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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Campaign Financing

Campaign Financing

Date: December 17, 2004
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Description: This report discusses various issues regarding campaign finance law and potential options for policy responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform

Social Security Reform

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report examines the debate over the future of the Social Security system. It includes discussion of recent developments; background and analysis with information about the basic debate, specific area of contention, reform initiatives; and relevant legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Derivatives, Risk Management, and Policy in the Energy Markets

Derivatives, Risk Management, and Policy in the Energy Markets

Date: December 11, 2006
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report provides a systematic guide to understanding the use of financial derivative contracts in the energy industry, focusing specifically on the petroleum and natural gas sectors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues

China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues

Date: January 9, 2008
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report summarizes the main findings of CRS Report RL32165, China's Currency: Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Flood Insurance Program: Treasury Borrowing in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

National Flood Insurance Program: Treasury Borrowing in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

Date: January 25, 2007
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses the the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), which has been financially overwhelmed by claims and expenses related to the massive flooding caused by Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform: How Much of a Role Could Personal Retirement Accounts Play?

Social Security Reform: How Much of a Role Could Personal Retirement Accounts Play?

Date: June 9, 2000
Creator: Koitz, David S.
Description: This report illustrates the potential accumulations of personal savings accounts intended for retirement savings, given a range of possible contribution amounts and interest rates. It is intended to provide information about how to evaluate the possible role of personal accounts in the debate on Social Security reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance

Campaign Finance

Date: April 20, 2005
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Description: This report discusses campaign finance practices and related issues. Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. The report talks about the today's paramount issues such as perceived loopholes in current law and the longstanding issues: overall costs, funding sources, and competition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Government's Long-Term Fiscal Shortfall: How Much Is Attributable to Social Security?

The Government's Long-Term Fiscal Shortfall: How Much Is Attributable to Social Security?

Date: August 29, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses social security in the context of the federal budget. One rationale given for Social Security reform is the large long-term fiscal shortfall that Social Security is projected to face.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security, Saving, and the Economy

Social Security, Saving, and the Economy

Date: January 12, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: This report examines the determinants of household saving, how household saving may be affected by Social Security, and the potential effects of possible changes in Social Security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Issues Before the U.S. Supreme Court in McConnell v. FEC

Campaign Finance: Issues Before the U.S. Supreme Court in McConnell v. FEC

Date: June 20, 2003
Creator: Whitaker, L. P.
Description: This report provides a summary of the issues presented by 12 groups of appellants in their jurisdictional statements in 2003. Shortly after the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA), P.L. 107-155 (H.R. 2356, 107th Cong.) was enacted in March 2002 (also known as the McCain-Feingold campaign finance reform legislation), Senator Mitch McConnell and others filed suit in U.S. District Court for D.C. against the Federal Election Commission (FEC) and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) arguing that provisions of the law are unconstitutional. Ultimately, eleven suits challenging BCRA were brought by more than 80 plaintiffs and consolidated into one lead case, McConnell v. FEC. On May 2, 2003, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia issued its decision in McConnell v. FEC, No. 02-CV-0582 striking down some key provisions of the law as unconstitutional, but on May 19, it issued a stay of its ruling, which leaves BCRA, as enacted, in effect until the Supreme Court issues a decision. (For information about the decision, see CRS Report RS21511, Campaign Finance: Brief Overview of McConnell v. FEC.) Under the BCRA expedited review provision, the court's decision will be reviewed directly by the U.S. Supreme Court, which scheduled oral argument ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences

Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences

Date: July 17, 2007
Creator: Moteff, John
Description: This report is meant to support congressional oversight by discussing, in more detail, what this task entails and issues that need to be addressed. In particular, the report defines terms (e.g., threat, vulnerability, and risk), discusses how they fit together in a systematic analysis, describes processes and techniques that have been used to assess them, and discusses how the results of that analysis can inform resource allocation and policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Bills in the 107th Congress: Comparison of S. 27 (McCain-Feingold), H.R. 2356 (Shays-Meehan), H.R. 2360 (Ney-Wynn), and Current Law

Campaign Finance Bills in the 107th Congress: Comparison of S. 27 (McCain-Feingold), H.R. 2356 (Shays-Meehan), H.R. 2360 (Ney-Wynn), and Current Law

