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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Information Sharing for Homeland Security: A Brief Overview

Information Sharing for Homeland Security: A Brief Overview

Date: September 22, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C. & Seifert, Jeffrey W.
Description: This report reviews some of the principal existing homeland security information sharing arrangements, as well as some projected arrangements in this regard, and discusses related policy, evaluations, and proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Implementation of the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)

Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Implementation of the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)

Date: September 11, 2008
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: Particulate matter (PM), including fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and larger, but still inhalable particles (PM10), is one of the six principal pollutants for which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has set National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) under the Clean Air Act (CAA). This report outlines the implementation process for the 1997 PM2.5 NAAQS and describes issues raised as EPA and states develop implementation strategies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: U.S. Military Operations

Iraq: U.S. Military Operations

Date: March 9, 2004
Creator: Bowman, Steve
Description: This report discusses US military operations in Iraq. Iraq's chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons programs, together with Iraqi long-range missile development and support for al-Queda terrorism, were the primary justifications put forward for military action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use -- Background for Congress

Navy Ship Propulsion Technologies: Options for Reducing Oil Use -- Background for Congress

Date: June 2, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information on options for technologies that could reduce the Navy's dependence on oil for its ships, as well as four general strategies for reducing the Navy's dependence on oil for its ships: reducing energy use on Navy ships; alternative hydrocarbon fuels; nuclear propulsion; and sail and solar power.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Proposed Change to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) under S. 113

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses S. 113, a bill to extend the coverage of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA") to non-U.S. persons who engage in international terrorism or activities in preparation for terrorist acts, without a showing of membership in or affiliation with an international terrorist group.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Middle East Peace Talks

The Middle East Peace Talks

Date: February 9, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report examines the current climate regarding peace talks in the Middle East. Congress is interested in the peace talks because of its oversight role in the conduct of U.S. foreign policy, its support for Israel, and keen constituent interest. It is concerned about U.S. financial and other commitments and the Palestinians' fulfillment of their commitments to Israel.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Financing: The 9/11 Commission Recommendation

Terrorist Financing: The 9/11 Commission Recommendation

Date: February 25, 2005
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the 9/11 Commission's recommendation that the U.S. government shift the focus of its efforts to counter terrorist financing from a strategy based on seizing terrorist assets to a strategy based on exploiting intelligence gathered from financial investigations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missile Defense: The Current Debate

Missile Defense: The Current Debate

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.
Description: This report provides background information on the Bush Administration's proposed approach toward the development and deployment of missile defense. It also discusses key related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Disaster Policies After Terrorists Strike: Issues and Options for Congress

Federal Disaster Policies After Terrorists Strike: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: June 24, 2002
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: This report is intended to assist Congress as it considers options for consequence management legislation. It provides information on federal policies that would be implemented in the event that terrorist attacks in an attempt to answer the question: Based on experiences gained thus far, should Congress consider changes in federal consequence management policies to address the effects of possible future attacks? The report explores two types of issues--selected administrative issues pertinent to the delivery of assistance, and selected policy issues about the assistance provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: A Sketch

USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: A Sketch

Date: February 6, 2006
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the sunset of a handful of communications-related sections of the USA PATRIOT Act and the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act on March 10, 2006. The authority of the expiring sections remains in effect only as it relates to foreign intelligence investigations begun before sunset or to offenses or potential offenses begun or occurring before that date. Thereafter, the law reverts to its previous form unless it has been amended in the interim or subsequently renewed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
India and Iran: WMD Proliferation Activities

India and Iran: WMD Proliferation Activities

Date: November 8, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Description: This report discusses India's nonproliferation record and reported transfers to Iran of limited nuclear, chemical, and missile-related materials. Members of Congress have questioned whether India's cooperation with Iran might affect U.S. and other efforts to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Issues and Economic Effects of American Wars

Financing Issues and Economic Effects of American Wars

Date: April 27, 2004
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report examines financing and economic issues in World War II, the Korean Conflict, the Vietnam Conflict, the Reagan Military Buildup, and the 1991 and 2003 wars in Iraq. It examines tax policy, non-military outlays, the budget balance, economic growth, inflation, and interest rates during these periods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: December 22, 2005
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report discusses legislative initiatives to address the challenges facing the U.S. Intelligence Community in the 21st century.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: January 26, 2005
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about the Military Health Services System (MHSS), its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed. Citations are made to more detailed CRS studies where appropriate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's homeland security (HLS) and homeland defense (HLD) operations, which raise several potential oversight issues for Congress, including Navy coordination with the Coast Guard in HLS and HLD operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 5, 2004
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses potential Navy homeland security roles include defending the United States against ballistic or cruise missile attack, defending U.S. naval bases and naval computer networks against attack, searching for terrorists at sea, and assisting civil authorities in responding to terrorist attacks. The Navy’s role in homeland security raises several potential issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Homeland Security: Navy Operations — Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: O’Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses the Navy's homeland security (HLS) and homeland defense (HLD) operations, which raise several potential oversight issues for Congress, including Navy coordination with the Coast Guard in HLS and HLD operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Long Can the Defense Department Finance FY2008 Operations in Advance of Supplemental Appropriations?

How Long Can the Defense Department Finance FY2008 Operations in Advance of Supplemental Appropriations?

Date: December 10, 2007
Creator: Belasco, Amy & Towell, Pat
Description: This report analyzes war funding for the Defense Department and tracks funding for USAID and VA Medical funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2005
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report discusses legislative initiatives to address the challenges facing the U.S. Intelligence Community in the 21st century. Growing concerns about transnational threats, especially terrorism, are leading to increasingly close cooperation between intelligence and law enforcement agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Date: January 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, R. E.
Description: This report describes statutory requirements for allocating congressional nominations to service academies and identifies the qualifications that must be met by potential nominees, as established by statute and each academy. Sample documents that could be used by congressional offices at various stages of the nomination selection process are included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Gallis, Paul
Description: This report discusses the mission of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Afghanistan, the purpose of which is to stabilize and reconstruct Afghanistan by combating emerging threats such as terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This report also discusses how the Obama Administration has made the Afghanistan conflict a policy priority, and what this stance could mean for potential future endeavors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Continuity of Operations (COOP) in the Executive ranch : Background and Issues for Congress

Continuity of Operations (COOP) in the Executive ranch : Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 31, 2004
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: This report discusses the background of Continuity of Operations (COOP) in planning, discusses elements of an effective COOP plan, and reviews the current policies governing COOP planning in the executive branch. The final two sections address issues and policy questions, including, among other matters, the status of agency preparedness, maintaining COOP preparedness, congressional committee oversight of COOP activity, and funding for contingency planning.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)

Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)

Date: January 16, 2008
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report looks at the background and current status of the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), which was formed to increase international cooperation in interdicting shipments of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Responses to International Conflict and Terrorism: Property Rights Issues

Federal Responses to International Conflict and Terrorism: Property Rights Issues

Date: October 6, 2004
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report reveals that based on case law to date, Takings Clause limits on federal response to international threats appear to be few, but most certainly do exist – chiefly when private property is impressed into military service not in the theater of actual war.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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