Inc. v. Blackhorse) and the refusal to grant registration for a rock band's name (In re Tam). These cases raise questions about the constitutionality of Section 2(a) of the Trademark Act of 1946 (conventionally known as the Lanham Act), which denies trademark registration to certain offensive content.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security Preparedness Grants: A Summary and Issues

Department of Homeland Security Preparedness Grants: A Summary and Issues

Date: October 28, 2016
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report a brief summary of the development of the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) role in providing homeland security assistance, a summary of the current homeland security programs managed by DHS, and a discussion of the following policy questions: (1) the purpose and number of programs; (2) the use of homeland security assistance program funding; and (3) the funding amounts for the programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts

U.S. Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts

Date: September 29, 2016
Creator: Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Description: This report lists the beginning and ending dates for "periods of war" found in Title 38 of the Code of Federal Regulations, dealing with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). It also lists and differentiates other beginning dates given in declarations of war, as well as termination of hostilities dates and armistice and ending dates given in proclamations, laws, or treaties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Human-Induced Earthquakes from Deep-Well Injection: A Brief Overview

Human-Induced Earthquakes from Deep-Well Injection: A Brief Overview

Date: September 30, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report reviews the current scientific understanding of induced seismicity, primarily in the context of Class II oil and gas wastewater disposal wells. The report also outlines the regulatory framework for these injection wells, and identifies several federal and state initiatives responding to recent events of induced seismicity associated with Class II disposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress

How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress

Date: September 2, 2016
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence; Feickert, Andrew; McInnis, Kathleen J. & Williams, Lynn M.
Description: This report provides an overview of active duty Army personnel strength changes in recent years, outlines the different end strength authorizations in the House and Senate versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), highlights the perspectives which have contributed to these diverging approaches in the respective NDAAs, and outlines some factors which Congress may consider as it determines the appropriate size for the Army.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 20, 2016
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report describes the current status of the INF Treaty and highlights issues that Congress may address as the United States pursues its compliance concerns with Russia. It includes a historical overview and summary of the provisions of the INF Treaty and Russia's concerns with U.S. compliance with the treaty and concludes with a discussion of options that the United States might pursue to address its concerns with Russia's activities and options that it might pursue if Russia deploys new INF-range missiles.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Orlando Shooting Revives Debate over Restricting Blood Donations by Gay Men

Orlando Shooting Revives Debate over Restricting Blood Donations by Gay Men

Date: August 1, 2016
Creator: Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report discusses new FDA guidance regarding blood donations from sexually-active gay men. Since the 1980s, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recommended that men who have sex with men (MSM) be indefinitely deferred (i.e., permanently banned) from donating blood. This action was taken to help control the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through the blood supply.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Poverty in the United States in 2015: In Brief

Poverty in the United States in 2015: In Brief

Date: October 4, 2016
Creator: Dalaker, Joseph
Description: This report presents information on poverty for demographic groups (by family structure, age, race and Hispanic origin, and work status) and for states. In this report, the numbers and percentages of those in poverty are based on the Census Bureau's estimates
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Veterans Affairs FY2017 Appropriations

Department of Veterans Affairs FY2017 Appropriations

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Viranga Panangala, Sidath
Description: This report provides and overview of department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and range of benefits and services to veterans. The report discusses VA budget and the President's budget request for FY2017 and congressional action
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ex-Im Bank: No Quorum, No Problem?

Ex-Im Bank: No Quorum, No Problem?

Date: September 15, 2016
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report discusses the operation on a limited basis of the Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) despite a renewal of its general statutory charter through FY2019 (P.L. 114-94,
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 21, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on three potential new weapons that could improve the ability of Navy surface ships to defend themselves against enemy missiles--solid state lasers (SSLs), the electromagnetic railgun (EMRG), and the hypervelocity projectile (HVP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DHS Appropriations FY2017: Research and Development, Training, and Services

DHS Appropriations FY2017: Research and Development, Training, and Services

Date: October 20, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.; Kandel, William A.; Morgan, Daniel & Gottron, Frank
Description: This report discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2017. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the fourth title of the homeland security appropriations bill--in past years, this has comprised U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization Services, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, the Science and Technology Directorate, and the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO). In FY2017, the Administration proposed moving the Domestic Nuclear Detection office into a new Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives Office, along with several other parts of DHS. Congress has labeled this title of the bill in recent years as "Research and Development, Training, and Services."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: Frequently Asked Questions about the 2015 Paris Agreement

Climate Change: Frequently Asked Questions about the 2015 Paris Agreement

Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Leggett, Jane A. & Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report discusses the frequently asked questions about the 2015 Paris Agreement (PA). The PA opened for signature by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on April 22, 2016, at U.N. headquarters in New York City.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), as well as the Obama Administration's stated goal of pursuing U.S. ratification of the CTBT, although the Administration has mainly focused on securing Senate consent to ratification of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Recent State Election Law Challenges: In Brief

Recent State Election Law Challenges: In Brief

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Whitaker, L. P.
Description: This report begins by setting forth key constitutional provisions relevant to recent state election law challenges. Next, it discusses federal statutory provisions contained in the Voting Rights Act and the National Voter Registration Act and briefly examines pertinent Supreme Court precedent. Then, based on that legal framework, it provides an overview of several recent challenges to state election laws in Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas that resulted in major decisions by the various federal courts of appeals as illustrative examples of the types of challenges that have been playing out in the courts. Finally, the report discusses some potential implications of these challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Judiciary Appropriations, FY2017

Judiciary Appropriations, FY2017

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: The first section of this report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2017 judiciary appropriations, followed by a section on prior-year actions and funding. The report then provides an overview of judiciary accounts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OPM Announces Premium Increase in the Federal Long-Term Care Insurance Program

OPM Announces Premium Increase in the Federal Long-Term Care Insurance Program

Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) announcement regarding premium rate increase for long-term care insurance policies purchased through the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid and the Education Sector: Programs and Priorities

Foreign Aid and the Education Sector: Programs and Priorities

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report is a descriptive profile of recent U.S. foreign aid education sector activities; it outlines actors, policy, funding levels, and programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information for the 313 women who have been elected or appointed to Congress including names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Did a Thermostat Break the Internet?

Did a Thermostat Break the Internet?

Date: October 26, 2016
Creator: Jaikaran, Chris
Description: This report discusses cyber security and the challenges the new form of hacking poses -- specifically, the attacks by a common malicious botnet named Mirai.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Assistance for Victims of Terrorism or Mass Violence: In Brief

Federal Assistance for Victims of Terrorism or Mass Violence: In Brief

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report focuses solely on assistance available from Department of Justice's (DOJ's) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)--the primary federal assistance available to victims of terrorism or mass violence. Jurisdictions and individuals may be eligible to receive various types of victim assistance both directly from the Department of Justice (DOJ) and indirectly from DOJ through their respective state victim assistance agencies or other programs following incidents of terrorism or mass violence in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption: Frequently Asked Questions

Encryption: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: unknown
Creator: Jaikaran, Chris
Description: This report discusses encryption, which is a process to secure information from unwanted access or use. Encryption uses the art of cryptography to change information which can be read (plaintext) and make it so that it cannot be read (ciphertext).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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