Date: July 5, 2001
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E. & Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: This report summarizes and compares three major campaign finance reform bills before the 107th Congress and current law (in most cases, the Federal Election Campaign Act, or FECA, 2 U.S.C. § 431 et seq.).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: December 31, 2008
Creator: Garret, R. S.
Description: This report discusses selected campaign finance policy issues that may receive attention during the 111th Congress such as the electronic filing of senate campaign finance reports, bundling, hybrid advertising, joint fundraising committees, 527 Organizations and more.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Date: June 13, 2007
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the Social Security program (Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance, or OASDI) and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, and provides administrative support to Medicare and several other federal programs. Total SSA spending in FY2006 was about $597 billion, 98% of which was mandatory spending on benefit payments. This report focuses on SSA’s spending for administrative expenses, which is discretionary and amounts to 2% of SSA’s total spending. This funding is provided in the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies appropriations bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China’s Holdings of U.S. Securities: Implications for the U.S. Economy

China’s Holdings of U.S. Securities: Implications for the U.S. Economy

Date: January 9, 2008
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report examines the importance to the U.S. economy of China’s investment in U.S. securities, as well as U.S. concerns over the possibility that China might unload a large share of those holdings, the likelihood that this would occur, and the potential implications such action could have for the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Finance: RABA’s Double-edged Sword

Highway Finance: RABA’s Double-edged Sword

Date: May 19, 2003
Creator: Fischer, John W.
Description: This report discusses a possible reduction in federal highway program spending. Congress has chosen to overrule provisions of law that would have reduced the FY2003 spending level to $23.2 billion, and has instead settled on $31.8 billion, the same as the FY2002 level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China’s Holdings of U.S. Securities: Implications for the U.S. Economy

China’s Holdings of U.S. Securities: Implications for the U.S. Economy

Date: February 27, 2008
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report examines the importance to the U.S. economy of China's investment in U.S. securities, as well as U.S. concerns over the possibility that China might unload a large share of those holdings, including the likelihood that this would occur, and the potential implications such action could have for the U.S. economy. The report concludes that a large sell-off of Chinese Treasury securities holdings could negatively affect the U.S. economy, at least in the short-run. As a result, such a move could diminish U.S. demand for Chinese products and thus could lower China's economic growth as well.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank: Background and Legislative Issues

Export-Import Bank: Background and Legislative Issues

Date: June 18, 2002
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the Export-Import Bank (Ex-In Bank), the chief U.S. government agency that helps finance American exports of manufactured goods and services with the objective of contributing to the employment of U.S. workers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Date: July 18, 2007
Creator: Stoll, Adam; Smole, David P. & Mercer, Charmaine
Description: This report reviews and briefly describes the major proposals that would change the federal student loan programs to achieve savings in mandatory spending and the proposals that would enhance student aid benefits or result in changes to existing federal student aid programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Date: October 23, 2007
Creator: Stoll, Adam; Smole, David P. & Mercer, Charmaine
Description: This report reviews and briefly describes the major proposals contained in both the House-passed and Senate-passed versions of H.R. 2669 to achieve savings in mandatory spending through changes to federal student loan programs and to enhance student aid benefits or make other changes to existing federal student aid programs. It also reviews and describes the major changes enacted under P.L. 110-84 that are projected to achieve savings in mandatory spending and those that establish new or enhanced student aid benefits or that otherwise amend pre-existing federal student aid programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Student Loans, Student Aid, and FY2008 Budget Reconciliation

Date: July 6, 2007
Creator: Stoll, Adam; Smole, David P. & Mercer, Charmaine
Description: This report reviews and briefly describes the major changes proposed in H.R. 2669 to federal student loan and other federal student aid programs that would achieve savings in mandatory spending or that would result in changes to existing federal student aid programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fixed Exchange Rates, Floating Exchange Rates, and Currency Boards: What Have We Learned?

Fixed Exchange Rates, Floating Exchange Rates, and Currency Boards: What Have We Learned?

Date: January 23, 2004
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report evaluates the benefits and drawbacks of different types of exchange rate regimes from the perspective of their effects on macroeconomic stability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Date: July 30, 2008
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: This report begins by providing a brief description of each of the campus-based programs, including the terms under which financial aid is awarded to students and the procedures under which federal funds are allocated to institutions for that purpose. It then provides historical information on federal funds appropriated for each of the programs, an analysis of the number and types of students served, and selected program statistics. It concludes with a discussion of amendments to the campus-based programs proposed in S. 1642 and H.R. 4137.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Date: May 14, 2007
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: This report begins by providing a brief description of each of the campus-based programs, including the terms under which financial aid is awarded to students and the procedures under which federal funds are allocated to institutions for that purpose. It then provides historical information on federal funds appropriated for each of the programs, an analysis of the number and types of students served, and selected program statistics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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