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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Essential Air Service (EAS)

Essential Air Service (EAS)

Date: September 3, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report discusses Congress' establishment of the Essential Air Service (EAS), a program to ensure that small communities that were served by certificated air carriers before the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 would continue to receive scheduled passenger service, with subsidies if necessary. Deregulation gave airlines almost total freedom to determine which domestic markets to serve and what airfares to charge, which raised the concern that communities with relatively low passenger levels would lose service as carriers shifted their operations to serve larger and often more profitable markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the sustainment and modernization of the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet. Coast Guard polar icebreakers perform a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions. The operational U.S. polar icebreaking fleet currently consists of one heavy polar icebreaker, Polar Star, and one medium polar icebreaker, Healy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation and Transportation Security Related Provisions of House and Senate Stimulus Legislation (H.R. 1)

Transportation and Transportation Security Related Provisions of House and Senate Stimulus Legislation (H.R. 1)

Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Fischer, John W.; Mallett, William J.; Kirk, Robert S. & Frittelli, John
Description: This report discusses the major transportation and transportation security-related provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (H.R. 1) as passed by the House on January 28, 2009, and the Senate on February 10, 2009. The report also discusses the major transportation provisions of the conference report on H.R. 1 (H.Rept. 111-16), which was passed by both the House and Senate on February 13, 2009, and signed by President Barack Obama on February 17, 2009.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 28, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs), intended as replacements for 90 aging Coast Guard cutters and patrol craft. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Coast Guard's funding requests and acquisition strategies for these programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 28, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on sustaining and modernizing the Coast Guard's polar icebreaker fleet, which performs a variety of missions supporting U.S. interests in polar regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Date: February 6, 2009
Creator: Frittelli, John & Peterman, David R.
Description: This report discusses the background and funding of Amtrak, which was created by Congress in 1970 to provide intercity passenger railroad service. It operates approximately 44 routes over 22,000 miles of track, 97% of which is owned by freight rail companies. It runs a deficit each year, and requires federal assistance to cover operating losses and capital investment. Without a yearly federal grant to cover operating losses, Amtrak would not survive as presently configured.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Date: February 13, 2009
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current issues surrounding alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles. It includes background information on various kinds of alternative fuels and issues, recend developments, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airline Passenger Rights: The Federal Role in Aviation Consumer Protection

Airline Passenger Rights: The Federal Role in Aviation Consumer Protection

Date: July 21, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report examines aviation consumer protections following the 1978 elimination of most governmental control regarding airline business practices. It explains the roles of Congress and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) in protecting airline consumers, and discusses some major passenger rights issues and related laws and regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program

VH-71 Presidential Helicopter Program

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Description: This report discusses VH-71 presidential helicopter, which has experienced noteworthy cost increases and schedule delays, which have generated controversy and scrutiny. The VH-71 is intended to replace the President's current operational fleet of helicopters, consisting of 11 VH-3D Sea Kings and 8 VH-60N Night Hawks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation Security: Issues for the 111th Congress

Transportation Security: Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: January 28, 2009
Creator: Peterman, David R.; Elias, Bart & Frittelli, John
Description: This report discusses how best to construct and finance a system of deterrence, protection, and response that effectively reduces the possibility and consequences of another terrorist attack without unduly interfering with travel, commerce, and civil liberties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department