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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Nakamura, Kennon H.; Addis, Casey L. & Lum, Thomas
Description: This report provides information regarding the role of U.S. and other foreign companies in facilitating Internet censorship by repressive regimes overseas. The report is divided into several sections: Examination of repressive policies in China and Iran, Relevant U.S. laws, U.S. policies to promote Internet freedom, Private sector initiatives, and Congressional action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications and Spectrum Resources: Policy Issues for Congress

Public Safety Communications and Spectrum Resources: Policy Issues for Congress

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: The availability of radio frequency spectrum is considered essential to developing a modern, interoperable communications network for public safety. Equally critical is building the radio network to use this spectrum. Opinions diverge, however, on such issues as how much spectrum should be made available for the network, who should own it, who should build it, who should operate it, who should be allowed to use it, and how it might be paid for. This report discusses potential paths forward for Congress in regards to modernizing communications. To resolve the debate and move the planning process forward, Congress may decide to pursue oversight or change existing law. Actions proposed to Congress include (1) authorizing the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to reassign spectrum and (2) changing requirements for the use of spectrum auction proceeds. In particular, legislation in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171) might be modified. This law mandated the termination of analog television broadcasting and the release of those channels for other uses, including public safety.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

Date: September 9, 2010
Creator: Kirchoff, Suzanne M.
Description: This report analyzes the current crises that the U.S. newspaper industry is facing in light of the recent economic downturn and the increasing number of readers who turn to the Internet for their news instead of to traditional media. Congress has begun debating whether the financial problems in the newspaper industry pose a public policy issue that warrants federal action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
English as the Official Language of the United States: Legal Background

English as the Official Language of the United States: Legal Background

Date: December 23, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: For over a decade, legislation that would either declare English the official language of the United States government or that would oppose such declarations has been introduced in Congress. This report discusses the legal effect of some of these congressional proposals, as well as current federal policy on foreign language assistance, the constitutional law implications of official English proposals, and legal issues regarding state laws on official English.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: March 12, 2014
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report provides and introduction to key provisions in the Spectrum Act to improve public safety communications and discusses planning authority, state and local participation, federal governance and other issues regarding the evolving network technologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cloud Computing: Constitutional and Statutory Privacy Protections

Cloud Computing: Constitutional and Statutory Privacy Protections

Date: March 22, 2013
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: This report first describes cloud computing and how it differs from traditional computing. It then describes how the Fourth Amendment and federal electronic privacy statutes apply to communications in the physical world, to Internet communications generally, and specifically to the cloud. Finally, this report surveys recent legislation and other various proposals designed to update the existing statutory framework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Date: June 23, 2014
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report discusses government advertising that can be controversial if it conflicts with citizens' views about the proper role of government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Media in the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Social Media in the House of Representatives: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Straus, Jacob R. & Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report answers several questions about the regulation of social media accounts in the House of Representatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sending Mail to Members of the Armed Forces at Reduced or Free Postage: An Overview

Sending Mail to Members of the Armed Forces at Reduced or Free Postage: An Overview

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report looks the background, and current methods of, sending mail to troops serving overseas via subsidized postage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

Date: January 3, 2011
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Addis, Casey L. & Lum, Thomas
Description: Report regarding the role of the United States and other foreign companies in facilitating Internet censorship by repressive regimes overseas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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